Definition of urnfield in English:

urnfield

noun

Archaeology
  • A prehistoric cemetery of the European late Bronze Age and early Iron Age, in which cremated remains were placed in pottery vessels (cinerary urns) and buried.

    • ‘He studies the potsherds, blackware, urnfields, fossils, salt routes and water-courses of sites where, before Gallo-Roman colonization, ‘earth and artifact’ existed in ‘perfect symbiosis.’’
    • ‘An urnfield cemetery, or jar burial, is a type of secondary burial that involves placing the cremated body of a deceased person into a large jar or urn, within a large defined cemetery area.’
    • ‘Mr Gerritsen took a fresh look at the monumental urnfields in the provinces of Brabant and Limburg in the south of the Netherlands, which were used for generations by numerous families.’
    • ‘The origins of their culture can be traced back to the Bronze Age of the upper Danube in the 13th century BC, with successive stages represented by the urnfield and Hallstatt cultures.’
    • ‘At the urnfield excavated at Kimpton, Hants, two pyres have been identified.’
    • ‘The Archaeology display contains objects from the Bronze Age, urns found in urnfields in Westerwolde, Iron Age objects, and Roman urns and artefacts discovered during archaeological excavations of the city up to 1993.’
    • ‘Large urnfields were found in the villinovan area containing up to hundreds of dead.’
    • ‘The related graveyards, such as urnfields and burial mounds from the Bronze Age, Ice Age and Roman Times, were used for long periods of time and were also the centres of the settlements system.’
    • ‘The appearance of urnfields marks a major transition in burial rites from the previous predominance of inhumations, often under round barrows, to a predominance of cremations.’
    • ‘Instead, everyone was buried in flat cemeteries called urnfields using urns that were larger but plainer than before, called ‘bucket urns’.’

adjective

Archaeology
  • Relating to or denoting a people or culture characterized by burial in an urnfield. The Urnfield complex is equated with the Hallstatt culture and is dated to c.1200–800 bc.

    • ‘Mainly due to this alleged linguistic relation the Urnfield people are called proto-Celts.’
    • ‘The Urnfield culture is settled in southern France, in Spain and is working the copper mines in Tyrol, Austria.’
    • ‘The Urnfield cultures were a group of central European Bronze Age cultures associated with the Celts.’
    • ‘From there, the Unfield culture spread over the continent, and then the Hallstatt culture dispersed across the Urnfield settlements and later La Tène diffused through the Hallstatt.’
    • ‘The first occupants, builders of the oldest fortress, were people belonging to the cultural group of the urnfields people, a name given to them by archaeologists from their custom of cremating their dead and burying the ashes.’
    • ‘Pot types found in Mackovac are distributed over a large territory and in different Urnfield culture groups.’
    • ‘The other noticeable changes from the Urnfield culture was the manner of burials.’
    • ‘A second occupation lasted during the the late Bronze Age to the Urnfield period.’
    • ‘They spread into and beyond those areas previously held by the Urnfield and Hallstatt cultures.’
    • ‘All Slavic languages, to a greater or lesser degree, have developed from contact with the Urnfield culture.’

Pronunciation:

urnfield

/ˈəːnfiːld/