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1Support (a building or other structure) from below by laying a solid foundation below ground level or by substituting stronger for weaker materials.
- ‘At present, it is not thought that underpinning the foundations would be enough to save the building.’
- ‘Mrs Lloyd said the council refuses to answer questions about underpinning her house.’
- ‘Eleven years ago, the Guildhall was forced to spend £626,000 underpinning the foundations of the scheduled monument which has been in council ownership since 1925.’
- ‘A friend in Britain, who is a civil engineer, had given me a drawing showing an inexpensive method of underpinning the foundations.’
- ‘The claim of the insured included an additional claim to underpin an adjacent office block, which was not part of the insured property.’
- ‘Work began on rectifying the structural problems of the library and extra piles were inserted and the building was underpinned.’
2Support, justify, or form the basis for:‘the theme of honour underpinning the two books’
starting point, base, point of departure, beginning, premiseView synonyms
- ‘Much of the collection is unique unpublished material which underpins music performance and research in Australia.’
- ‘An understanding of market structure underpins all pricing decisions made by marketers.’
- ‘His views were underpinned by his strong Christian beliefs.’
- ‘Children played cricket at the Centre on a daily basis and what was achieved there underpinned the success of Yorkshire cricket.’
- ‘He said the partnership process must underpin competitiveness as the core element of any possible new agreement.’
- ‘The exercise exposed a fundamental element of the Finnish psyche that underpins the Finnish workplace.’
- ‘During the Victorian and Edwardian periods in Britain, society was underpinned by rigid moral and social values.’
- ‘In this essay I want to trace the origins of some of the common principles and assumptions which underpin the writing workshop.’
- ‘The idea of fairness that underpins the democratic process is grounded in different ways in different theories.’
- ‘The story of her parents' struggle to raise four children in an alien culture underpins her book and her beliefs.’
- ‘In a weblogging context, XML underpins the RSS format, which is in turn used to distribute headline feeds to aggregators’
- ‘In a free society law also underpins the freedoms of citizens by guaranteeing certain civil liberties and imposing legal checks on the authorities.’
- ‘His know-how is underpinned by a strong appreciation of discipline.’
- ‘The theme underpinning the film's murder investigation is the dire and inescapable consequences of circumstance and personal choice.’
- ‘The success of this arrangement was underpinned by unquestioned trust in the integrity of the medical profession.’
- ‘Thus, rivalry was built into the structure of material life that underpinned the economy of production and exchange.’
- ‘These themes are underpinned by unquestioned assumptions about the dangers of modern life, lazily repeated like a mantra through much of the media.’
- ‘The Government's legislation to underpin its workplace changes is yet to materialise.’
- ‘He said, ‘We are remembering the past, honouring the present and underpinning a legacy for future generations in gathering here today.’’
- ‘We should never lose sight of the fact that it is engagement in a real economy that underpins reciprocity in society.’
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