Definition of umlaut in English:

umlaut

noun

Linguistics
  • 1A mark (¨) used over a vowel, especially in German, to indicate a different vowel quality.

    • ‘German umlauts appear to be a problem in some cases.’
    • ‘Furthermore, Hungarian, Turkish and Finnish (which are Ural-Altaic languages like Korean and share phonetic qualities with it) also extensively use umlauts.’
    • ‘Come on folks, don't you know how to pronounce vowels with umlauts over them?’
    • ‘This changed when the reform-minded leader Kemal Mustafa Attaturk, for better or for worse, adopted a Romanization system which heavily uses umlauts to modify various sounds.’
    • ‘The evidence is that originally the German keyboard produced circumflexes instead of umlauts but it was replaced by an English keyboard.’
    1. 1.1mass noun The process in Germanic languages by which the quality of a vowel was altered in certain phonetic contexts, resulting for example in the differences between modern German Mann and Männer.
      • ‘The mutations of a basic vowel by umlaut are of two kinds in OE.’
      • ‘It is important to note that in many OE words containing vowels affected by umlaut, the /i/ or /j/ in the following unstressed syllable has been lost.’
      • ‘Not all vowel gradations are caused by umlaut.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]Linguistics
  • Modify (a form or sound) by using an umlaut.

    ‘the colour of prothetic vowels, unless umlauted by the next syllable, was that of the laryngeal which was vocalized’
    • ‘How can I use umlauted letters in spelling surnames?’
    • ‘Accented and umlauted vowels, and diacritical marks on consonants must be avoided, because they act as roadblocks and break the speed of a typist.’
    • ‘There are actually 2 ways to make umlauted vowels.’
    • ‘That's like the umlauted vowel in the first syllable of the German town name Tübingen.’
    • ‘In the choral movement of his ninth symphony, the soprano soloist has to sing her highest note on the umlauted U in flügel, an even more daunting vowel sound than that in ‘who'd.’’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from German Umlaut, from um ‘about’ + Laut ‘sound’.

Pronunciation

umlaut

/ˈʊmlaʊt/