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1A mark (¨) used over a vowel, especially in German, to indicate a different vowel quality.
- ‘This changed when the reform-minded leader Kemal Mustafa Attaturk, for better or for worse, adopted a Romanization system which heavily uses umlauts to modify various sounds.’
- ‘German umlauts appear to be a problem in some cases.’
- ‘The evidence is that originally the German keyboard produced circumflexes instead of umlauts but it was replaced by an English keyboard.’
- ‘Come on folks, don't you know how to pronounce vowels with umlauts over them?’
- ‘Furthermore, Hungarian, Turkish and Finnish (which are Ural-Altaic languages like Korean and share phonetic qualities with it) also extensively use umlauts.’
- 1.1[mass noun] The process in Germanic languages by which the quality of a vowel was altered in certain phonetic contexts, resulting for example in the differences between modern German Mann and Männer.
- ‘It is important to note that in many OE words containing vowels affected by umlaut, the /i/ or /j/ in the following unstressed syllable has been lost.’
- ‘The mutations of a basic vowel by umlaut are of two kinds in OE.’
- ‘Not all vowel gradations are caused by umlaut.’
Modify (a form or sound) by using an umlaut:‘the colour of prothetic vowels, unless umlauted by the next syllable, was that of the laryngeal which was vocalized’
- ‘Accented and umlauted vowels, and diacritical marks on consonants must be avoided, because they act as roadblocks and break the speed of a typist.’
- ‘How can I use umlauted letters in spelling surnames?’
- ‘There are actually 2 ways to make umlauted vowels.’
- ‘That's like the umlauted vowel in the first syllable of the German town name Tübingen.’
- ‘In the choral movement of his ninth symphony, the soprano soloist has to sing her highest note on the umlauted U in flügel, an even more daunting vowel sound than that in ‘who'd.’’
Mid 19th century: from German Umlaut, from um about + Laut sound.
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