Definition of Tuscan in English:



  • 1Relating to Tuscany, its inhabitants, or the form of Italian spoken there, which is a standard variety widely taught to foreign learners.

    • ‘Of the four books or trattati of the Convivio the first is largely a defense of Dante's decision to write his prose commentaries, as well as the poems they expound, in the Tuscan vernacular rather than in Latin.’
    • ‘Besides foreign corresponding members, about half were local Tuscan patricians or nobles, and half were non-nobles.’
    • ‘From a distance, it resembles a Tuscan village.’
    • ‘This Tuscan Italian bistro has an intimate and cozy atmosphere, of this there is no doubt.’
    • ‘The Tuscan seaport of Piombino, at the south end of a peninsula in the Ligurian Sea, is the nearest point on the mainland to Elba.’
    • ‘‘We chose hand-selected Tuscan stone for the floors - a stone that's somewhere between sandstone and limestone,’ Johnson says.’
    • ‘I am a British subject, but now I am a proud citizen of this Tuscan village.’
    • ‘He has a penthouse in Chelsea, a beach club on the Tuscan coast and a private jet.’
    • ‘Ok, as you know, I like some fresh tomatoes, olive oil and garlic layered on some toasted coarse Tuscan bread as much as the next man.’
    • ‘This is a classic Italian dessert that is also known as the Tuscan trifle.’
    • ‘The Medicis were responsible for building or renovating a number of splendid Tuscan villas and palaces and their remarkably innovative gardens.’
    • ‘The wines themselves are standard Tuscan products: Sangiovese with Canaiolo and/or white grapes for the reds; Trebbiano (known locally as Procanico) for the whites.’
    • ‘As part of the Tuscan experience, holidaymakers will also be given the opportunity to take Italian lessons and to cook traditional Tuscan dishes.’
    • ‘Two extraordinary vendors in the Central Market in Florence will mail order authentic Tuscan foods directly from their stands.’
    • ‘Starters include warm chicken salad, prawn cocktail, smoked salmon and a Tuscan roll with pesto and mozzarella.’
    • ‘I was in Italy and I wanted to paint one of the little churches in the Tuscan hills.’
    • ‘Other well-known kinds of pecorino include: • Pecorino delle Crete Senesi, a famous Tuscan variety, with an aromatic flavour derived from the presence of wormwood in the pastures.’
    • ‘Recent changes in the Italian market may mean better prices for Tuscan wines, though.’
    • ‘Along the Ligurian and Tuscan coast, Italian street vendors sell scrumptious chickpea-flour pancakes called farinate, fried in a wide pan.’
    • ‘By opening our eyes to the crucial role the city's artists played in the transition from medieval to early renaissance Tuscan art, this major exhibition does just that.’
  • 2Relating to or denoting a classical order of architecture resembling the Doric but lacking all ornamentation.

    • ‘The house is substantial and its facade is as eclectic (in its rusticated stone, Tuscan columns that hold nothing up, and pedimented windows with false balconies) as Moreau's pictures.’
    • ‘It was a three-story mansion with mahogany interiors and Tuscan columns and porches on two floors on the south and east sides.’
    • ‘When approaching from the public road on the north, one first sees Cane Garden's raised neoclassical portico, the triangular pediment supported by eight Tuscan columns.’
    • ‘Behind her stretches the wide Tuscan colonnade of Fonthill Splendens.’
    • ‘Sansovino could have designed a rusticated flat arch for the herms to carry, or even a simple Tuscan entablature without metopes and triglyphs, but instead he chose the Doric.’


  • 1A native or inhabitant of Tuscany.

    • ‘Italian flowed from his mouth as it was expected of any Tuscan.’
    • ‘He sends some men downriver to the Trojans and the rest depart with him on horseback to find the Tuscans.’
    • ‘The imposing Tuscan, who first opened the restaurant in 1976, will not say who was there that night.’
    • ‘The Dialogo, one of the first pieces of art theory in Venice, takes the form of a discussion between two painters, a Tuscan and a Venetian.’
    • ‘He was a former king of the Tuscans who was overthrown by his people.’
    • ‘Some Tuscans, including the gifted and scholarly Count Guicciardini, were influenced by Plymouth Brethren and set up a church (which survives) behind the great palace on the Piazza della Signoria.’
    • ‘As Aeneas speaks with the Tuscans, Juno sends Iris to Turnus.’
    • ‘So with the establishment of Italy, say, all of a sudden the Tuscans become ‘Italians.’’
    • ‘Little known made-up fact: the Tuscans were quite found of celebrating American Thanksgiving.’
    • ‘Evander admits, however, that he can't give them too much help so he sends them further upstream to a tribe of Tuscans who have a grudge against some of the Latins.’
    • ‘Leave Provence to the Provencals, and Tuscany to the Tuscans - the world was altogether sweet enough right here.’
    • ‘The MPs are all in Tuscany: tough on the Tuscans, but a wonderful break for us lot.’
    • ‘We know little of his parents but certainly his father was a Tuscan.’
    • ‘We fought as Piedmontese, as Tuscans, as Neapolitans, as Romans, and not as Italians’.’
    • ‘Offer breadsticks wrapped with thinly sliced prosciutto as an hors d' oeuvre, then unmold zucchini timbales and grill a big steak, rare and juicy, the way the Tuscans like it.’
    • ‘His ship gets stuck, but the Tuscans begin to pour onto the field.’
    • ‘The reason for this break down is still unknown but one thing's for sure; this ruined all of the Tuscan's dreams of glory.’
    • ‘And how will the Tuscans enrich our lives, Hannah?’
    • ‘Paradoxically, endowed as he was with even more wit than most of his fellow Tuscans, he showed a childlike incapacity either for self-criticism or for cool judgement.’
    • ‘After all, in its time, Corsica has been invaded by the Phoenicians, Greeks, Etruscans, Phoceans, Carthaginians and Romans, and has been ruled over by the Papacy, the Tuscans, the Aragonese, the Genoese, the Germans and even the English.’
  • 2[mass noun] The form of Italian spoken in Tuscany.

    • ‘Modeled on Xenophon's Oeconomicus and written in Tuscan, Della famiglia was an attempt to define the cultural and linguistic identity of Florence.’
    • ‘By choosing to write the majority of his works in his native Tuscan, including his great work of mechanics, the Two New Sciences, he made his learning accessible to virtually anyone who was literate.’
    • ‘The Italian literary language was derived from Tuscan, and was spoken in Tuscany and by educated Romans.’
  • 3[mass noun] The Tuscan order of architecture.

    • ‘Whimsical decorative themes run the gamut, from rustic mountain to formal Tuscan (the latter with soaring columns and a travertine-marble bathroom).’
    • ‘And Design Observer tackles the latest unfortunate trend in Southern Californian residential design: Tuscan.’


Late Middle English (as a noun denoting an Etruscan): via French from Latin Tuscanus, from Tuscus an Etruscan.