Definition of Turkish in English:



  • 1Relating to Turkey or to the Turks or their language.

    • ‘The Turkish language, due to Turkey's Islamic heritage, originally used Arabic script.’
    • ‘Lovestruck teenager Rachael Lloyd arrived back in the UK yesterday, after seeing her Turkish lover jailed for five years.’
    • ‘The Turkish goalkeeper had been so dismissive of United's chances before the game but he obviously had not seen much of Rooney.’
    • ‘This is no reflection on the people of Turkey or the Turkish population of York.’
    • ‘Here, the Turkish press had assembled to meet the buses.’
    • ‘Recent article have mentioned further foot-dragging on the part of the Turkish Parliament.’
    • ‘She was holidaying with Mrs Lloyd, and her sister Becky, 16, when she began her relationship with the Turkish barman.’
    • ‘The Turkish language taught and spoken in Bulgaria now, is much closer to the language spoken in contemporary Turkey.’
    • ‘It's splendid decor evokes images of a mysterious Turkish palace.’
    • ‘Businessman Paul Cleasby is home from a Turkish jail in time for Christmas but has been left counting the huge financial and personal cost of his ordeal.’
    • ‘He decreed that the Roman Script would be used for the Turkish language.’
    • ‘This very abridged story from a Turkish newspaper could be of interest.’
    • ‘Tens of thousands of people danced in the streets of Istanbul and other Turkish towns and cities and showered each other with confetti and red rose petals.’
    • ‘Well, I think the role of Turkey and the Turkish government is fascinating.’
    • ‘I moved into the English language the way I moved along with the Turkish language.’
    • ‘Many people here might consider taking a winter break in Turkey, but the idea of a Turkish family coming to Scotland in winter is a novelty.’
    • ‘The management hopes to invite Turkish musicians to accompany the dancing, which will perhaps make it more festive as well.’
    • ‘Two days and an enormous amount of Turkish money later, I, along with five New Zealanders and an Aussie, set sail.’
    • ‘Tas is now on trial in Turkey, charged with insulting the Turkish state and its founder.’
    • ‘This restaurant fails in all areas of snob value bar one: for the connoisseur seeking authentic Turkish cuisine.’
    1. 1.1historical Relating to or associated with the Ottoman Empire.
      • ‘Much of the architecture in Titograd reflects the Turkish influence of the Ottoman Empire.’
      • ‘The bridge, built under the Turkish Ottoman empire, was destroyed.’


mass noun
  • The official language of Turkey, a Turkic language spoken by about 50 million people. It was written in the Arabic script until 1928, when the Roman alphabet was adopted.

    • ‘Choose your favorite political clichés and have them all translated into Turkish.’
    • ‘Musharraf, an Urdu speaker, lived in Turkey from the age of six to 13, and speaks Turkish fluently.’
    • ‘The two languages spoken in Cyprus are Greek and Turkish, but English is spoken by almost everybody there.’
    • ‘They, like the lower urban class, tend to speak Turkish with regional accents and grammatical peculiarities.’
    • ‘I could recognize it was Turkish, but otherwise did not understand a word.’
    • ‘Enough has been written about how the word came from Persian or Turkish.’
    • ‘Since 1928, thanks to Kemal Ataturk, Turkish is written in a slightly modified version of the Roman alphabet.’
    • ‘Its arguments were that Turkish is not the official language of the country so it could not be officially used in state institutions.’
    • ‘Most Muslims in Australia speak Arabic, followed by Turkish, English only, Indonesian or Malay, and Urdu.’
    • ‘Cahit barely speaks Turkish; when he meets Sibel's family her brother comments on the fact.’
    • ‘He knows he has to speak English and, fortunately, my Turkish has improved so I can understand him.’
    • ‘They spoke an Altaic language related to Mongol and Turkish, and still constitute a distinct ethnic group in China.’
    • ‘He was in his early forties, and not uncultured; he spoke French and Turkish as well as Arabic.’
    • ‘There was not one person on duty who spoke any language other than Turkish.’
    • ‘The information will be given in English, Spanish, Turkish, Arabic, Chinese and Russian.’
    • ‘During the Ottoman era, Turkish was written in Arabic script, from right to left.’
    • ‘I presume studies on the influence of Turkish on the Persian language and Arabic, have been done.’
    • ‘She told me that as she is growing older, whenever she gets emotional, the words come out in Turkish.’
    • ‘When they switch to Farsi or throw in some Turkish, I lose what little grasp I have on the conversation.’
    • ‘Farsi, Arabic, and Turkish are what Middle Eastern history students call primary source languages.’