Definition of Turkish in English:



  • 1Relating to Turkey or to the Turks or their language.

    • ‘Here, the Turkish press had assembled to meet the buses.’
    • ‘Businessman Paul Cleasby is home from a Turkish jail in time for Christmas but has been left counting the huge financial and personal cost of his ordeal.’
    • ‘It's splendid decor evokes images of a mysterious Turkish palace.’
    • ‘The Turkish language, due to Turkey's Islamic heritage, originally used Arabic script.’
    • ‘Well, I think the role of Turkey and the Turkish government is fascinating.’
    • ‘The Turkish language taught and spoken in Bulgaria now, is much closer to the language spoken in contemporary Turkey.’
    • ‘He decreed that the Roman Script would be used for the Turkish language.’
    • ‘This very abridged story from a Turkish newspaper could be of interest.’
    • ‘Many people here might consider taking a winter break in Turkey, but the idea of a Turkish family coming to Scotland in winter is a novelty.’
    • ‘Tens of thousands of people danced in the streets of Istanbul and other Turkish towns and cities and showered each other with confetti and red rose petals.’
    • ‘Recent article have mentioned further foot-dragging on the part of the Turkish Parliament.’
    • ‘This restaurant fails in all areas of snob value bar one: for the connoisseur seeking authentic Turkish cuisine.’
    • ‘Tas is now on trial in Turkey, charged with insulting the Turkish state and its founder.’
    • ‘Lovestruck teenager Rachael Lloyd arrived back in the UK yesterday, after seeing her Turkish lover jailed for five years.’
    • ‘She was holidaying with Mrs Lloyd, and her sister Becky, 16, when she began her relationship with the Turkish barman.’
    • ‘The Turkish goalkeeper had been so dismissive of United's chances before the game but he obviously had not seen much of Rooney.’
    • ‘I moved into the English language the way I moved along with the Turkish language.’
    • ‘This is no reflection on the people of Turkey or the Turkish population of York.’
    • ‘The management hopes to invite Turkish musicians to accompany the dancing, which will perhaps make it more festive as well.’
    • ‘Two days and an enormous amount of Turkish money later, I, along with five New Zealanders and an Aussie, set sail.’
    1. 1.1historical Relating to or associated with the Ottoman Empire.
      • ‘Much of the architecture in Titograd reflects the Turkish influence of the Ottoman Empire.’
      • ‘The bridge, built under the Turkish Ottoman empire, was destroyed.’


  • [mass noun] The official language of Turkey, a Turkic language spoken by about 50 million people. It was written in the Arabic script until 1928, when the Roman alphabet was adopted.

    • ‘Musharraf, an Urdu speaker, lived in Turkey from the age of six to 13, and speaks Turkish fluently.’
    • ‘During the Ottoman era, Turkish was written in Arabic script, from right to left.’
    • ‘Cahit barely speaks Turkish; when he meets Sibel's family her brother comments on the fact.’
    • ‘He was in his early forties, and not uncultured; he spoke French and Turkish as well as Arabic.’
    • ‘The information will be given in English, Spanish, Turkish, Arabic, Chinese and Russian.’
    • ‘Its arguments were that Turkish is not the official language of the country so it could not be officially used in state institutions.’
    • ‘Farsi, Arabic, and Turkish are what Middle Eastern history students call primary source languages.’
    • ‘Most Muslims in Australia speak Arabic, followed by Turkish, English only, Indonesian or Malay, and Urdu.’
    • ‘I presume studies on the influence of Turkish on the Persian language and Arabic, have been done.’
    • ‘Choose your favorite political clichés and have them all translated into Turkish.’
    • ‘Enough has been written about how the word came from Persian or Turkish.’
    • ‘Since 1928, thanks to Kemal Ataturk, Turkish is written in a slightly modified version of the Roman alphabet.’
    • ‘When they switch to Farsi or throw in some Turkish, I lose what little grasp I have on the conversation.’
    • ‘She told me that as she is growing older, whenever she gets emotional, the words come out in Turkish.’
    • ‘He knows he has to speak English and, fortunately, my Turkish has improved so I can understand him.’
    • ‘The two languages spoken in Cyprus are Greek and Turkish, but English is spoken by almost everybody there.’
    • ‘They spoke an Altaic language related to Mongol and Turkish, and still constitute a distinct ethnic group in China.’
    • ‘I could recognize it was Turkish, but otherwise did not understand a word.’
    • ‘There was not one person on duty who spoke any language other than Turkish.’
    • ‘They, like the lower urban class, tend to speak Turkish with regional accents and grammatical peculiarities.’