One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A native or inhabitant of Turkey, or a person of Turkish descent.
- ‘Growing up in the inner city in Melbourne, our neighbours consisted mainly of Greeks, Italians, some Turks and later, Lebanese.’
- ‘Turkey and Turks have an historical responsibility for region and us.’
- ‘The Turks, the Turkish government will strongly oppose that.’
- ‘He currently has an office staff made up of two Americans, two Germans, two Turks, two Brazilians and two Greeks.’
- ‘Other groups include Germans, Gypsies, Romanians, Slovenians, and Turks.’
- ‘He recalled life under the Turks and the British.’
- ‘The shared part of the Armenian diet is the Mediterranean foods widely familiar among Arabs, Turks, Greeks.’
- ‘The treaty only served to anger the nationalist Turks who sought to overturn it.’
2historical A member of any of the ancient central Asian peoples who spoke Turkic languages, including the Seljuks and Ottomans.
- ‘The Field of Blackbirds marked the spot where Serbs and Ottoman Turks had fought themselves to a bloody standstill in the 14th century.’
- ‘Under the Ottoman Turks, the bridge created ease of trade and mutual contact between Catholic, Serbian Orthodox and Muslim communities.’
- ‘All trade in Greek wine ceased in the late 15th century, when, after the fall of Byzantium, the Ottoman Turks occupied the Peloponnesian shore and drove out its inhabitants.’
- ‘The history of rise and decay repeated itself after the Osmanli Turks appeared on the scene.’
- ‘In 1526, a young Hungarian king fell in a battle with the Ottoman Turks.’
3archaic A member of the ruling Muslim population of the Ottoman Empire.
- ‘The Druze had been fighting the ruling Ottoman Turks for two hundred years.’
- ‘In 1396, the Bulgarians were conquered by the Ottoman Turks, a Muslim people.’
Late Middle English: via Old French from Turkish türk.
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