Definition of tsunami in English:

tsunami

noun

  • 1A long, high sea wave caused by an earthquake or other disturbance.

    ‘the loss of human lives from this latest tsunami is staggering’
    • ‘Thousands are still missing in the nine countries hit by the tsunamis.’
    • ‘The southern coast took the main brunt of Sunday's massive earthquake-generated tsunamis.’
    • ‘Hollywood celebrities have donated large sums of money to survivors of the tsunami disaster, via some of the big relief agencies that are currently working in South Asia.’
    • ‘Authorities in Indonesia now believe as many as 130,000 people were killed in the Boxing Day tsunamis.’
    • ‘Other destructive historical earthquakes and tsunamis have been smaller.’
    • ‘Many people refer to tsunamis as tidal waves, but scientists do not use this term to describe the phenomenon.’
    • ‘More than a million children have lost their families in the tsunami.’
    • ‘Earthquakes and tsunamis of those proportions have hit us in the past as we do live in a very vulnerable part of the world, on a tectonic plate.’
    • ‘The Asian tsunami is the greatest humanitarian disaster in recent world history.’
    • ‘Eathquakes and killer tsunamis have wreaked havoc in various parts of the world time and again.’
    • ‘Data on coastal flooding resulting from these tsunamis has been used to develop models of individual tsunamis.’
    • ‘Earthquakes and tsunamis are not the only natural disasters in need of better forecasting.’
    • ‘A tsunami is not just one wave but a series of waves, much like dropping a rock into a pool of water.’
    • ‘The majority of the damage and death came from a series of four huge tsunamis triggered by the eruption.’
    • ‘In the days since tsunami struck, newspaper reportage suggests a growing acknowledgement that disaster affects different groups of people differently.’
    • ‘When such big undersea earthquakes do strike, giant tidal waves, given the name tsunamis by the Japanese, are sure to follow.’
    • ‘Another rare event that may result from a tsunami is a standing wave or seiche.’
    • ‘The second or third wave is usually the biggest, and some tsunamis have divided into seven or more waves.’
    • ‘The tsunami was caused by an earthquake and was unrelated to climate change.’
    • ‘There were no reports of damage or injuries, and the earthquake did not trigger a tsunami.’
    1. 1.1 An arrival or occurrence of something in overwhelming quantities or amounts.
      ‘a tsunami of data pours into the CNBC newsroom every minute of every trading day’
      • ‘For both traditional and interactive agencies, buying media through these exchanges may offer a way to float RFPs and insertion orders without a tsunami of faxes, e-mails or wasted paper.’
      • ‘The throng of fans filled the Royal Albert Hall with tsunamis of applause.’
      • ‘Zadie Smith's 2000 debut novel White Teeth was published to a tsunami of critical acclaim.’
      • ‘He looks young and damn fine in a classic three-piece blue suit and black trenchcoat, just riding that tsunami of bad 70s cinema fashion without being crushed.’
      • ‘There's just a tsunami of books that have come out: it's that time of the year when publishers pump out whatever they consider to be noteworthy.’
      • ‘Step Into Liquid is a surfing documentary that offers a satisfactory amount of thrills within a tsunami of platitudes and hyperbole.’
      • ‘We've been hit by a tsunami of gloom and doom.’
      • ‘A tsunami of publicity has swept him off his feet and now he has become fleetingly notorious, courted until the interest fades.’
      • ‘In the past year Walston's farm had been hit by a tsunami of animal pests unlike anything he had known in his lifetime.’
      • ‘Meanwhile, the company is going to face a horrible tsunami of lawsuits.’
      • ‘We have observed - and the unending tsunami of American Idol contestants bears this pet theory out - that every human being believes that they are a great singer.’
      • ‘The corporate crime wave that followed the great bull market of the '90s has spawned a tsunami of its own in books and movies, critical of capitalism's greed.’
      • ‘There isn't enough cash to deal with tsunami of demand coming from demographic, technological and pharmaceutical sectors.’
      • ‘Nothing I heard or saw on my travels offered a single, practical clue about how to turn back the global tsunami of anti-Americanism.’
      • ‘Amid the tsunami of indignant emails were a couple of noteworthy contributions.’
      • ‘Satire finally came to the fore in American political life, unleashing a tsunami of politically-charged ridicule and invective that has changed the republic forever.’
      • ‘The film was released just prior to the enforcement of the Hays Code and thus escaped censorship despite a veritable tsunami of erotic images and motifs.’
      • ‘Disappointed customers unleashed a tsunami of emails asking, nay begging, for another chance to secure a bargain.’
      • ‘With the tsunami of holiday movies comes another batch of soundtrack discs.’
      • ‘Talk to teachers today, and you'll hear about their struggle to cope with a veritable tsunami of students pouring into school each year.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from Japanese, from tsu ‘harbour’ + nami ‘wave’.

Pronunciation

tsunami

/tsuːˈnɑːmi/