Main definitions of truck in English

: truck1truck2

truck1

noun

  • 1A large, heavy road vehicle used for carrying goods, materials, or troops; a lorry.

    • ‘One bomb destroyed a truck carrying troops, and the other went off in a ruined church where the survivors took cover.’
    • ‘Share the road safely with large trucks and commercial vehicles.’
    • ‘Since yesterday, we have seen a fair bit of traffic on the roads here and lorries and trucks carrying food, water, medicines.’
    • ‘On Sunday the pallets were loaded on to a convoy of lorries, trucks and vans and taken to Stansted Airport near London where they were transferred to a plane bound for Sri Lanka.’
    • ‘We expected to see great convoys of lorries and trucks emblazoned with UN initials juddering down the coastal road bearing relief and building materials.’
    • ‘A waste disposal lorry and a pick-up truck crashed on a narrow bridge, blocking a main road.’
    • ‘Beyond the slip road was a vast junction of roads where cars and trucks hurtled along totally oblivious to our presence.’
    • ‘Thousands of lorries and trucks are being forced into provincial towns for rest stops and catering services, defeating the purpose of bypassing towns in the first place.’
    • ‘The absence of the late night trucks and lorries will be a blessing for many.’
    • ‘Travelling by a separate route, a customised lorry, truck and trailer carry all our supplies, including 3,000 litres of water and a ton each of horse feed and firewood.’
    • ‘Along the road was a steady stream of trucks and lorries, piled high with belongings, from bedding and clothing to cement mixers and furniture.’
    • ‘Because this road is used by so many commercial vehicles, many trucks pass along the road each day.’
    • ‘The ban aims to regulate the movements of trucks and vans on major roads, while designating alternative truck routes.’
    • ‘On the right side of the road was a truck tipped over that was carrying soda.’
    • ‘The highway roads carry cars and trucks from the suburbs into the city.’
    • ‘This capability would reduce the number of trucks and troops traveling on the roads in all theaters of operations.’
    • ‘You may even see your property taxes increase as towns have to pay more to keep their police cars, fire engines, and garbage trucks on the road.’
    • ‘The community will simply not accept twice the number of trucks on the roads so we need a strategy to deal with the problem.’
    • ‘The MoD has ordered 348 tanker trucks to carry fuel and water along roads to frontline troops.’
    • ‘Wide-bodied vehicles such as trucks, occupy the full lane while moving, whereas smaller, two- or three-wheel vehicles can travel side by side in one lane.’
    lorry, articulated lorry, heavy goods vehicle, juggernaut
    van, pickup, pickup truck
    dumper, dumper truck, tipper, tipper truck
    hgv
    bogie
    bakkie
    pantechnicon
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1British A railway vehicle for carrying freight, especially a small open one.
      • ‘When I was a kid straight out of high school, I went to work for a large supply house unloading trucks and boxcars.’
      • ‘The second piece was considerably smaller, an L-shaped piece of steel which wooden boards would have slotted into to make the bottom and side of a railway truck.’
      • ‘The plaintiff, who was on the defendants land as a licensee, was injured by the negligent shunting of railway trucks.’
      • ‘From here the visitors were taken outside to the railway siding where railway trucks would deliver the raw materials and despatch the completed wireless telegraphy equipment.’
      • ‘Graduating from high school in 1956, I went to work unloading freight from trucks and boxcars for $40 a week.’
      • ‘The bags were later loaded onto railway trucks and pulled by two teams of Clydesdale horses nearly six kilometres to the Stenhouse Bay jetty for loading into the waiting ships.’
      • ‘The boxes are given to families many of whom are living in appalling conditions such as old railway trucks, buildings partly destroyed by shellfire and in extreme cases, sewers.’
      • ‘The four trucks derailed at 11.15 am when a locomotive was shunting 29 trucks backwards in preparation to leave for Johannesburg later.’
      • ‘In some European countries, if coal is transported in open railway trucks the top is sprayed with a solution of lime.’
      • ‘The locomotive and six trucks are lying alongside the tracks after crashing into boulders on the line.’
    2. 1.2 A low flat-topped trolley used for moving heavy items.
      • ‘Your job as a forklift truck operator would be to load and unload goods deliveries, and move them to and from storage areas in a warehouse or depot.’
      • ‘Here we discuss an accident that occurred in a warehouse due to the negligence of a forklift truck driver.’
      • ‘We offer a range of warehouse equipment, including reach trucks, stackers, powered pallet trucks, order pickers and turret trucks.’
  • 2A railway bogie.

    • ‘Roller bearings were specified for the engine truck for reliability and ease of maintenance, and likewise a mechanical lubricator.’
    • ‘A bogie is a British railway term for a wheeled truck or frame under a long carriage or engine that can swivel to help the vehicle around curves.’
    • ‘They are 132 feet long and ride on three, four-wheel trucks.’
    • ‘Later versions used ‘bogies’ or special trucks in place of tires.’
    • ‘This system uses specially reinforced and equipped highway trailers and ‘bogies’, or special trucks.’
    1. 2.1 Each of two axle units on a skateboard, to which the wheels are attached.
      • ‘I ride for Seek skateboards, Nike, Venture trucks, Gold wheels, and Traffic clothing.’
      • ‘Then Luke built our four-man skateboard by putting trucks on the bottom of a plank of plywood.’
      • ‘The axle of the truck is a rod the goes from one end of the hangar to the other and sticks out on both sides.’
  • 3A wooden disc at the top of a ship's mast or flagstaff, with holes for halyards to slide through.

    • ‘The ensign is flown from the peak or truck of the mast, except when directed to be flown at hair-mast.’
    • ‘First, the sheaves at the masthead truck will need to be replaced because they're wire-sized and the new rope halyard will have a larger diameter.’
    • ‘The main lifting halyard uses a single revolving truck/pulley, while the yard arm and gaff halyards are suspended by marine grade stainless steel pulleys.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]North American
  • 1 Convey by truck:

    ‘the food was trucked to St Petersburg’
    ‘industries such as trucking’
    • ‘Wireless usage is highest among trucking companies.’
    • ‘Employment in transportation, particularly the hard-hit airline and trucking industries, fell by 32,000 jobs.’
    • ‘In keeping with his relatively conservative economic philosophy, he deregulated the airline and trucking industries and took steps to decontrol the prices of natural gas and oil.’
    • ‘Areas where psychologists can aid government include better trucking security and X-ray inspection of luggage and improved communication among agencies in emergencies.’
    • ‘The 1,000 Truck Campaign has enlisted the support of the commercial trucking industry to transform big rigs into rolling billboards for the Corps.’
    • ‘Many refugees have become economically successful - they dominate Pakistan's trucking industry and have become prominent money-changers in the region.’
    • ‘The first independent initiative required is an immediate bombing pause so food can be trucked in and delivered to the people.’
    • ‘The heavy trucking industry has shown a lot of interest in the process.’
    • ‘Expect to see higher prices on everything from food to clothing as trucking companies, railroads, and air transport companies pass on their increased cost of doing business.’
    • ‘Instead of making the ales at its own brewery in California and then impacting the environment by trucking them across the country, he says the company taps into unused capacity at three existing facilities.’
    • ‘That means digging through the donated bins of marginal fruit to salvage plums or kiwis or oranges or broccoli, packing them in little bags, trucking them back for the people who can't afford fresh produce.’
    • ‘That is taking a heavy toll on truckers and trucking companies.’
    • ‘Traditionally this product is trucked to landfills or incinerated.’
    • ‘At the same time, port officials say they are short-handed when it comes to unloading containers, and others involved in shipping say rail lines and trucking companies are also overextended.’
    • ‘So why can't trucking companies find enough truckers?’
    • ‘A spokesperson from the Tasmanian trucking industry said members could not cope with the increased demand, while a federal study showed transport costs would jump 17%.’
    • ‘Prior to deregulation, trucking companies relied in large part on the owner-operators' ability to locate customers.’
    • ‘The sub-assemblies are done by suppliers in the logistics pre-assembly plant and the finished modules are trucked to the assembly facility.’
    • ‘Things have to be trucked around; services don't to nearly the same extent.’
    • ‘If he/she now has to expend the cost of trucking the merchandise to an auction hall and preparing it for auction, that means added costs for labor, and a delay on the return on the initial investment.’
    1. 1.1[no object] Drive a truck:
      ‘private contractors were trucking for Denali’
      • ‘He later moved to Winnipeg where he trucked for Allied Van Lines for 36 years, travelling most of North America.’
      • ‘He trucked for many years, hauling livestock and grain.’
    2. 1.2informal [no object, with adverbial of direction] Go or proceed in a casual or leisurely way:
      ‘my mate walked confidently behind them and trucked on through!’
      • ‘We trucked on through, and made it back....but it was not a pretty sight.’
      • ‘He trucked on through the grass to the fans lining the sides and made sure that each person that wanted a picture or an autograph got one.’

Origin

Middle English (denoting a solid wooden wheel): perhaps short for truckle in the sense ‘wheel, pulley’. The sense ‘wheeled vehicle’ dates from the late 18th century.

Pronunciation

truck

/trʌk/

Main definitions of truck in English

: truck1truck2

truck2

noun

  • 1archaic Barter.

    • ‘The urge to barter and truck was strong enough to push goods over two thousand miles.’
    • ‘There was little currency available so that payment in kind, barter and truck were widespread.’
    • ‘Following Adam Smith, humans have a natural tendency to barter, truck, and trade.’
    1. 1.1historical The payment of workers in kind or with vouchers rather than money.
      • ‘The Commissioners inquired into the truck system and how it applied to mining, and collected information on the arrestment of wages, which was considered just as injurious to the working-class in Scotland.’
      • ‘Following a petition of some west-country weavers, an Act was passed in 1702 forbidding the payment of wages in truck.’
      • ‘Payment of wages in "truck" was abolished.’
  • 2archaic Small wares.

    1. 2.1informal Odds and ends.
  • 3North American Market-garden produce, especially vegetables:

    [as modifier] ‘a truck garden’
    • ‘There are fruit trees and a little truck garden.’
    • ‘Though he lives within the city limits of Longview, he has seven or eight acres of land on which he grows truck garden crops.’
    • ‘Farmers sold vegetables from their truck gardens at harvest time.’
    • ‘Later they tried organic truck crop production on the Frey farm, but this was difficult, being so far from urban areas.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]archaic
  • Barter or exchange.

    • ‘Usually it is the male members of the family who walk or transport the buffaloes into Bolu; it is men who purchase and who truck, barter and exchange the buffaloes.’

Origin

Middle English (as a verb): probably from Old French, of unknown origin; compare with medieval Latin trocare.

Pronunciation

truck

/trʌk/