Definition of troponin in English:

troponin

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] A globular protein complex involved in muscle contraction. It occurs with tropomyosin in the thin filaments of muscle tissue.

    • ‘The tropomyosin and troponin proteins on the actin filament provide the switch.’
    • ‘Actin, myosin, and troponin and tropomyosin were isolated from rabbit back muscle.’
    • ‘The addition of regulatory proteins, troponin and tropomyosin, is known to increase the sliding speed of thin filaments in the in vitro motility assay.’
    • ‘Together with the associated protein troponin, TM on actin can switch between two laterally shifted conformations.’
    • ‘The onset of contractile activity involves activating troponin, the second accessory protein of thin filaments.’

Origin

1960s: from tropomyosin + -n- + -in.

Pronunciation:

troponin

/ˈtrəʊpə(ʊ)nɪn/