Definition of trophic in English:

trophic

Pronunciation: /ˈtrəʊfɪk//ˈtrɒfɪk/

adjective

  • 1Ecology
    Relating to feeding and nutrition.

    • ‘The hypothesis that all sampled species form a homogeneous trophic group feeding, ‘on average,’ on the same food sources also was rejected.’
    • ‘In rare cases, mothers feed trophic eggs to their tadpoles.’
    • ‘The direct effects of plant quality on omnivores is, therefore, likely to induce a trophic cascade whereby plant feeding by the omnivore ultimately benefits the plant.’
    • ‘This has important ecological implications for trophic responses and estuarine productivity.’
    • ‘We also combined taxa into four functional groups based on known trophic positions and feeding preferences: primary producers, herbivores, bacterivores, or predators.’
  • 2Physiology
    (of a hormone or its effect) stimulating the activity of another endocrine gland.

    • ‘The trigeminal nerve also has an important trophic function maintaining tissue integrity and healing in the eye.’
    • ‘The trophic hormones act to stimulate secretion of hormone from the target gland and to maintain its function and, if present in high concentrations, will cause the gland to enlarge.’
    • ‘A highly conserved feature is that the cells of all glands respond to their respective, regulatory tropic hormone with an increase in cyclic nucleotide.’
    • ‘The remaining hormones reviewed in this chapter are not coupled to tropic neuropeptides, but each has its own regulatory feedback loop that involves the hormone, a plasma component, and a target tissue.’
    • ‘Furthermore, medical treatments for endometriosis act in a variety of ways to abolish the trophic effect of oestradiol on both the eutopic and ectopic endometrium.’
    restorative, tonic, invigorating, bracing, energizing, restoring, reviving, refreshing, vitalizing, revitalizing, vivifying, revivifying
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek trophikos, from trophē nourishment, from trephein nourish.

Pronunciation:

trophic

/ˈtrəʊfɪk//ˈtrɒfɪk/