Definition of troop in English:



  • 1troopsSoldiers or armed forces.

    ‘UN peacekeeping troops’
    ‘troop cuts’
    • ‘The rebels responded by opening fire at the troops, prompting the soldiers to launch an assault on the rebels.’
    • ‘As a general rule, these support troops outnumber combat soldiers by about seven to one.’
    • ‘Those troops - mainly soldiers - have paid the ultimate price for their country.’
    • ‘This has always been an important training issue for infantry troops.’
    • ‘They enter combat alongside infantry troops but they do not receive the same tactical training and equipment as infantry soldiers do.’
    • ‘During wartime, the Guard can be retained at any time by presidential order to supplement regular army troops in military operations.’
    • ‘Relatives of the soldiers said the troops considered the mission too dangerous, in part because their vehicles were in such poor shape.’
    • ‘Actions in support of the soldier programs and support of troops deployed at home and abroad provide a great service.’
    • ‘Each was designed to hold up to five million troops, so the soldiers had room to spare.’
    • ‘The remaining federal force of 35,000 soldiers consists of one interior ministry troops brigade, one army division and a detachment of border guards.’
    • ‘Financial advisers and cash offices have been included in every major deployment of troops undertaken by the Army.’
    • ‘I wouldn't want to see a situation where the the withdrawal of troops meant that a civil war would break out.’
    • ‘The army said troops opened fire at a gunman who approached a military position.’
    • ‘Five flags will be issued to all enlisted soldiers, with deploying troops having priority.’
    • ‘He said the troops are highly trained soldiers, skilled in basic infantry.’
    • ‘In the meantime, the gunners gave close and effective fire support to the infantry and armor troops.’
    • ‘Around 200 soldiers from the 650 troops in the battalion are from Bradford.’
    • ‘Without this legal reassurance, military leaders and their troops could have laid themselves open to charges of war crimes.’
    • ‘The Armed Forces and other troops need officers with a university degree and a higher military education.’
    • ‘He and his family lived in a brickyard that had a field kitchen used by the troops of the 29th Infantry Division.’
    soldiers, armed forces, service men, men, service women
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  • 2A cavalry unit commanded by a captain.

    • ‘From the 16th century the troop, a captain's command, was the basic subunit in the cavalry.’
    • ‘A regimental cavalry troop has two tank platoons, two scout platoons, and a heavy mortar section.’
    • ‘The effects on the enemy were devastating and the cavalry troop broke contact and repositioned in good order.’
    • ‘The cavalry troop headquarters would include requisite maintenance, command and control, and liaison capabilities.’
    • ‘The unit conducting this mission was a standard regimental armored cavalry troop of the early 1990s era.’
    1. 2.1 A unit of artillery and armoured formation.
      • ‘I woke up just as the Indians were attacking an advancing troop of soldiers that had come onto their land.’
      • ‘There, the infantry and the armour troops had been doing the same task.’
      • ‘A formidable array of armour and troops roared through in a never ending stream.’
      • ‘Despite being a novice at commanding armoured units, he quickly grasped the great potential of mechanised and armoured troops.’
      • ‘The video started with an advancing troop of soldiers who fanned out across an open plain that offered only the protection of the few trees and old stone properties.’
    2. 2.2 A group of three or more Scout patrols.
      • ‘Planning a garden with a child in mind, whether the child is your own, a niece or nephew, neighbors or a scout troop, gives you the opportunity to be a child again.’
      • ‘The scout troop will meet once a month and during school holidays.’
      • ‘Your best choice would be a teacher, a camp counsellor, a den mother or a girl scout troop leader, for example.’
      • ‘Further, there were troop leaders who were of a different view.’
      • ‘Matt has been a member of the scout troop for five years.’
      • ‘The 1st Clifton Sea Scout troop has signed up for the 24 - Hour Famine and are collecting sponsorship this weekend.’
      • ‘I am the same person I was when I received those awards and honors, and the Scouts in the troop were indeed given a role model.’
      • ‘A scout troop with a proud history has been told to raise £100,000 or face extinction.’
      • ‘I can't imagine a man leading a Girl Scout troop, but because of the shortage of volunteers, I know many women who have taken on leadership of their son's pack.’
      • ‘He was a natural leader, from his years as a bomber pilot in World War II to his service as a scout master of a Boy Scout troop.’
      • ‘Working part-time in the customer service department of a local store and establishing a new Boy Scout troop had left her too busy to exercise regularly.’
      • ‘In 1920, at London Olympia, a Jamboree was held consisting of Scout troops from around the world.’
      • ‘In its present condition the scout hut is unsuitable for scout meetings, so the group has had to hire church halls and community centres across the town in the last five months for its Beaver Colony, two cub packs and scout troop.’
      • ‘And then he was gone, following the Scout troop.’
      • ‘Ten years later, as Chief Scout, he oversaw the huge International Camp at Lismore, which hosted scout troops from all over the world.’
      • ‘I was fourteen and in the scouts, camping out in a wood just outside Oxford with dozens of other scout troops from all over the country.’
      • ‘My Girl Scout troop leader once said that raising boys was easier than raising girls because you could let them run and climb trees without worrying that they'd hurt themselves.’
      • ‘Dennis is himself an assistant scoutmaster whose troop has vowed to defy the ban.’
      • ‘The carol singing was performed by members of the local troop of scouts, cubs and beavers.’
      • ‘Think about any successful group: a business, a family, a sports team, an academic class, a boy scout troop… whatever.’
      • ‘I also didn't like how the Girl Scouts go about recruiting new leaders/organizing new troops.’
      • ‘Creating the solar system is an ideal project for classrooms, summer camps, scout troops or space buffs.’
      • ‘A local Boy Scout troop adopted the family, promising to help out around the house and raise money for Christmas presents.’
      • ‘She spends about 15 hours per week juggling chocolate making with substitute teaching and leading her daughter's Girl Scout troop.’
      • ‘She was a Brownie Scout troop leader of almost messianic zeal.’
      • ‘The Scout Troop, ie, ages 11 to 14 are still without a female leader and the troop cannot be a mixed troop without a leader.’
      • ‘I grew up in Michigan, trailing after my father, who organized Boy Scout troops in the northern part of the Lower Peninsula.’
      • ‘But at the last meeting before we left for summer vacation, our troop leader passed around a sign up sheet.’
      • ‘Boys and girls, along with men and women from Scout troops all over the district, marched through the High Street yesterday, accompanied by three bands.’
      • ‘A girl scout troop is, at the same time, coming home in a bus from a meeting.’
      • ‘When I was a young Boy Scout at summer camp, my troop gathered at twilight each day to lower the colors for the night.’
      • ‘Lewis, who was leading a boy scout troop on an outing, witnessed the shooting and immediately informed officials.’
      • ‘The other troop leader and the Boy Scout died during a lightning storm.’
      • ‘Her problem is solved when the local Boy Scout troop buys all the excess cards.’
      • ‘In fact, the main purpose of last night's meeting seemed to be about recruiting mothers to be troop leaders and forming new troops for these interested girls.’
      • ‘The scout troop follows me, assumes this has all been planned out as a lesson by me.’
      • ‘As a result the 115 members of its Beaver colony, two Cub packs and Scout troop have had to meet in community centres and halls across town.’
      • ‘A troop of cub scouts could have pulled this off!’
      • ‘After a long time of exploring and eavesdropping, I watch a scout troop just sitting down to a table near the entrance, holding trays and drinks.’
      • ‘This year, for the first time, the local Girl Scout troops will hand out a special badge for participation in Waterway Cleanup.’
  • 3A group of people or animals of a particular kind.

    ‘a troop of musicians’
    • ‘A tall, spare man with long grey hair was leading a troop of village children between the ages of three and eight, most of them barefooted, up a hill where they played and sang.’
    • ‘Japanese macaque studies began in 1948 when scientists visiting the southern Japanese island of Koshima, encountered a troop of wild monkeys.’
    • ‘A troop of seven boars runs single-file across the hill.’
    • ‘A troop of 50,000 local volunteers with scientific background will go west to help western areas move up their technical ladder.’
    • ‘The play is a rites of passage comedy, which follows the haywire path of a troop of disparate youngsters into the cultural mêlée of a national student drama festival.’
    • ‘With an abundance of talent in the school, it was no surprise to see a troop of students providing the entertainment at the interval.’
    • ‘A troop of foul-smelling marine iguanas warm themselves in the sun in the Galapagos Islands.’
    • ‘He and a troop of almost 70 others fan out over the rugged countryside, tracking every child and adult, immunizing them and providing health education.’
    • ‘Clad in a black hat and green gaiters, the Bishop was just another hiker with a troop of friends.’
    • ‘More than 40 elderly residents living in sheltered accommodation schemes in Wickford benefited from a troop of volunteers who spruced up their homes.’
    • ‘A troop of secret agents in identical suits, sunglasses and wigs circulated as a group throughout the evening.’
    • ‘Between September and April, a troop of highway workers are placed on 24-hour call-out to man the gritters.’
    • ‘I'd love to be walking around in a forest only to encounter a troop of Gummi Bears.’
    • ‘Back at camp, we found that a troop of monkeys had discovered the tomatoes - and trashed the place.’
    • ‘I am taking a keen interest in bird watching and feeding a troop of greedy sparrows who are devouring everything I put out there.’
    • ‘This story about a troop of baboons showed that if you remove all the aggressive, dominant males, everybody remaining has a more peaceful life. Trying to apply that to humans would be a laugh though.’
    • ‘A troop of dancers from the School of Irish Dancing will be performing for the first time.’
    • ‘Later, they will be entertained by The Chieftains and a troop of Irish dancers who will perform in a massive marquee which has been erected on the castle lawns.’
    • ‘Just as my friend and I were admiring a youth and his horse swimming in the river, a very large man with a troop of youths and a pair of young coloured horses appeared.’
    • ‘A troop of mothers - who were all about thirty or so - sat on nearby benches, watching the children and talking quietly among themselves.’
    group, party, band, gang, bevy, body, company, troupe, assemblage, gathering, crowd, throng, horde, pack, drove, flock, swarm, stream, multitude, host, army, cohort
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  • 1no object, with adverbial of direction (of a group of people) come or go together or in large numbers.

    ‘the girls trooped in for dinner’
    • ‘Students from different classes and schools of the city trooped in in good numbers and gave vent to their imagination and indulged in some creative pursuits.’
    • ‘The three of us trooped off together to get outfitted at a mid-town haberdashery.’
    • ‘Soon, it was time to enter the hall and the kids, some sporting the school uniform and others, their Sunday clothes, trooped in with confidence.’
    • ‘As they trooped in, the workers - each of whom knows how lucky he or she is to be alive - said that, far from being a burden, work was helping them cope.’
    • ‘In the aftermath, fellow artists and relatives trooped in to help.’
    • ‘Attired in their Sunday best, the little ones trooped in or rather made a dazzling entry on their mothers' arms.’
    • ‘They had already lost three times to their visitors this season and they were three down as they trooped off at half time to loud booing.’
    • ‘The door was left open and a succession of men trooped in, lay down on the bed, had a sandwich, and left with a smile on their faces.’
    • ‘Yesterday morning we trooped off to the park to play cricket; me, Jake and our opposite neighbours, father and eight year old son.’
    • ‘Alexander opened the door and the three trooped in.’
    • ‘It was in stark contrast to the Wasps who trooped off the field just thankful to have got through the season.’
    • ‘The group finished breakfast and then trooped off to their first class.’
    • ‘As the group was trooping together up the staircase to their rooms, Josh looked over at Katie.’
    • ‘Sadly, the group trooped toward the other bus, muttering amongst themselves.’
    • ‘We trooped meekly through the tastefully-decorated room crowded with happy diners, towards the fish tank at the back.’
    • ‘Once inside the large palace, the group trooped up the staircase to the pharaoh's throne.’
    • ‘A group of kids trooped in and stood near the door.’
    • ‘Lauren picked up the tray, and Marc put an arm around her, and they trooped up to the house together.’
    • ‘In the aftermath the Scots trooped in one by one to tell us how much they were hurting and you felt their pain, physical and mental.’
    • ‘We all laughed and agreed that Louisa definitely liked him, and with that we trooped off to the car to head for home.’
    walk, march, file, straggle
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    1. 1.1 (of a lone person) walk at a slow or steady pace.
      ‘Caroline trooped wearily home from work’
      • ‘Neighbours saw a 44 year old bloke trooping about with a guitar; police were called and now the bloke is in a local hospital under the mental health act.’
      • ‘Anyway, having spent the day at home doing various little jobs and waiting for some furniture to be delivered, I duly trooped down to London late afternoon and got to The Chandos before anyone else.’
      • ‘The doorbell rang as I was trooping down the stairs and I counted the possibilities of who it could be.’
      • ‘She came trooping down the driveway wearing a simple pair of clean jeans that weren't too fancy, a light blue sweat shirt and a colored scarf underneath her black track jacket.’
      • ‘By the time he was trooping back for the second half, news had filtered through that Middlesbrough were 2-0 up at Leicester.’
      trudge, plod, traipse, trail, drag oneself, tramp
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  • troop the colour

    • Perform the ceremony of parading a regiment's flag along ranks of soldiers.

      • ‘It is one of only three public occasions on which the Lord Mayor troops the colour with the horse-drawn carriage, thus ranking the Dublin Horse Show up there with Bloomsday and St Patrick's Day.’
      • ‘The honour can be registered in the history of the regiment and displayed if the regiment is trooping the colour but does not have any other physical manifestation.’
      • ‘The only thing he's not going to do this year, I understand, is to actually ride to the trooping the color.’
      • ‘There she is, trooping the color and the Guards ceremony and so forth.’
      • ‘He resigned from the Household Cavalry when a banana was thrown at him during a rehearsal for trooping the colour.’


Mid 16th century: from French troupe, back-formation from troupeau, diminutive of medieval Latin troppus ‘flock’, probably of Germanic origin.