Definition of triterpene in English:



  • Any of a group of terpenes found in plant gums and resins, having unsaturated molecules based on a unit with the formula C₃₀H₄₈.

    • ‘Cucurbitacins are oxygenated tetracyclic triterpenes that have been shown to have emetic, antineoplastic, and cytotoxic effects on herbivores, resulting in feeding and oviposition deterrence and reduced growth of consumers.’
    • ‘The leaves of the plant contain alkaloids, glycosides, triterpenes, tannins, volatile bases and probably other substances.’
    • ‘Many of its medicinal effects are attributed to the triterpene glycosides known as ginsenosides (saponins).’
    • ‘Terpenoids are classified according to the number of isoprene units they contain: monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, tetraterpenes and polyterpenes.’
    • ‘Some of the triterpenes fractions have been thought to act as in vivo precursors to steroids.’