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1[mass noun] The state or fact of being organized in a tribe or tribes.
- ‘Kenya continues to suffer from tribalism and corruption, as well as high population growth, unemployment, political instability, and the AIDS epidemic.’
- ‘According to the magazine, Africa's failures could be explained by a combination of factors, including harsh natural conditions, colonialism, tribalism, dictatorship and corruption.’
- ‘There's no tribalism or ethnicity, but race remains a sensitive issue.’
- ‘The author states with a grand rhetorical flourish: ‘Rome broke the tribalism of Celtic Britain with the iron claw of its uniformity’.’
- ‘Here then is a simple model of how tribalism may play out during a rebellion or tribal insurgency: A group of extended families gains control over a sub - clan.’
- ‘It is therefore not without significance that since the 1970s African social scientists have dispensed with the concept of tribalism and have displayed great hostility to its continued use by Westerners.’
- ‘Although tensions existed between the army and the group, the president defused them by playing the politics of tribalism and regionalism, often targeting northerners as the source of the nation's problems.’
- ‘The lack of any compelling national interest and the difficulties posed by local tribalism argue strongly against.’
- ‘Although the contemporary policy ramifications of the new push toward regionalism and this new tribalism have only been briefly touched upon in this paper, it nonetheless lays some foundations for future research.’
- ‘The Bantustans represented an imposed tribalism, with indigenous Africans forcibly displaced onto reservations carved out of the country's poorest land.’
- ‘Both the Soviets and the current government have promoted his wisdom in efforts to foster nationalism over tribalism.’
- ‘Third, there is hard evidence that tribalism has a role in the army.’
- ‘While ecological problems are not the sole province of the Third World, it is there that the largest population increases are expected, where central governments are weakest, and where tribalism is rampant.’
- ‘Why has the era of globalization been characterized by an intensification of tribalism and ethnic conflict?’
- ‘Jesus Christ therefore, by implication, liberates the African Christian from disease, human and natural disasters, from tribalism, racism and any monstrous and inhuman political domination.’
- ‘The effort to invent a modern politics for Africa privileged ethnic representation-a revived, or sometimes even invented, tribalism.’
- ‘Mwakikagile does admit that Africa has had some successes, and that even Nigeria, which fought a civil war because of tribalism, has been able to overcome many of those ethnic issues.’
- ‘After the military coup of 1980, however, a new tribalism or politically strategic ethnicity began to emerge.’
- ‘Western images of the Arab world remain rooted in either the nineteenth-century racism of ‘Orientalism’ or clichés of tribalism and terrorism.’
- 1.1derogatory The behaviour and attitudes that stem from strong loyalty to one's own tribe or social group:‘a society motivated by cultural tribalism’
- ‘Anthropology, both in its American and British versions, while much richer in its theoretical practices, has succumbed to a postmodern tribalism.’
- ‘In fact their ideology mostly flows from their tribalism.’
- ‘When they get into their bureaucratic tribe, their tribalism comes out.’
- ‘Our conversation returns, as they are wont to do in these circumstances, to tribalism - county rivalries.’
- ‘The problem isn't having so many religions or countries, or denominations; the problem is being afraid of and not being able to embrace our differences, and when our differences are played out in tribalism.’
- ‘Is there an element of bigotry here; of tribalism?’
- ‘It is religion that manifests the tribalism of human behavior most clearly.’
- ‘We have to cut through all forms of provincialism, parochialism, and tribalism - this is the perennial struggle of being a progressive.’
- ‘When the members of these teams had never met before, interpersonal trust had to be replaced by trust in the organisation, meaning tribalism occasionally got in the way.’
- ‘The first weeks of the finals have shown that tribalism has transcended the past and a new breed of tribalism has hit the national stage.’
- ‘Each has been tempted by an excess of otherworldliness or this-worldliness, by universalism or tribalism, by the spirit or by the flesh.’
- ‘By '90, adherents numbered in the thousands, and a distrustful government began to clamp down, leveling accusations of tribalism against the movement and then banishing it.’
- ‘The banker said the promotion of information technology is ‘one of the first priorities’ in Afghanistan because it will eliminate tribalism caused by distance and expand business opportunities.’
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