Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
noun
1A plane figure with three straight sides and three angles.
‘an equilateral triangle’- ‘‘Art Deco was the first to come out with baguette diamonds, anything that had a straight line, triangles, trapezoids,’ he continued.’
- ‘For example, a level 1 question asked why a certain figure was an equilateral triangle.’
- ‘The design radiates symmetrically from a central point and is constructed from a pattern of circles, equilateral triangles, squares, hexagons and/or six-pointed stars.’
- ‘Cross-sections are in the shape of circles, ovals, squares, rectangles, equilateral triangles or regular polygons.’
- ‘Narayana gave the rules for the formation of doubly even, even and odd perfect magic squares along with magic triangles, rectangles and circles.’
- ‘In fact, it does not contain any straight line pieces at all: the middle third of any piece of straight line has been replaced by two sides of a triangle, creating a spike.’
- ‘For example, when we start with a hexagon, the final shape may be a segment, a triangle, or another hexagon.’
- ‘This is constructed by dividing a line into three equal parts and replacing the middle segment by the other two sides of an equilateral triangle constructed on the middle segment.’
- ‘Figure 6 shows an equilateral triangle and a rhombus that circumscribe the same unit circle.’
- ‘For example, we know that a circle is somehow more symmetrical than a equilateral triangle.’
- ‘In this book Vernier gives a table of sines and a method for deriving the angles of a triangle if its sides are known.’
- ‘The back of a second, kneeling Magus and of the seated Virgin supporting the Child form two sides of an equilateral triangle located plumb in the centre of the design.’
- ‘A theorem of Riemann's geometry is that the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is always greater than 180 degrees, and increases as the areas of triangles increase.’
- ‘A stationary front is denoted by semicircles and triangles on alternate sides of the front.’
- ‘The third regular polygon is the equilateral triangle, and two of them joined make a diamond.’
- ‘He tested this intuition using two-dimensional plane figures - the triangle, square, pentagon, etc. - but this didn't work.’
- ‘Draw objects made entirely of triangles, rectangles or squares; make ‘butterfly’ pictures by painting on one half of the paper and folding it over so that the image is mirrored.’
- ‘Using these simple tools they could construct equilateral triangles and hexagons and they could bisect any angle.’
- ‘He arranges thin rectangles, squares, triangles and trapezoids in complex patterns on the wall.’
- ‘In the other case, the sides of the hexagon are parallel to the sides of the given triangle.’
tapered piece, segment, slice, sectionView synonyms- 1.1 A thing shaped like a triangle.‘a small triangle of grass’
- ‘In Exhibit 2 below, we have July coffee trading at 58 cents, which is indicated by the black triangle along the horizontal axis.’
- ‘First flowing south, then north, the river has shaped a dramatic triangle with an area of about 50 square kilometres.’
- ‘There is a huge expanse of sweeping railway track that links up to form a triangle enclosing acres of scrub and grass.’
- ‘The domes consisted of a series of linked triangles forming a sphere that proved to be so strong that it could be built with very lightweight materials and remain structurally sound in virtually any size.’
- ‘For example, the letter A in a triangle should be plainly marked on a fire extinguisher that can be used for ordinary combustibles.’
- ‘Ashton was sitting in the corner of the bench between the arm and the back with his legs bent forming a triangle with the seat.’
- ‘She connected the lines, forming a triangle through the crumbs.’
- ‘Cut the remaining slices into triangles or rectangles to cover the sides of the bowl.’
- ‘Here, the ligament is assumed to be formed on an enlarging triangle that maintains its shape during growth.’
- ‘The weather map symbol for a cold front is a blue line with triangles pointing the direction the cold air is moving.’
- ‘The ear ornaments in this collection are geometrically complex in design, combining squares, circles and triangles into single forms.’
- ‘Free-range pigs have shelters shaped as triangles or half circles, but most porkers were lurking inside; pine trees had snow plastered on the north side of their trunks and the hot sun on the south side.’
- ‘It is rare to see objects against a background of a square, a triangle, and oval shapes.’
- ‘All that remains of the madhouse is a triangle of grass.’
- ‘We have to do two sides of a triangle, straight at the waves and then back at an angle to avoid capsizing but we make it to the Peat Lough, moor up in the reeds and fish out into deep water.’
- ‘If an animal's center of mass falls outside the triangle of support formed by its three feet on the ground, it is statically unstable and will fall.’
- ‘She pointed at two sets of three claw marks arranged in a triangle, with a streak in the blood on the floor between them.’
- ‘Wood blinds, meanwhile, can fit a variety of applications, including quarter arches, full arches, angles, trapezoids, hexagons and triangles.’
- ‘A cold front is shown by a line with blue triangles pointing in the direction the front is travelling.’
- ‘It was a white triangle with a red border and a black exclamation mark inside and had to be pasted on the windshield and the back window of the cars driven by inexperienced drivers.’
- 1.2 A musical instrument consisting of a steel rod bent into a triangle and sounded by being struck with a small steel rod.
- ‘It was the first time I ever heard a recorded triangle that didn't sound false.’
- ‘She lifted the chunky Celtic cross which perpetually weighed her neck down and flicked it with a finger as if it was a musical triangle to show it was made of pure, die cast metal.’
- ‘We decided to make a percussion supergroup with me on the triangle, but after a couple of minutes and ringing ears we realised that this wasn't the best thing to do for our sanity.’
- ‘There are grunts, an accompanying triangle, and even something like be-bop drums.’
- ‘As she lay trembling slightly for a long moment, not daring to breathe, she became aware of a faint humming, like the sound that a triangle makes after you strike it.’
- ‘A triangle chimes in the background; it's all very bittersweet.’
- ‘We were given drums, triangles, maracas and tambourines to experiment with.’
- ‘The school's year four and five class got to work with drums, xylophones and triangles.’
- ‘The triangle for once doesn't play as if afraid it will never be heard from again, while the piccolo stands out for its cleanliness of tone and brilliance.’
- ‘The children moved on to the Salvation Army Sunday School, where she learnt to play the triangle and cymbals.’
- ‘Traditionally, Seychellois performed their music on drums, violins, accordions, and the triangle.’
- ‘Towards the end of the show, Lieberman hands out percussion instruments - triangles, chimes, shakers - and has no trouble finding volunteers to take the instruments.’
- ‘We hear the cellist playing cymbal and mark tree and the violinist playing triangle and drum.’
- ‘Chapter Two demonstrates ways props, such as drums, sticks, triangles, balls, a trampoline, hoops, bells and scarves, can be used to intensify rhythmic feeling.’
- ‘He started to tap it, making a small ting, much like the sound of a musical triangle.’
- ‘A gong, cymbals, a triangle, and a timpani, as well as the pentatonic scale, create a sense of the Far East.’
trio, triplet, triplets, triumvirate, triad, trinity, troika, triunity, triplexView synonyms - 1.3 A frame used to position the pool balls in snooker and pool.
- ‘He racked up a triangle of pool balls at the proper end of the table, and he began to practice his pool shots.’
- ‘Sean pitched his drink down on the bar table and picked up the triangle to racket the balls.’
- ‘Kath broke the triangle of balls pretty successfully although none of them went in.’
- ‘I watched as he broke the triangle of balls at the far end of the table into a huge mess.’
- ‘Stephan picked the triangle up from its position on the floor and placed it carefully on the table.’
- ‘This trophy, made of Waterford Crystal and in the shape of a snooker frame triangle, is a new one because the previous cup was sponsored by a tobacco company and their link with sport ended two seasons ago.’
- ‘‘Try it,’ he said after he gathered all of the balls into the triangle.’
- ‘Walking over toward the table and bending down I adjusted myself to correctly break the triangle of balls before me that Zea had just finished racking.’
- ‘Only the shape of the rack of balls is a triangle.’
- ‘I broke the triangle, getting two balls into a pocket.’
- ‘Viviane arranged the balls in the triangle as she continued to speak.’
- 1.4North American A drawing instrument in the form of a right-angled triangle.
- ‘Use a triangle to line those up and see that they're at right angles, then draw across them using the grid ruler.’
- ‘Use a triangle to lay out the outline of the label, a vertical center line, and horizontal guidelines for the height of the lettering.’
- 1.5triangleshistorical A frame of three halberds joined at the top to which a soldier was bound for flogging.
- ‘Sage had screamed at every blow, but now hung unconscious from the triangle, while Cruttwell was taking his flogging in silence.’
- ‘For a flogging, three halberds would be bound in an upright triangle, with a fourth tied horizontally across at chest height.’
2An emotional relationship involving a couple and a third person with whom one of them is also involved.
- ‘Through rhythmic, rhymed language, both groups express the frustrations and joys of love: falling in love, heartbreak, jealousy, love triangles.’
- ‘This, however, can lead to their wives feeling unsupported, creating a schism in the marital relationship - something the three players in the triangle would want to avoid.’
- ‘The third person in the triangle is receiving affection and intimacy that rightfully belongs to the spouse.’
- ‘Poor Gabby was stuck in the middle of a love triangle with two emotionally unstable men.’
- ‘My pose was slightly more complicated because of my character's complex relationship triangle.’
- ‘When my character fell for one of the farmers and got involved in a love triangle, it was all very scandalous.’
- ‘It's a lush, romantic epic about lovers in a fatal emotional triangle, set against the backdrop of the Spanish Civil War.’
- ‘And nothing is quite so potent an activator of consciousness as a relationship triangle.’
- ‘It was more of a straightforward kung fu movie, featuring a love triangle, a couple of betrayals, and a revenge plot.’
- ‘It involves a love triangle between a physically handicapped woman, her sister, and a male prostitute.’
- ‘Another war movie cliché is the love triangle, involving a conveniently-placed nurse.’
- ‘A theatre critic's secretary is caught up in a love triangle involving the stars of a production of Othello after she is persuaded to alter a review to make it more favourable.’
- ‘In a triangle, the three relationships are interdependent; they are not three separate person-to-person dyads.’
- ‘In fact, everyone involved in the romantic triangle is noble.’
3A small brownish Eurasian moth of oak and beech woods.
- ‘The Gold Triangle is a beautiful purple and yellow moth.’
- ‘The Blue Triangle is an active butterfly moving quickly from flower to flower.’
Origin
Late Middle English: from Old French triangle or Latin triangulum, neuter of triangulus ‘three-cornered’ (see tri-, angle).
Pronunciation
Further reading
6 punctuation marks you might be using incorrectly
Read moreWe take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
An A-Z of country name origins
Read moreFrom Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.