One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A spirochaete bacterium that is parasitic or pathogenic in humans and warm-blooded animals, including the causal agents of syphilis and yaws.
- ‘In addition, the finding of treponemes within exudative lesions and positive serology aids the diagnosis.’
- ‘Over 10 years 195 samples of serum and cerebrospinal fluid gave positive results in the fluorescent treponema antibody assay, which means a primary infection of T pallidum, and 48 fulfilled the criteria for neurosyphilis.’
- ‘However, its accuracy is limited by the experience of the operator performing the test, the number of live treponemes in the lesion, and the presence of nonpathologic treponemes in oral or anal lesions.’
- ‘Today the treponeme produces a much slower, chronic form of the disease.’
- ‘In 46 of 118 cases, researchers found treponemes that were resistant to azithromycin.’
Early 20th century: from modern Latin Treponema, from Greek trepein ‘to turn’ + nēma ‘thread’.
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