Definition of trench fever in English:

trench fever


mass noun
  • A highly contagious rickettsial disease transmitted by lice, that infested soldiers in the trenches in the First World War.

    • ‘Body lice may transmit typhus and trench fever.’
    • ‘Owen, who was suffering from trench fever, edited the hospital magazine The Hydra (a pun on Hydro) and nervously approached Sassoon to ask him to sign several copies of The Old Huntsman.’
    • ‘He was saved only by trench fever, a form of typhoid spread by lice.’
    • ‘Body lice are associated with severe systemic diseases such as typhus and trench fever.’
    • ‘Although not lethal, trench fever could incapacitate a soldier, ‘and accounted for about 15% of all cases of sickness in the British Army.’’
    • ‘The body louse, Pediculus humanus corporis, is a vector of epidemic typhus, trench fever, and relapsing fever.’
    • ‘Mr Davis - who escaped the bloody battle of the Somme in 1916 because he contracted trench fever - was the oldest survivor of the war, said the World War One Veterans' Association.’
    • ‘Diarrhoea and vomiting affected everyone, as did the fiery aches and pains of trench fever, or ‘pyrrhexia of unknown origin’ as Captain Ivoro insisted on calling it.’
    • ‘Tolkien himself, a signals officer who served in the Battle of the Somme, was invalided home with trench fever after five months.’
    • ‘B quintana, transmitted by the human body louse, causes trench fever, characterised by fever, rash, bone pain, and splenomegaly.’
    • ‘Tolkien knew this tragedy well, having spent months on a World War I battlefield before succumbing to trench fever and witnessing the death of all but one of his closest friends.’
    • ‘He died in 1917 from trench fever caught second-hand from an interviewee just back from the front.’


trench fever