Definition of trauma in English:

trauma

Pronunciation /ˈtrɔːmə//ˈtraʊmə/

noun

  • 1A deeply distressing or disturbing experience.

    ‘a personal trauma like the death of a child’
    mass noun ‘many experience the trauma of divorce’
    • ‘I, too, experienced the traumas of trying to enter the world of journalism.’
    • ‘This act was deeply unpopular, and implicated Ford in the traumas of Watergate.’
    • ‘But such traumas only occur after exhaustive efforts to achieve co-operation with dignity have failed.’
    • ‘It can be triggered by peer pressure, media pressure or sudden traumas such as divorce or death.’
    • ‘Did you have an unusually bad high-school experience, or was it just the usual teen traumas?’
    • ‘She has a dark, dark secret that would twist the mind of any cat that has experienced the traumas she has, and seen the things she's seen.’
    • ‘The effects of the traumas experienced by Holocaust survivors persist more than 50 years later.’
    • ‘Students are encouraged to experience university challenges as traumas.’
    • ‘We work with a variety of young people and families, many have experienced traumas, different forms of abuse.’
    • ‘No nation has experienced the traumas that have repeatedly befallen the Jewish nation.’
    • ‘The majority of these power-hungry leaders are trying to make up for sins in their own lives or for the past traumas and hurts they have experienced.’
    • ‘A generation for whom all these realities are new, and yet are exposed to the traumas in such an unfiltered way, is bound to be deeply troubled.’
    • ‘This evolutionary process has not been without its traumas.’
    • ‘In my work I often see people who have suffered terrible traumas but never as immediately as this.’
    • ‘Persons suffering from traumas such as strokes or serious accidents are vulnerable due to the wait.’
    • ‘He hints at family traumas, but is suspicious of pop stars who ‘pour their hearts out with media training’.’
    • ‘More traumas like this and I might actually have to use one.’
    • ‘Given the traumas of his previous runs this season, I won't be recommending a bet…’
    • ‘Okay, as far as phobia-causing childhood traumas go, I'm sure there are worse.’
    • ‘His experience of the traumas and the issues of the civil war of the 1260s informed his approach to English affairs when he became king.’
    torment, agony, suffering, pain
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    1. 1.1mass noun Emotional shock following a stressful event or a physical injury, which may lead to long-term neurosis.
      ‘the event is relived with all the accompanying trauma’
      • ‘It is not confined to those who suffer emotional trauma or who are diagnosed as being mentally ill.’
      • ‘The traumas of reversing this process are still being felt some 10 years after the systems were abolished.’
      • ‘The goal of this author and her family is to give a voice for the long term victims of trauma.’
      • ‘No thought is given to the physical, mental, and emotional trauma suffered by the victim.’
      • ‘The trauma of the ordeal led her to move to another house as she feared for her safety.’
      • ‘Many suffer emotional trauma from the shock of leaving home and being forced into a relationship too early.’
      • ‘These testimonies are then separated from other traumas and suffering across the globe.’
      • ‘Aside from what was later termed emotional trauma, the divers were returned unharmed.’
      • ‘It was the custody that caused the mother and son to suffer the severe emotional trauma that led to the suicide, she added.’
      • ‘She told the conference that injuries she couldn't show were the emotional and mental trauma.’
      • ‘Psychologists said the child, who was immediately placed in foster care, would suffer long-term trauma.’
      • ‘Many Australian veterans have suffered from the long-term effects of trauma.’
      • ‘While such events can lead to considerable psychological trauma and distress, they may also inure a young mind to violence.’
      • ‘I hope that her family will be able to spend some quality time with her, but it will not be easy in the long run to cope with such emotional trauma.’
      • ‘Our service-men and women would probably suffer the same kind of traumas which have hit combatants from past conflicts.’
      • ‘In my opinion, the causes are related to depression, emotional trauma and extremely low self-esteem.’
      • ‘Psychological trauma and long term emotional damage were major concerns.’
      • ‘This proud young man has already experienced the physical pain and emotional trauma inflicted by this government.’
      • ‘For many Muslims, it has been a haven where they could come to heal the traumas and persecution they experienced in their home countries.’
      • ‘This is in addition to the increased shock and trauma such events would have upon the release of these men.’
      shock, upheaval, distress, stress, strain, pain, anguish, suffering, upset, agony, misery, sorrow, grief, heartache, heartbreak, torture
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  • 2Medicine
    mass noun Physical injury.

    ‘rupture of the diaphragm caused by blunt trauma’
    • ‘The county medical examiner said the boy died of blunt force trauma, a fractured skull and bruised brain.’
    • ‘All blunt orbital trauma should be taken seriously even when an injury is apparently trivial.’
    • ‘A foreign body usually presents with a history of trauma and an entrance wound that will not heal.’
    • ‘The common abdominal injuries after blunt trauma are those to the spleen, liver, and kidneys.’
    • ‘Other causes are trauma, iatrogenic injury, popliteal aneurysm, and aortic dissection.’
    injury, damage, hurt, wound, wounding, sore, bruise, cut, laceration, lesion, abrasion, contusion
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Origin

Late 17th century: from Greek, literally ‘wound’.

Pronunciation

trauma

/ˈtrɔːmə//ˈtraʊmə/