Definition of translocate in English:

translocate

verb

[WITH OBJECT]technical
  • 1 Move from one place to another:

    ‘translocating rhinos to other reserves’
    [no object] ‘the cell bodies translocate into the other side of the brain’
    • ‘There have been cases of young translocated elephants goring rhino and attacking cars.’
    • ‘Whenever the Department of Conservation translocates birds and other species, whenever it opens a new facility, there are karakia from tohunga and ministers.’
    • ‘But studies carried out in recent years have highlighted a range of problems faced by translocated monkeys.’
    • ‘The up to 50 birds to be translocated will be sourced from Codfish Island and a number of captive holding sites, and will be fully health screened prior to departure.’
    • ‘Breeding of the deer is so successful that every fortnight at least 15 to 20 of them are translocated to the Srisailam and other forests.’
    migrant, migrating, translocating, relocating, moving, travelling
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Biochemistry Physiology [with object] Transport (a dissolved substance) within an organism, especially in the phloem of a plant, or actively across a cell membrane:
      ‘acidic and basic residues are translocated across the membrane’
      [no object] ‘the protein translocates to the membrane’
      • ‘During the first phase, the proteins are translocated within the first 10 minutes of stress which is accompanied by cortical reinforcement.’
      • ‘Of special interest are those ions that serve as catalytic substrates of membrane enzymes but are not translocated through the membrane.’
      • ‘The peptide penetratin has recently been shown to translocate across neural cell membranes without damaging them, even when coupled to drugs.’
      • ‘Membrane proteins are translocated by an SRP-dependent or spontaneous pathway.’
      • ‘The composition of this membrane is not known and nor is there any information about the mechanism by which proteins are translocated across this additional membrane.’
    2. 1.2Genetics [with object] Move (a portion of a chromosome) to a new position on the same or another chromosome:
      ‘chromosomes become lost, duplicated, or translocated with a high frequency’
      • ‘These chromosome pieces contain the same genes involved in the original translocation and they can translocate to the other chromosome producing the same fusion gene.’
      • ‘Their ancestral array could have existed on the autosomes of the progenitor of the A. gambiae complex, from which some repeats were translocated onto the Y chromosome.’
      • ‘Genes that may have translocated as a block are marked with a thick horizontal line’
      • ‘To allow for the next round of transcription initiation RNA polymerase has to translocate about 60 base pairs.’
      • ‘Moreover, the susceptibility to high recombination is preserved even if the specific region is translocated to a new chromosomal position.’
      • ‘Studies of genes translocated to heterochromatin have provided insight into the factors that control chromatin states.’

Pronunciation:

translocate

/ˈtranslə(ʊ)keɪt/