Definition of transcendentalism in English:

transcendentalism

noun

mass noun
  • 1TranscendentalismAn idealistic philosophical and social movement which developed in New England around 1836 in reaction to rationalism. Influenced by romanticism, Platonism, and Kantian philosophy, it taught that divinity pervades all nature and humanity, and its members held progressive views on feminism and communal living. Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were central figures.

    • ‘Thoreau's collection of essays reflects the philosophy of American Transcendentalism in practice.’
    • ‘We honor Ralph Waldo Emerson, but where does Transcendentalism figure in anybody's life today?’
    • ‘As such, taking many cues from Transcendentalism (a movement started in the early 19th century) I don't think any oaths are necessary.’
    • ‘Emerson's Transcendentalism drew on German idealism and English pastoral poetry.’
    • ‘Emerson's ‘The Transcendentalist’ stands as a manifesto of this philosophical movement, in which he explicitly identifies Transcendentalism as a form of philosophical Idealism.’
  • 2A system developed by Immanuel Kant, based on the idea that, in order to understand the nature of reality, one must first examine and analyse the reasoning process which governs the nature of experience.

    • ‘The hermeneutic paradigm the Kantian narrative was designed to protect can best be put in terms of transcendentalism.’
    • ‘Heidegger had become increasingly impatient with Husserl's transcendentalism and Husserl was unwilling or unable to see any philosophical merit in Heidegger's ‘fundamental ontology’.’
    • ‘In fact, from our perspective the transcendentalism of temporality is destroyed most decisively by the fact that it is now impossible to measure labor, either by convention or by calculation.’
    • ‘The idealism of transcendentalism gave way to existential angst a long time ago.’
    • ‘It was there that he drew upon basic ideas common to transcendentalism but used them in support of traditional theology rather than as a substitute.’

Pronunciation

transcendentalism

/transɛnˈdɛnt(ə)lɪz(ə)m//ˌtrɑːnsɛnˈdɛnt(ə)lɪz(ə)m/