One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Translation into another language; concrete a translation. Now nonstandard.
2Chiefly Theology. Transmission, especially of the soul or of original sin, to one's offspring or posterity; derivation from ancestry or heredity; descent.
3More generally: the action or fact of transmitting or conveying something; transmission (in later use especially of culture, tradition, etc.); transfer, conveyance; passing on, handing down. Now rare.
4The action or an act of traducing or defaming someone or something; defamation, slander, calumny, traducement.
5Logic. A process of making inferences about a particular instance, which proceeds by equivalences or equalities rather than by going from specific to general (as in induction) or from general to specific (as often in deduction). Now rare.
Early 16th century (in an earlier sense). From (i) Middle French traduction (French traduction) action of delivering, rhetorical figure involving repetition of a word or of related words, the action of translating into another language, the translated text (both 1540).
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