Definition of Tosk in English:

Tosk

noun

  • 1A member of one of the main ethnic groups of Albania, living mainly in the south of the country.

    • ‘Prior to 1920, most of the Albanians who migrated to the United States were Orthodox Tosks from the city of Korce in southern Albania.’
    • ‘Both Ghegs and Tosks speak the same language but pronounce it with some difference.’
    • ‘The River Shkumbi forms the rough border between the two groups, with the Ghegs occupying the area to the north and the Tosks the area to the south.’
    • ‘Although dialect and cultural differences between the Ghegs and Tosks can be substantial, both sides identify strongly with the common national and ethnic culture.’
    • ‘These two groups are separated from one another by the Shkumbin River which runs east and west, separating the Ghegs and the Tosks north and south respectively.’
    • ‘The Ghegs live in the northern half of the country, and the Tosks live in the south.’
    • ‘According to respondents the Tosks from Southern Albania are better educated and highly cultured.’
    • ‘Under Communism, southern Tosks had always been well represented in the government and had often dominated it.’
    • ‘Ghegs were twice as likely to self-identify as compared to Tosks, this probably being a consequence of the decades long alienation of Ghegs by the former communist regime.’
    • ‘Let's not forget that the southern Albanians, the Tosks, are related to Hellenes from the anthropological and national point of view.’
    • ‘In the case of Albania, this meant the Tosks of south Albania and the Ghegs of north Albania.’
    • ‘The Gegs and Tosks use distinct dialects and there are also linguistic variations within subgroups.’
    • ‘Anyway, if Tosks do have them, I'd like to learn about them.’
    • ‘After 1945, most political leaders were Tosks, and the government tried to make the Tosk dialect the standard.’
  • 2[mass noun] The dialect of Albanian spoken by the Tosk, with about 4 million speakers, forming the basis for standard Albanian.

    Compare with gheg
    • ‘Today, Albanian is spoken in two major dialects (with many subdialects) in Albania and in neighboring Kosova - Tosk (about two-thirds of the population) and Gheg (the remaining one-third).’

adjective

  • Relating to the Tosk or their dialect.

    • ‘Hence, Albanian nationalist intellectuals stressed linguistic nationalism in their attempts to build an Albanian national consciousness, an effort made difficult because of the Gheg / Tosk division.’
    • ‘In 1952, a standardized Albanian language was adopted, which is a mixture of Gheg and Tosk but with a prevailing Tosk element.’
    • ‘After 1945, most political leaders were Tosks, and the government tried to make the Tosk dialect the standard.’
    • ‘In addition to the standard Albanian terms (mostly similar to the Tosk dialect), Elsie often provides us with the variant forms of Gegerishte (the Gheg dialect of northern Albania).’
    • ‘This Standard Albanian is based about 80 percent on Tosk dialect forms, reflecting the structure of political power at that time in communist Albania.’

Origin

From Albanian Toskë.

Pronunciation:

Tosk

/tɒsk/