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1The arrangement of the natural and artificial physical features of an area.‘the topography of the island’
landscape, countryside, country, terrain, Topography, setting, surroundings, environmentView synonyms
- ‘They also recognize a broad variety of contexts, including physical topography, other human landscape artefacts and religious or cultural beliefs about the landscape.’
- ‘To evade mountain lions and other predators they need both steep topography and open terrain.’
- ‘Talpacific Holidays is putting the boot into New Zealand with escorted walking tours through some of the country's most spectacular topography and active wildlife areas.’
- ‘The volcanic vista in Lava Lake also features designed topography, including striped atolls from which astronautlike figures survey the swirling red seas of their planet.’
- ‘Vernal pools are shallow depressions in the natural topography that have hard pan, impermeable hard pan, beneath them and when the winter rains come they fill with water.’
- ‘Squares and rectangles are the main planning module and these warp into parallelograms to accommodate the natural topography.’
- ‘The reservoir is an example of using natural topography for rainwater harvesting.’
- ‘At the time, project planners were hell-bent on sticking a shopping center underneath the school, and they carved away much of the natural topography in the process.’
- ‘The islands' topography includes such diverse features as active volcanos, grassy pastures, and endless stretches of beach.’
- ‘This use of the available topography provided natural insulation that kept the cellars an even, cool temperature.’
- ‘However, there is a potential for increased tourism because of the natural beauty and varied topography and because the country is unspoiled and inexpensive.’
- ‘It lies on a chalk knoll, its natural topography having been sculptured and modelled through successive phases of construction and reconstruction.’
- ‘Its blast was bigger than ‘Little Boy's’ but its impact was reduced by the natural topography of the city.’
- ‘The crescent of land that crowns Michigan's lower peninsula offers perfect topography, soil, views and weather.’
- ‘The weather and seasons in the Greater Middle East, and related matters of terrain and topography, present a very mixed and varied picture.’
- ‘In most of the landscape, these form areas of relatively featureless topography as they are easily eroded.’
- ‘Of course, Stane Street was not totally straight: it had to take into account the undulations and natural barriers of British topography.’
- ‘The site plan responds to the site's topography, respecting natural arroyos and ridges.’
- ‘‘It was a great site to work with, with natural topography and sand and gravel, which really allowed us to go crazy,’ said Eitelman.’
- ‘Situated 20 km from the centre of Budapest in rolling countryside, the track climbs and falls around the natural topography.’
- 1.1[count noun]A detailed description or representation on a map of the physical features of an area.
- ‘The study begins with a detailed topography of Augsburg's taverns, locating them firmly in the urban landscape.’
- ‘Exploration, like with Knights of the Old Republic, is performed in fully rendered 3D environments that are loaded with tons of detail, assorted interactive personalities, and large open range topographies.’
- ‘Shaking his head, he crossed over and took out a topography map.’
- ‘To remove high frequency noise, the topographies were processed by a Gaussian spatial filter (Ï = 1.5, 21 × 21 matrix).’
- ‘By training the telescope on the edge of the sun, the researchers depicted the three-dimensional topographies of the granules, which last 6 to 10 minutes.’
- ‘He called up a topography map of the area and overlaid the data from the tornado's path on it.’
- ‘A casual viewer might think that the artist has painstakingly built up these colorful topographies with paint alone.’
- ‘And this percentage is even greater when aerial topographies are used.’
- ‘Their parallel arts of word and legend encompass the omniglot signifiers of religious, political, military, philosophical, technical rural, urban, economic, generational, and ethnic topographies.’
- ‘What resembles from afar a tarp-covered car turns out, on closer inspection, to be a brown cloth hillock stitched with an abstract topography.’
- ‘She has long been creating terrestrial and aerial topographies, and the installation anticipates her own design for the Roman museum itself (scheduled for completion in 2004).’
- ‘Detailed maps that include topography, back roads and waterways as small as creeks are a must.’
- ‘The argument is built on speculative interpretations of bones, artifacts, and site topographies each of which can be replaced by alternative interpretations.’
- ‘The exhibition studies immigration patterns in the region as well as the blend of the urban, suburban and wilderness topographies of West Coast cities.’
The distribution of parts or features on the surface of or within an organ or organism.
- ‘A computer, programmed with the patient's refraction and corneal topography, controls the laser beam to precisely remove corneal tissue.’
- ‘Various topographies in phospholipid bilayers, such as vacancies/holes, protrusions, channels, and blisters have been imaged by AFM.’
- ‘The surface topography of the silicified microbe is controlled by the size and distribution of the opal-A spheres.’
- ‘Second, the cellular surface topography is different.’
- ‘The outcome of infection depends mainly on the severity and topography of histological gastritis, which may be determined by the age at which infection is acquired.’
- ‘Pattern formation in either or both membrane composition and topography at the junction between a cell or a lipid vesicle and a surface, has been noted for decades.’
- ‘Studies in migrant Asians comparing body fat topography with that in Caucasians have confirmed similar findings.’
- ‘They use a surface topography conducive to generating new bone growth.’
- ‘The use of atomic force microscopy has recently allowed measurement of the endothelial surface topography in vitro for the first time.’
Late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek topographia, from topos place + -graphia (see -graphy).
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