Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
verb[NO OBJECT]literary, archaic
Drink alcohol to excess, especially on a regular basis.‘he was toping the while from a flagon of sack’intoxicated, inebriated, drunken, befuddled, incapable, tipsy, the worse for drink, under the influence, maudlinView synonyms
Mid 17th century: perhaps an alteration of obsolete top ‘overbalance’; perhaps from Dutch toppen slant or tilt a ship's yard.
- another term for stupa
From Punjabi thūp, thop barrow, mound, apparently related to Sanskrit stūpa.
(in South Asia) a grove or plantation of trees, especially mango trees.
plantation, farm, holdingView synonyms
- ‘In 1894, Rice reported that there were about 2000 topes with about 100,000 trees in the entire Bangalore District.’
From Telugu tōpu or Tamil tōppu.
A small greyish slender-bodied shark, occurring chiefly in inshore waters.
- ‘None of us knew how to handle a shark or tope of this size and I feared for a serious injury if we landed it.’
- ‘The sea angling season to date has seen an improvement on last year with big catches of tope and codling reported.’
- ‘Scottish waters see incoming tope from June, with peak numbers later in August, though September can be very good.’
- ‘The tope is closely related to the blue shark and shares many of the features of this fish.’
- ‘Ireland also holds a wealth of beach and rock fishing with the tope more evenly spread than on the UK mainland.’
- ‘These roll around until they hit the reef where the baits are and add smell to the water to help the tope home in on your baits.’
- ‘On the other hand, I have been invited to fly-fish for pollock and tope off the Mull of Galloway in a couple of weeks.’
- ‘By casting uptide anglers started to double the numbers of cod, tope and rays caught in many other areas’
- ‘What looked like a cross between a tope and a bull huss looked decidedly unhappy and I had to run over and get a glimpse of the biggest fish I had ever seen taken from the shore.’
- ‘The tope shark is considered harmless to humans because of its small size and its preference for small prey items.’
- ‘Chunking in the vicinity of fish means blue sharks, tope and spurdogs.’
Late 17th century: perhaps of Cornish origin.
Are you looking for a word for a foolish person? We explore twelve interesting words to describe the dunderheads in your life.
Before you run for the hills, let’s run through a list of ‘run’ expressions that are running through our minds.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.