One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A Eurasian plant that is parasitic on the roots of hazel and beech, with a thick rhizome bearing rows of toothlike scales.
Lathraea squamaria, family Scrophulariaceae (or Orobanchaceae)
- ‘Garlic mustard shares the same territory and season as bloodroot, Dutchman's breeches, spring-beauty, wild ginger, hepaticas, toothworts, trilliums, and others that suffer at its hands - or roots.’
- ‘The native hosts of P. napi oleraceae and P. virginiensis are toothworts Cardamine concatenata [Dentaria laciniata] and Cardamine [Dentaria] diphylla.’
- ‘The toothwort in your picture is broadleaf toothwort, also known as crinkleroot toothwort.’
- ‘This unusual toothwort, found in moist rich (often alkaline) woods from Maine south to Kentucky, is thought to be a sterile hybrid between D. diphylla and D. laciniata.’
- ‘Blm-mfo will closely monitor the plantings of toothwort as part of a long-term adaptive management plan.’
- ‘In the spring, the flood plane and lower slopes are covered with trillium, violets, toothworts, and other blooms.’
- ‘Upon entering the early April woods, however, the visitor will find instead a blanket of thousands of cut-leaved toothworts.’
- ‘It competes with native wildflowers that also flower in the spring, like spring beauty, wild ginger, bloodroot, Dutchman's breeches, hepatica, toothworts, and trilliums, stealing light, moisture, nutrients, soil and space.’
- ‘Invasions of garlic mustard are causing local extirpations of the toothworts, and chemicals in garlic mustard appear to be toxic to the eggs of the butterfly, as evidenced by their failure to hatch when laid on garlic mustard plants.’
- ‘Toothwort (also commonly called cut-leaved toothwort) is a Missouri native spring wildflower which occurs in rich woods and wooded slopes throughout the State and typically grows 8-15’ tall.’
- ‘Once garlic mustard moves into an area, Feely said, it steals light, water and space from spring beauty, wild ginger, bloodroot, toothworts, trilliums and other native wildflowers.’
- ‘Among them are Dutchman's breeches, spring-beauty, and various species of toothwort, trillium, and violet.’
- ‘Sheltering the camera, I take a shot in the woods with toothworts and white trillium and falling snow.’
- ‘Oaks toothwort is an interesting native wildflower with rhizomatous growth and erect stems from 10-30 cm tall.’
- ‘The forest has not been cut for 300 years, and I found myself surrounded by ground flora such as Solomon's seal, lily of the valley, yellow wood anemone, toothwort, asarabacca, herb paris and hepatica.’
- ‘The first delicate white toothworts appear in the woods at the end of January, and the bold yellow acacia blooms suddenly startle us in the first days of February.’
- ‘All of these important food crops are in the same family as the native toothworts.’
- ‘Mountain forests with rich soils with an a abundance of wildflowers especially toothworts (Cardimine spp.) the host plant.’
- ‘Garlic mustard displaces toothworts, and is toxic to the eggs of the butterfly.’
- ‘Cardamine diphylla and C. concatenata (toothworts) are beginning their peak flowering period.’
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