Definition of tonalite in English:

tonalite

noun

Geology
  • [mass noun] A coarse-grained plutonic rock consisting chiefly of sodic plagioclase, quartz, and hornblende or other mafic minerals.

    ‘fields of tonalite’
    [count noun] ‘the margins are invaded by mantle-derived tonalites’
    • ‘Permian and Triassic plutonic complexes comprise monzonite, granite, granodiorite or tonalite with minor gabbro and diorite.’
    • ‘There are enormous intrusions into many of these terrains; layered anorthosites, dyke swarms of basalts, and complexes of tonalite or diorite intrusions also occur.’
    • ‘These plutons generally contain a variety of rock types, ranging from appinites and diorites through tonalites, granodiorites and rare syenites to ademellites and granites.’
    • ‘The tonalite is characterized by a strong fabric defined by aligned plagioclase, hornblende and biotite that is interpreted to be a magmatic state deformation fabric formed during emplacement.’
    • ‘The tonalite is gneissic, banded on a decimetre scale, and loaded with discrete mafic enclaves, metasedimentary xenoliths and garnet, feldspar and rutile xenocrysts, such that the body has a migmatitic appearance.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from Tonale Pass, northern Italy, + -ite.

Pronunciation:

tonalite

/ˈtɒn(ə)lʌɪt/