One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A form of government in which possession of property is required in order to hold office.
- ‘Democracy and its perversion, timocracy, are both characterized by the rule of the majority, and all who have the property qualification count as equals.’
- ‘These days we have moved on from a timocracy, but you'll still find plenty examples of the John Jay mentality here.’
- ‘This happens because of the treasuries of gold that the individuals in the timocracy have.’
- ‘It has similar features to timocracy, but it is different to it in many ways.’
- ‘After this, Socrates goes on to show that there are four types of regimes, listed in the order of most just to least just: aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny.’
2A form of government in which rulers are motivated by ambition or love of honour.
Late 15th century: from Old French timocracie, via medieval Latin from Greek timokratia, from timē ‘honour, worth’ + -kratia ‘power’. timocracy (sense 1) reflects Aristotle's usage, timocracy (sense 2) Plato's.
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