One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A form of government in which possession of property is required in order to hold office.
- ‘It has similar features to timocracy, but it is different to it in many ways.’
- ‘These days we have moved on from a timocracy, but you'll still find plenty examples of the John Jay mentality here.’
- ‘Democracy and its perversion, timocracy, are both characterized by the rule of the majority, and all who have the property qualification count as equals.’
- ‘After this, Socrates goes on to show that there are four types of regimes, listed in the order of most just to least just: aristocracy, timocracy, oligarchy, democracy and tyranny.’
- ‘This happens because of the treasuries of gold that the individuals in the timocracy have.’
2A form of government in which rulers are motivated by ambition or love of honour.
Late 15th century: from Old French timocracie, via medieval Latin from Greek timokratia, from timē ‘honour, worth’ + -kratia ‘power’. timocracy (sense 1) reflects Aristotle's usage, timocracy (sense 2) Plato's.
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