Definition of thrombocytopenia in English:



mass nounMedicine
  • Deficiency of platelets in the blood. This causes bleeding into the tissues, bruising, and slow blood clotting after injury.

    • ‘Splenomegaly or giant hemangioma can result in thrombocytopenia because of platelet sequestration.’
    • ‘Purpura may be secondary to thrombocytopenia, platelet dysfunction, coagulation factor deficiency or vascular defect.’
    • ‘Chronic inhalation abuse may also cause bone marrow depression resulting in leukopenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukemia, and hemolysis.’
    • ‘Anemia with thrombocytopenia indicates leukemia, systemic lupus erythematosus or aplastic anemia.’
    • ‘Hemolytic-uremic syndrome is characterized by the triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute renal injury.’


1920s: from thrombocyte + Greek penia ‘poverty’.