One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
- ‘thou art fair, O my beloved’
- ‘But curb thou the high spirit in thy breast, for gentle ways are best, and keep aloof from sharp contentions.’
- ‘However, a scripture I had learned as a child took on a whole new meaning: ‘What is man that thou art mindful of him?’’
- ‘The concept is anticipated in the Gospels: ‘And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?’’
- ‘In Solomon's Song the interrogators ask the bride, ‘What is thy beloved more than another beloved, O thou fairest among women?’’
- ‘Since thou hast spurned the grace of God and made thyself unworthy of the office of preaching, we rightly deprive you of this office.’
In modern English, the personal pronoun you (together with the possessives your and yours) covers a number of uses: it is both singular and plural, both objective and subjective, and both formal and familiar. This has not always been the case. In Old English and Middle English some of these different functions of you were supplied by different words. Thus, thou was at one time the singular subjective case (thou art a beast), while thee was the singular objective case (he cares not for thee). In addition, the form thy (modern equivalent your) was the singular possessive determiner and thine (modern equivalent yours) the singular possessive pronoun, both corresponding to thee. The forms you and ye, on the other hand, were at one time reserved for plural uses. By the 19th century these forms were universal in standard English for both singular and plural, polite and familiar. In present-day use thou, thee, thy, and thine survive in some traditional dialects but otherwise are found only in archaic contexts
Old English thu, of Germanic origin; related to German du, from an Indo-European root shared by Latin tu.
1A thousand.‘two hundred thou’
- ‘Right now, it comes to $314,742.92, although, being the loving and generous parent that I am, I'll call it an even three hundred thou.’
- ‘The 6th Guards Army alone lost up to 30 thous of killed and wounded at Kursk.’
- ‘The enemy lost about 500 thous men, 1,500 tanks including the latest Tigers, Panthers, and Ferdinands; 3 thous artillery pieces and over 3,700 airplanes.’
- ‘‘I only got two hundred thou,’ he growled as he slapped a chit card on the bar.’
- ‘I've got about a hundred sixty thou split out in three CD's and another twenty-five in a mutual fund.’
- ‘I would give my sister and brother an amount, a couple of thou I guess, because I'm sure they would give me some if they won.’
- ‘Over 500 thous people used to serve in the division.’
- ‘He will give us a hundred thou just for bringing her in alive!’
- ‘It was close to ten o'clock when I reached the house I wanted: mid-range for this neighborhood, less than three hundred thou, but they'd added a pool since.’
- ‘A couple hundred thou would make a lot of my problems easier to handle.’
- ‘But a few thou to the school library each year seemed to shut the administration up.’
- ‘I hated to see it go, but it's not like I can't find another beater for under a thou.’
- 1.1 One thousandth of an inch.
Mid 19th century: abbreviation.
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