Definition of this in English:

this

pronoun

  • 1Used to identify a specific person or thing close at hand or being indicated or experienced.

    ‘is this your bag?’
    ‘he soon knew that this was not the place for him’
    • ‘The identity of the winner made this seem a more interesting game than it actually was.’
    • ‘Please photocopy this and pass copies on to anyone else that you feel may wish to come along.’
    • ‘As soon as medicine starts to be sold, these are the questions that have to be asked.’
    • ‘The only way to deal with this is to mobilise the army.’
    • ‘If you are looking for a quick introduction to Jung's life and work, this is not for you.’
    • ‘The administration will lose a lot of respect in my eyes if this goes ahead.’
    • ‘We do not do fashion and since this is an export house, we are not allowed to sell locally.’
    • ‘Does this have anything to do with the large Mexican-American population in the area?’
    • ‘Given the tiny numbers afflicted by these rare diseases, this is surely nonsense.’
    • ‘In our experience, it is solving problems like these that consumes time and energy.’
    • ‘Well keep these in your overnight bag so if you have a couple hours wait you always have a nibble handy.’
    • ‘Above all, this is music to impress the listener with the power of the Church and its Maker.’
    • ‘Pack all these in a convenient bag which you can have with you at all times.’
    • ‘All these were early indicators of the possibilities of sport as a vehicle for fame.’
    • ‘I like these more - they're happier than your other works.’
    • ‘If you are daring you could try these with a dash of Chinese rice wine.’
    • ‘I've always shied away from cruises, but this is not cruising in the accepted sense.’
    • ‘The unifying factor in all this is her desire to give audiences a sensuous experience.’
    • ‘All in all, these are factors which indicate that the insiders are the wage determiners of society.’
    • ‘There were extreme examples of sink schools that had to be closed down, but these were very few and far between.’
    unnamed, unstated, unidentified, unquantified, undesignated, undefined, unfixed, undecided, undetermined, uncertain, uncounted
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    1. 1.1 Used to introduce someone or something.
      ‘this is the captain speaking’
      ‘listen to this’
      • ‘This is Andrew Griffin of Mariquita Farm with ‘Life On The Farm’.’
      • ‘Hi, this is Laura, is Eliza there?’
      • ‘We have a clip of her when she appeared on the news, let's watch this for a moment.’
    2. 1.2 Referring to the nearer of two things close to the speaker (the other, if specified, being identified by ‘that’)
      ‘this is different from that’
      • ‘Ma, what goes first, this or that?’
      • ‘The first one is a good book but I think this is better.’
  • 2Referring to a specific thing just mentioned.

    ‘the company was transformed and Ward had played a vital role in bringing this about’
    • ‘If you still have their attention after this, then they might put you in the studio to do a demo track or two.’
    • ‘I was brought up on tales of Brits exploring the world and this has always inspired me.’
    • ‘Even if you've never experienced the healing powers of massage this is a good time to start.’
    • ‘He managed to leave a message for her to get in contact with him but this was never passed on.’
    • ‘I've ridden plenty of different suspension bikes and this is up there with the best.’
    • ‘I mentioned this to someone at work today and they looked at me like I was a space alien.’
    • ‘He was my dearest and closest friend and I know that this is exactly what he would have wanted.’
    • ‘There are a number of cases which are referred to here and most of these speak for themselves.’
    • ‘He is very angry but the only sign of this is the white knuckles gripping the chair.’
    • ‘Men like Dashwood and Knight had a serious commitment to the arts and the role of these in developing taste.’
    • ‘Those photos came out well and it was these that helped me get a role in movies.’
    • ‘This is not a role model, this is a terrifying ideologue and a fundamentalist, if you will.’
    • ‘Until now the cars ran with different engine specifications, but these have now been finalised.’
    • ‘She sounds like she's having fun singing it and this translates well to the listener.’
    • ‘However, the alternative is to close schools and this is not what local people want to happen.’
    • ‘If you have only one trump, or two trumps one of which is the two, you may pass these to partner and then fold.’
    • ‘Therefore I have written a song to draw attention to this and to get the issues across to the kids.’
    • ‘My first word of advice is to follow your instincts and experiment, as this is the only way you will learn.’
    • ‘If your contracts do not mention this, you will not be able to search employees.’
    • ‘While moderate drinking is said to bring health benefits, these are not nearly as great as they are made out to be.’
    • ‘The conclusion to be drawn from all this is that a quiet revolution is starting.’
    • ‘They build the car in their Turin plant, and this brings the expected levels of quality.’
    • ‘Perhaps you might entice a friend to some along with you and mention this to him or her.’
    • ‘There are already strict controls in place but these need to be tightened and loopholes need to be closed.’
    • ‘There are counter arguments to this idea, and it would only be fair to mention these also.’
    • ‘So, the offshoot of all this is I stayed in and watched the Eurovision Song Contest.’
    • ‘I only mention this now because the tabloid battle lines have already been redrawn.’

determiner

  • 1Used to identify a specific person or thing close at hand or being indicated or experienced.

    ‘don't listen to this guy’
    ‘these croissants are delicious’
    • ‘Who was this guy who would challenge me on my sexism and point out the inaccuracies in my argument?’
    • ‘Somehow, you sense this guy will not be the lucky winner pocketing a ticket to the States.’
    • ‘As he indicates in these quotations, his studies at Cambridge were unusually broad.’
    • ‘The Hunter is laughing now and pushes the door open and I stare out at this guy blankly.’
    • ‘Experience soon proved that these snorkels were generally leaky and not much good.’
    • ‘If ever there was somebody who looked like an all-action-hero pilot, it was this guy.’
    • ‘His face was of an inviting kind, so warm and friendly that you felt you knew this guy as soon as you met him.’
    • ‘He came out dragging his bag of maize along the ground and this guy appeared to help carry it for him.’
    • ‘By the time this speaker has ended we will have finished the main phase of the plan.’
    • ‘This young man has at his command expertise that to these old and experienced eyes is hard to come by.’
    • ‘There are no quotation marks to indicate these lines are by another author than Burns.’
    • ‘I looked closer and they were shouting at this guy who was sitting on the bonnet of a black taxi cab.’
    • ‘I've seen this guy before, eight months ago, in the same basement of the same store.’
    • ‘The etymology of this word indicates a connection with the idea of a household.’
    • ‘So I'm moaning about it, and F asks me what I think of this guy at the end of the bar.’
    1. 1.1 Referring to the nearer of two things close to the speaker (the other, if specified, being identified by ‘that’)
      ‘this one or that one?’
  • 2Referring to a specific thing just mentioned.

    ‘there was a court case resulting from this incident’
    • ‘The catastrophe showed what these weapons can do in the wrong hands.’
    • ‘I only mention these things in case you are ever on holiday in Austria and run into him in a bar.’
    • ‘I mentioned these points so you do not assume she has been left and forgotten like so many others.’
    • ‘When the dossier was produced there was no mention of this important condition.’
    • ‘In fact, none of these practices has been mentioned in state reports or in the debates of the Committee.’
    • ‘As a result of these incidents the fourth claimant resigned from the golf club.’
    • ‘It has to be said, most of the folk mentioning these potential pitfalls are competitors.’
    • ‘I wonder why these facts were not mentioned in the local Liberal-Democrat leaflet.’
    • ‘Thankfully these incidents are rare, but we've had two high profile cases in a short space of time.’
    • ‘Of course these incidents are upsetting to those affected in a way other people cannot understand.’
    • ‘The councillor trying to promote this scheme failed to mention the land is liable to flooding.’
    • ‘Did we mention that each of these classes lasts approximately only one and one half hours?’
    • ‘However, these incidents are not thought to be connected with yesterday's shooting.’
    • ‘Have you noticed that none of the pro-hunting campaigners seem to mention this option?’
    • ‘The police were called as a result of this incident and ammunition was recovered.’
    • ‘Such releases tend not to mention these things, and we fear nobody will tell us.’
    • ‘Have you mentioned these things to your dad?’
    • ‘The origin of the parameter values used in these simulations is mentioned.’
    • ‘We have checked and rechecked and there is no mention of these engines being lost and nothing was ever said about it.’
    • ‘I wouldn't mention this event to you, but it occurred to me that you might have some of my mail.’
  • 3Used with periods of time related to the present.

    ‘I thought you were busy all this week’
    ‘how are you this morning?’
    • ‘Sex is something which is looked at more casually these days and we should use this as an opportunity.’
    • ‘The company says it had to divert services after a spate of incidents this month.’
    • ‘We have new tyre technology here and we had our two drivers on different types of tyre this afternoon.’
    • ‘It's not passed my notice that this weekend promises to be a televisual feast.’
    • ‘The appropriations bill passed the House this week, but has yet to reach the Senate floor.’
    • ‘He will be jettisoned this week if Hall passes a fitness test ahead of the their next game.’
    • ‘What was it with people going out of their way to give me amazing presents this year?’
    • ‘I'm very busy this morning, especially as I have to keep stopping work to get up and look at it.’
    • ‘He hasn't mentioned the funerals this week and they have just got to carry on and do a normal day's work.’
    • ‘Police are urging Cotswold families not to put presents under the tree this Christmas.’
    1. 3.1 Referring to a period of time that has just passed.
      ‘I haven't left my bed these three days’
  • 4informal Used in speech to draw attention to someone or something.

    ‘I turned round and there was this big mummy standing next to us!’
    ‘I've slept in this here bed for forty years’
    • ‘I was talking to this girl at the bar.’
    • ‘There was a pub and there was this second-hand shop next door.’
    • ‘Now, is my mate Bill in this here house?’
    • ‘They had these big houses, big bungalows, and my dad drew them to show my mum what kind of houses they had.’

adverb

  • as submodifier To the degree or extent indicated.

    ‘they can't handle a job this big’
    ‘he's not used to this much attention’
    • ‘If you find it difficult to get this much calcium from your diet, try calcium supplements.’
    • ‘We recognize the need for increased management skills now that the company is this big and this complex.’

Phrases

  • this and that (or this, that, and the other)

    • informal Various unspecified things.

      ‘they stayed up chatting about this and that’
      • ‘As soon as we get through the door she's at it again, having a go at me for this and that.’
      • ‘As there was little else to do, she watched the passing scenery, occasionally asking questions about this, that, and the other.’
      • ‘He does not strongly emphasize the best or best-known artists of the scene, with the result that the survey appears to be loose, a collection of this and that, rather than an effort to isolate value.’
      • ‘Reading the potted biographies of those who made it to the final rounds, you discover that many have already won this and that, conducted here and there and have at least worthy prospects if not, yet, great expectations.’
      • ‘It was nice to sit quietly in the company of loved ones, sip coffee, gaze off into the far horizon and think about this and that.’
      • ‘As soon as it came out, one player read my comments in the paper and was saying this and that afterwards.’
      • ‘We chatted on about this and that while watching the game.’
      • ‘In that time we have differed, sometimes vigorously, on this, that, and the other, but Tony never took things personally and I can say with hand on heart that my friendship with him today is stronger than it has ever previously been.’
      • ‘They have tried to mix the best of east and west, but the result is an indistinguishable mush of this and that.’
      • ‘The day went by rather fast, the group chatted about this, that, and the other.’

Origin

Old English, neuter of thes, of West Germanic origin; related to that and the.

Pronunciation

this

/ðɪs/