Definition of theophylline in English:

theophylline

noun

Chemistry
  • [mass noun] A bitter crystalline compound present in small quantities in tea leaves, isomeric with theobromine.

    • ‘Three very similar compounds - all in this same group of alkaloids - are present in common beverages, namely caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine.’
    • ‘It contains not only caffeine but also theophylline, a compound that can ease the symptoms of a cold.’
    • ‘A number of studies have been conducted with the related compound known as theophylline.’
    • ‘Two related xanthines, theobromine and theophylline, are often present in smaller amounts.’
    • ‘While caffeine primarily is active in the brain and muscles, theophylline is active in stimulating the respiratory system, heart and kidneys.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from modern Latin Thea (former genus name of the tea plant, from Dutch thee) + Greek phullon leaf + -ine.

Pronunciation:

theophylline

/θɪəˈfɪliːn/