Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
cardinal number
1Equivalent to the product of five and two; one more than nine; 10:
‘the last ten years’‘the house comfortably sleeps ten’‘a ten-foot shrub’- ‘She can live like this another five or ten years.’
- ‘The food store had enough food in it to comfortably feed the five of them for ten years.’
- ‘Nine times out of ten when we played each other, they would beat us.’
- ‘One minute of laughing is equivalent to ten minutes on a rowing machine.’
- ‘He scored ten goals in nine games.’
- ‘They just don't have time to go to five or ten different shops.’
- ‘Most courses run for between nine and ten weeks.’
- ‘He was said to be around five feet ten inches tall.’
- ‘Remove the meat and allow to cool for five to ten minutes.’
- ‘I looked at him impassively for about five or ten seconds.’
- ‘Residents have lost between five and ten feet from their gardens.’
- ‘She always sleeps nine or ten hours the night before the race.’
- ‘Toxicology tests will take between five and ten days.’
- ‘Cook the cookies until the glaze is set, which should be for five to ten minutes.’
- ‘When I survey the parking lot, there are maybe five to ten spots vacant.’
- ‘The park is staffed for nine to ten hours a day, six days a week.’
- ‘Clients may choose between promotional plans for three, five and ten years.’
- ‘A good article should be just as relevant five or ten years after it is published.’
- ‘As always at this time of the year, he takes nine or ten weeks off.’
- ‘Leave in the tin for five to ten minutes, then remove and serve.’
- 1.1 A group or unit of ten people or things:‘count in tens’
- ‘People count by tens and machines count by twos.’
- ‘A couple lost tens of thousands of pounds after their close friend admitted fraud.’
- ‘Tens of thousands of people poured onto the streets to topple a corrupt regime.’
- ‘They are the first ten of several dozen commandments delivered to Moses.’
- ‘It's rather odd that time just isn't counted in tens.’
- ‘Over the past few decades tens of thousands of Irish farming families have been forced off the land.’
- ‘Huge sea turtles numbering in the tens of millions flourished in the Caribbean.’
- ‘As the herd is driven slowly past, one man counts the animals in tens while the other writes down the numbers.’
- ‘There is more than enough food in the world to feed everyone, yet tens of thousands of people are starving.’
- ‘The Romans represented units, tens, hundreds, and thousands as separate items in their numbers.’
- ‘If you apply that cost to tens of thousands of devices, you can see the impact.’
- ‘The opinions of tens of thousands of other scientists don't count, because they're all biased.’
- ‘It is the favoured destination for tens of thousands of couples.’
- ‘Companies competed for tens of thousands of new customers.’
- ‘Cattle numbers plummeted from tens of thousands to mere hundreds.’
- ‘We have increased by tens of thousands the number of surgical procedures being carried out in this country.’
- ‘People were trickling across, but in the dozens rather than tens of thousands.’
- ‘Crowds that numbered in their tens of thousands were standing outside the cathedral chanting his name.’
- ‘His army numbers in the tens of thousands.’
- ‘Police chiefs said closing the unit would save taxpayers tens of thousands of pounds.’
- 1.2 Ten years old:‘the boy was no more than ten’
- ‘All boys and girls under ten years of age are welcome to participate.’
- ‘It was amazing to observe how she entertained the children, who ranged in age from three to ten years old.’
- ‘She will now lead the activities for girls aged from seven to ten in the Brownies.’
- ‘A witness had seen a youth, perhaps aged as young as ten or 11, acting suspiciously.’
- ‘The couple have eight children from their previous marriages, ranging in age from ten to 18.’
- ‘She has sons aged ten and six.’
- ‘Membership is open to girls between the ages of seven and ten years of age.’
- ‘The riders are all ages, some maybe under ten years of age.’
- ‘The club hopes to expand membership particular among girls and players aged under ten years old.’
- ‘Athletes must be ten years of age in order to run in the Championship events.’
- ‘She was a single mother of two children aged ten and eleven-years-old.’
- ‘She began her piano studies at the age of ten.’
- ‘I'd put their ages at eight and ten.’
- ‘Mr Wilson got his first camera when he was about nine or ten.’
- ‘They would go canoeing at a time when the children were all under the age of ten.’
- ‘Members organised a fancy dress Hallowe'en party for children under ten years of age in the community centre.’
- ‘My eldest grandson, aged ten, was my golf partner.’
- ‘In her car were six or seven children, all between the ages of ten an thirteen.’
- ‘At about age ten, you and the family set sail for Perth.’
- ‘The courses are usually attended by groups of youngsters - some aged as young as ten.’
- 1.3 Ten o'clock:‘at about ten at night I got a call’
- ‘At ten o'clock sharp every night he would go to a bar or a club.’
- ‘The next train to Cambridge did not leave until ten o'clock the following morning.’
- ‘She works from eight o'clock in the morning to ten o'clock at night, six days a week.’
- ‘They had to work until ten o'clock at night.’
- ‘It was about ten o'clock yesterday evening when the bell tolled.’
- ‘It was ten o'clock at night, but there wasn't much chance of a rest.’
- ‘Glancing at his watch, he realized that it was almost ten o'clock.’
- ‘Hitting the alarm clock he saw it was ten o'clock in the morning.’
- ‘It was ten o'clock on a Friday night, and I could think of better places to be.’
- ‘Arriving back by ten o'clock, we went straight to the sitting room and sat on the sofa.’
- ‘At ten o'clock tonight I cruised home on the back of a scooter taxi.’
- ‘As we plodded out into the garden about ten o'clock this evening, a thin layer of dark cloud drifted across from the south-east.’
- ‘I started out this morning at ten o'clock.’
- ‘The ceremony continued from four in the morning to ten at night.’
- ‘At ten o'clock, they went back to their rooms and said good night to each other.’
- ‘Shortly after ten o'clock the sound of trumpets could be heard outside the house.’
- ‘After ten o'clock in the evening there were not many people out on the streets.’
- ‘The party started in the afternoon and continued until ten o'clock the next morning.’
- ‘That night, around ten in the evening, he sent me a message.’
- ‘Ben was due to fly out that night at ten o'clock.’
- 1.4 A size of garment or other merchandise denoted by ten.
- ‘I was attractive, a size ten and got a lot of attention.’
- ‘I like to use a size twelve hook, though Lee prefers a size ten.’
- ‘I could wear my size ten and twelve clothes a week after my first daughter was born.’
- ‘It hadn't been easy to find high heels in a size ten.’
- ‘I used to be very pretty and could fit into anything that was a size ten.’
- 1.5 A ten-pound note or ten-dollar bill:‘he took the money in tens’
- ‘I finished my beer and gave the bartender a ten.’
- ‘He scanned the few bills that he had left - a ten and some ones.’
- ‘She saw two fifty-dollar bills, followed by several twenties, a ten, a five, and four one-dollar-bills’
- ‘He paid her with a ten, and walked out’
- ‘He returned and placed a ten, a five, and three ones on the bar’
- ‘He handed the waiter a ten and a twenty.’
- ‘There were two one dollar bills, one five dollar bill, and two tens - plus three dollars in change.’
- ‘I reached into my pocket, searching for a five-dollar bill, but Lance slapped down a ten’
- ‘Reaching into his pocket, he pulls out a ten and I give him his change.’
- ‘She could tell exactly how much of that thick stack of cash was of ones, fives, tens, and hundred-dollar bills.’
- ‘I'll use one of my tens and combine our money to buy it for you!’
- ‘Simon hands the cashier a ten.’
- ‘She took out her wallet and dug out a fifty-dollar bill, a ten, a five, and three ones’
- ‘Kelly glared at me before pulling out her wallet and giving me a twenty, a ten, and a one’
- ‘She gave me a ten and I gave her five back.’
- 1.6 A playing card with ten pips:‘the ten of hearts’
- ‘Anyone who holds the ace, king, queen, jack or ten of hearts takes all the chips.’
- ‘This pack can be made from two standard 52-card packs by omitting all the tens and picture cards.’
- ‘On my first night of Internet poker I crushed a seasoned player with a pair of tens.’
- ‘If any of these hand cards are tens or face cards, players can discard some or all of those cards.’
- ‘If you only have a trio of tens and are sure your opponent has a trio of aces, there is little point in announcing the tens.’
- ‘The aces, tens and face cards have point values associated with them.’
- ‘The aces and tens are called sharp cards and are worth 10 points each.’
- ‘Take a pack of playing cards and remove the jokers, tens, jacks and queens.’
- ‘The object is to capture aces, tens and the last trick.’
- ‘Four aces, kings, queens or tens are worth 100.’
- ‘The most valuable cards are aces and tens.’
- ‘The ten is placed face up with Jack and Queen on top of it.’
- ‘Kings and tens are worth 10 points each.’
- ‘The tens are taken out of a normal 52 card pack, leaving 48 cards.’
- ‘Aces behave like a tens, but can only be played on a jack, queen or king.’
- ‘The game point goes to the side that wins the ten of trumps in a trick.’
- ‘A hand of tens and jacks usually heralds catastrophe.’
- ‘The guy makes a big bet and I look down to find a pair of tens.’
- ‘The kings of diamonds are the highest trumps instead of the tens of hearts.’
- ‘You can play a red ten on a black jack.’
Phrases
be ten a penny
- see penny
ten out of ten
1A perfect mark.
- ‘I came into work triumphantly waving the paper and my colleague checked my scribblings and gave me a little star and a ten out of ten marking.’
- 1.1Used to indicate that someone has done something well:‘you have to give her ten out of ten for persistence’
- ‘The riveting production earned ten out of ten for entertainment value.’
- ‘I would give it ten out of ten if someone bought it for me because no-one ever buys me perfume, but for my other half…’
- ‘Every player gets ten out of ten for effort.’
- ‘At the end of her term she has emerged with a rating of ten out of ten.’
- ‘I can have the best answers and get ten out of ten on this worksheet.’
- ‘I would give myself a ten out of ten for my performance.’
- ‘While the food gets ten out of ten, we can't say the same for the weather.’
- ‘If the music weeklies gave an album ten out of ten, I invariably went and bought it.’
- ‘The design of the place wasn't practical, but I had to give it ten out of ten for comfort and originality.’
- ‘Here is a second chance to pick up some of the wines that scored ten out of ten.’
ten to one
Very probably:
‘ten to one you'll never find out who did this’- ‘Well this should be fun; ten to one says he gets us lost.’
- ‘Ten to one you've had to go to the dictionary to find out what that means.’
- ‘It's ten to one he has never used his passport.’
- ‘Ten to one, Henry will bribe them.’
- ‘Odds are ten to one that she will be an outcast at the next meeting.’
Origin
Old English tēn, tīen, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch tien and German zehn, from an Indo-European root shared by Sanskrit daśa, Greek deka, and Latin decem.
Pronunciation
Further reading
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