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1Relating to worldly as opposed to spiritual affairs; secular:‘the Church did not imitate the secular rulers who thought only of temporal gain’
secular, non-spiritual, worldly, profane, material, mundane, earthly, terrestrialView synonyms
- ‘All everyone wants is pleasure, money, affluence - no matter how mundane or how temporal it is.’
- ‘Rome finally seems to have abandoned its temporal ambitions for purely spiritual aims.’
- ‘Each person lives in two spheres of existence - the spiritual and the temporal realms.’
- ‘An uneasy relationship remains between the city's temporal and spiritual leaders.’
- ‘The church withdrew from temporal affairs.’
- ‘They deplored the Church's rich landholdings and its role in temporal affairs.’
- ‘The bishop appointed a committee of seven laymen to run the temporal affairs of the parish.’
- ‘The land is the link between the spiritual and the temporal.’
- ‘A separation between the spiritual and the temporal is desirable and possible.’
- ‘Christianity teaches that the state is part of the divine ordering of temporal affairs.’
- ‘They merely rejected the authority of the archdiocese over their temporal affairs.’
- ‘The Queen thought more of the temporal than of the spiritual.’
- ‘He was the temporal and spiritual ruler of the Muslim world.’
- ‘The Catholic Church struggled to assert its temporal and spiritual power throughout this period.’
- ‘Popes ceased to be temporal princes and concentrated on spiritual matters.’
- ‘They helped him begin his spiritual and temporal education.’
- ‘They laid special emphasis on the separation of temporal and spiritual authorities.’
- ‘Her ongoing work provides support both spiritual and temporal for cancer sufferers.’
- ‘Temporal and spiritual authority converge in him.’
- ‘The cardinal should leave temporal affairs to the government.’
2Relating to time:‘the spatial and temporal dimensions of human interference in complex ecosystems’
of time, time-relatedView synonyms
- ‘The temporal dimension is vital to the practice of wildlife management.’
- ‘Ancient DNA provides a temporal dimension to the study of genetic variation.’
- ‘These spectres exist in different temporal dimensions.’
- ‘Rules can be aborted at any point in their temporal development.’
- ‘Studies over successive years are required to measure temporal variation.’
- ‘They become conscious of the passage of time - the temporal as a kind of fourth dimension.’
- ‘Art is temporal, finite… born to die.’
- ‘This issue explores some of the temporal and political dimensions of art.’
- ‘All three criteria must thus be met in close temporal proximity.’
- ‘He has lost confidence in the narrative thread, in the continuity of temporal sequence.’
- ‘In our perception of the world, spatial and temporal dimensions merely appear to be distinct.’
- ‘Jack is thrown back in time and gets caught in a temporal paradox.’
- ‘Temporal concerns are often ignored in approaches to painting.’
- ‘Human experience and behaviour is characterized by temporal segmentation.’
- ‘Simplistic analyses of changes in vegetation cover probably confused natural temporal variability with long-term degradation.’
- ‘We investigated temporal changes in the genetic structure of human populations during the past 2,500 years.’
- 2.1Grammar Relating to or denoting time or tense.
- ‘The meaning of the tense morphemes alone does not completely determine the temporal interpretation of a sentence.’
- ‘English has plenty of adjectives for modifying the temporal properties of nouns, including ‘former’, ‘recent’, and ‘forthcoming’.’
- ‘His teaching begins with a temporal adverb: ‘now.’’
- ‘These meanings typically have to do with temporalor logical relations between the events described in the clauses.’
- ‘The second, third, and fourth sentences are without verbs and hence have no temporal location.’
Middle English: from Old French temporel or Latin temporalis, from tempus, tempor- time.
Of or situated in the temples of the head:‘arterial biopsy usually confirms the diagnosis of temporal arteritis’
- ‘A temporal artery biopsy is suggested.’
- ‘Commonly used sites for catheterization include the temporal veins.’
- ‘Care is taken to avoid damage to the temporal branch of the facial nerve.’
- ‘The middle cerebral artery supplies much of the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes of the brain.’
- ‘The pain is typically centered over the temporal regions.’
Late Middle English: from late Latin temporalis, from tempora the temples (see temple).
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