Definition of temperature in English:

temperature

noun

  • 1The degree or intensity of heat present in a substance or object, especially as expressed according to a comparative scale and shown by a thermometer or perceived by touch:

    ‘at a temperature of 2°C’
    • ‘The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which the liquid boils.’
    • ‘Meteorologists compare the two temperatures when calculating humidity and dewpoint.’
    • ‘After checking the time, he took out the thermometer and studied the temperature.’
    • ‘Ideally you should use a meat thermometer to monitor the temperature as you cook.’
    • ‘The temperature at which a substance melts depends upon the external pressure on the solid.’
    • ‘He would record the temperature, atmospheric pressure, the degree of cloud cover, whether there was rain or snow.’
    • ‘For a machine to attain full efficiency, temperatures of absolute zero would have to be incorporated.’
    • ‘The Victorians usually used the Fahrenheit scale to measure temperature.’
    • ‘With the proper enzymes present, biological temperatures suffice to allow reactions to proceed.’
    • ‘Food should be kept in the fridge because mould cannot flourish at a temperature below five degree centigrade.’
    • ‘These were based on the measurement of canopy temperature using infrared thermometers.’
    • ‘Heating a metal to temperatures below its melting point causes it to expand or increase in length.’
    • ‘The main challenges are swimming in temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit and the high winds, he says.’
    • ‘Refrigeration is the cooling of substances below ambient temperatures by extracting heat from them.’
    • ‘Only in the study of quantum liquids at temperatures close to absolute zero does experimental accuracy approach Heisenberg's limit.’
    • ‘He studied seawater luminescence and ocean temperatures while charting the path of the Gulf Stream.’
    • ‘As the temperature of a substance is increased, so is the kinetic energy of the molecules.’
    • ‘With the outside temperature touching 43 degrees Celsius, the extreme heat policy was in force.’
    • ‘Show your child how to use a simple thermometer to take the temperature of the water.’
    • ‘Man can't land on Venus, where the surface temperature is 800 degrees Fahrenheit, but a robot can.’
    meteorological conditions, atmospheric conditions, meteorology, climate
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    1. 1.1 The degree of internal heat of a person's body:
      ‘I'll take her temperature’
      • ‘The doctor will take your temperature and look at your abdomen.’
      • ‘Until my fever broke on the evening of my first full day the nurses would take my temperature and change my ice packs every few hours.’
      • ‘This will normally stabilize heat balance and body temperature, but represents the last defence against cold.’
      • ‘If the ambient temperature exceeds body temperature, heat cannot be dissipated by radiation.’
      • ‘Your child has to sit still for a short time while you take his temperature.’
    2. 1.2informal A body temperature above the normal:
      ‘he was running a temperature’
      • ‘She had a temperature and some flu-like symptoms.’
      • ‘They asked if she had a temperature and I replied that she did.’
      • ‘For some reason, children's bodies are less able to control high temperatures and fevers and sometimes this seems to cause a seizure.’
      feverishness, high temperature, febricity, febrility
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    3. 1.3 The degree of excitement or tension in a discussion or confrontation:
      ‘the temperature of the debate was lower than before’
      • ‘Such language is sure to raise the temperature of the debate between the two countries.’
      • ‘The peasant leader's words raised the temperature of the debate.’
      • ‘This saw a rather more elevated temperature of debate than the lobby group was probably expecting.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French température or Latin temperatura, from temperare restrain. The word originally denoted the state of being tempered or mixed, later becoming synonymous with temperament. The modern sense dates from the late 17th century.

Pronunciation:

temperature

/ˈtɛmp(ə)rətʃə/