Definition of telescope in English:



  • 1An optical instrument designed to make distant objects appear nearer, containing an arrangement of lenses, or of curved mirrors and lenses, by which rays of light are collected and focused and the resulting image magnified.

    • ‘Given that most asteroids appear merely as pinpricks of light in our telescopes, how can we fathom their dimensions?’
    • ‘Even though supernovas can appear as bright as galaxies when viewed with optical telescopes, this light represents only a small fraction of the energy released.’
    • ‘Spectrographs are devices used by astronomers to break up the light collected by a telescope into its various colors, or wavelengths.’
    • ‘In recent years he has focused on astronomy, using lasers to help combine images from distant telescopes, effectively creating a huge virtual lens.’
    • ‘This was carried out using an eyepiece from a telescope, an optical instrument with a longer pedigree than the microscope.’
    • ‘Other stations showed images from the few optical telescopes in Earth orbit.’
    • ‘We use electromagnetic waves to detect and image objects: light waves for optical microscopes and telescopes, electrons for electron microscopes and radar.’
    • ‘When most people think of astronomy, they envision gazing at the stars through an optical telescope, a system of mirrors and lenses that collects light.’
    • ‘He overcame this by designing a telescope based on a mirror.’
    • ‘Using his experimental abilities, he ground lenses and assembled a telescope.’
    • ‘The occluding spot is placed at the focal plane of the telescope and prevents light from striking any optical elements further down in the optical path.’
    • ‘Observing astronomical objects in the infrared means that we can see much more than we can with optical telescopes.’
    • ‘Italian mathematician and astronomer Galileo Galilei used the first optical telescope, a refractor, in 1610.’
    • ‘The most obvious way in which we can escape from the physical limitations of our eyes is to employ a microscope, magnifying glass, or optical telescope to improve magnification and resolution.’
    • ‘His novel idea was to use both mirrors and lenses in his telescope.’
    • ‘Now we have evidence from observations, images, with large telescopes and the Hubble space telescope that show bright and dark regions on Titan's surface.’
    • ‘Today's largest optical telescopes now have collecting apertures that are 10 m in diameter - some 500 times that of Galileo's first effort.’
    • ‘He was particularly famous for his optical instruments, such as the lenses used in telescopes, that were highly valued among European physicists.’
    • ‘He was particularly interested in the ideas of improving telescope design by using lenses made up of two different types of glass.’
    • ‘His current work uses lasers to help combine images from distant telescopes.’
    spyglass, glass
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    1. 1.1
      short for radio telescope
      • ‘A suite of infrared, wide-field telescopes installed along the length of the aircraft's fuselage detects the missile plume at ranges up to several hundred km.’
      • ‘Tiny, aligned telescopes can send and detect single photons sent through the air.’
      • ‘The two telescopes monitored frequencies outside the range of mobile phones and satellite television so would pick up least interference.’
      • ‘Once they are all in place, they will form the largest radio telescope on Earth.’
      • ‘"Using them in this way gives us the equivalent of an 85-meter telescope.’
      • ‘A new space telescope might provide the answer.’


  • 1(with reference to an object made of concentric tubular parts) slide or cause to slide into itself, so that it becomes smaller:

    [no object] ‘five steel sections that telescope into one another’
    [with object] ‘the sliding carriage escapes were telescoped into a shorter length’
    • ‘The doubler plate is very securely riveted to the boiler barrel but close inspection shows that water has been leaking for some time and has cause serious external corrosion of the outer surface of the barrel - particularly where the two barrel sections telescope into each other.’
    • ‘The chairs telescope into each other so that large numbers can be transported with ease.’
    • ‘It has to be designed to be crushed, bent, telescoped and twisted yet capable of popping open and straightening out again without breaking.’
    • ‘They are produced in sections that can be telescoped for portability.’
    slide together, collapse
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    1. 1.1[with object] Crush (a vehicle) by the force of an impact:
      ‘he drove right into another car—telescoped it’
      • ‘He remounted his motorcycle and paused momentarily to look down into the dried bed of the klong at the smoking telescoped vehicle there, as the hospital staff swarmed all over it.’
      • ‘The locomotive, tender, and first three cars derailed, and the express car was partially telescoped by the tender.’
      • ‘The dining car of the wrecked train jumped to the side track and ran into the freight engine, which telescoped the car.’
      • ‘An engine had telescoped two cars, and the second car had telescoped the car in front of it.’
      crush, concertina, squash, compact, compress
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    2. 1.2[with object] Condense or conflate so as to occupy less space or time:
      ‘a large portion of the past had to be telescoped and summarized for her’
      • ‘The sentiments expressed may be dramatic, but that is what happens when four years of your life are telescoped down into 13 seconds of breath-taking speed and agility.’
      • ‘Furthermore, I feel it is perfectly legitimate, in the interests of creating a good drama, to telescope events or create symbolic scenes.’
      • ‘But their timescales, given to telescoping when they make demands of others, have always been elastic with regard to requirements of themselves.’
      • ‘Their budding relationship and accumulating discoveries, crudely telescoped in this screenplay, unfold in laborious parallel with the flashback 19 th-century affair.’
      • ‘At the risk of unduly telescoping or compressing modern Malaysian history, just two political turning-points will now be identified.’
      condense, shorten, reduce, abbreviate, abridge, summarize, precis, abstract, boil down, shrink, encapsulate
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Mid 17th century: from Italian telescopio or modern Latin telescopium, from tele- at a distance + -scopium (see -scope).