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[mass noun] A compound, originally obtained from the bark of the Pacific yew tree, which has been found to inhibit the growth of certain cancers.
- ‘In this century these compounds have provided the basis of many common drugs including aspirin which comes from willow bark, and taxol, an ovarian cancer treatment, derived from the pacific yew.’
- ‘Past bioprospected compounds that received FDA approval include taxol, topotecan, vinblastine, vincristine, and irinocetan.’
- ‘Herbal medicine has contributed aspirin from willow bark, reserpine from snakeroot, taxol from the yew tree, but ‘natural’ is not automatically safe.’
- ‘Heralded as a breakthrough treatment for breast and ovarian cancer, taxol is found in the bark of the Pacific yew tree.’
- ‘For example, supplies of taxol, another anti-tumor compound, were seriously limited until a synthetic method was developed.’
1970s: from Latin taxus yew + -ol.
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