Definition of tax in English:

tax

noun

  • 1A compulsory contribution to state revenue, levied by the government on workers' income and business profits, or added to the cost of some goods, services, and transactions:

    ‘higher taxes will dampen consumer spending’
    ‘a tax on fuel’
    [mass noun] ‘they will have to pay tax on interest earned by savings’
    [as modifier] ‘a tax bill’
    [as modifier] ‘tax cuts’
    • ‘It would have replaced the corporate income tax with a tax on the net return to capital for all businesses.’
    • ‘All local governments in Kenya have taxing authority, including the right to levy a tax on property.’
    • ‘Doing so will decrease their total tax bill on personal income when compared to reasonable salary levels.’
    • ‘In short, the income tax was not initially a tax on wages, nor on the working class.’
    • ‘The revenue from a tax on oil companies would then be passed directly to the motorist through cuts in fuel duty.’
    • ‘Second, lower prices for gasoline and other fuels are acting like a giant tax cut for both consumers and businesses.’
    • ‘So you will not have to pay tax on the expenses that are reimbursed to you, and the company will be able to allow the costs against its tax.’
    • ‘The administration established tariffs, which amounts to a tax on all consumers of steel.’
    • ‘Increase the progressivity of the federal income tax, and finance Medicare through increased sin taxes, gas taxes, and general revenue.’
    • ‘There is nothing in the Constitution to prevent the States collecting their own income taxes (or taxes on services).’
    • ‘A carbon tax is a tax on the use of energy.’
    • ‘Both opposed income taxes, excise taxes, and taxes on wealth in general.’
    • ‘Corporations often negotiate down their tax liability in disputed transactions.’
    • ‘Under the current method rates are increasingly becoming a wealth tax or a tax on assets held in the form of land.’
    • ‘Reliable means exist to project the potential revenue of existing taxes in this business cycle.’
    • ‘The empirical results indicate that a tax cut produces revenue and incentives to save.’
    • ‘Clearly, lower taxes reinforced the spending splurge that generated the explosion in indirect tax receipts allowing taxes to be cut further.’
    • ‘More than two-thirds of those surveyed said higher-income workers should pay tax on all their wages.’
    • ‘The general property tax was thus a tax on rent of land and the interest from its associated capital.’
    • ‘Thus a tax on rent may represent a violation of justice while a tax on other incomes does not.’
    levy, tariff, duty, toll, excise, impost, contribution, assessment, tribute, tithe, charge, fee
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  • 2[in singular] A strain or heavy demand:

    ‘a heavy tax on the reader's attention’
    • ‘The only tax on the reader's mind is to remember as many facts as possible.’
    burden, load, weight, encumbrance, demand, strain, pressure, stress, drain, imposition
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Impose a tax on (someone or something):

    ‘the income will be taxed at the top rate’
    • ‘Chip sales are taxed at 17 per cent in China, but local manufacturers can claim up to 14 per cent of the levy back.’
    • ‘At the end of five years, only interest earned and capital gains are taxed at 23 per cent, in line with the tax treatment of other investment funds.’
    • ‘In companies like ours, the profit is taxed at the corporation rate.’
    • ‘Profits from unincorporated businesses are taxed at 15 percent.’
    • ‘Under current law, such withdrawals are taxed at the student's tax rate.’
    • ‘My understanding is that I am then taxed at my marginal rate of income tax on any capital gain.’
    • ‘I'd venture to guess that every form of income is taxed at least twice, and maybe three or four times.’
    • ‘In Ireland, a capital gain is generally taxed at 20 per cent, with the first £1,000 being exempt.’
    • ‘Interest income and short-term capital gains are still taxed at rates up to 35%.’
    • ‘If your fund is worth more than the limit you could in future be taxed at 25% of the excess taken as income, or 55% on a lump sum.’
    • ‘Otherwise the profits are taxed at the full rate.’
    • ‘If one partner leaves the other his estate, it is taxed at the full death tax rate.’
    • ‘Dividends are taxed at your ordinary income tax rate.’
    • ‘This can represent a significant tax saving, compared with an ordinary share option scheme where the option is generally exempt, but the gain is taxed at income tax rates.’
    • ‘Your taxable lump sum is taxed at your marginal rate of tax, either 20 per cent or 42 per cent.’
    • ‘At present, land is taxed at a higher rate than improvements only in the counties of Hawaii and Kauai.’
    • ‘All the business' earnings and profits are taxed at the personal level of the shareholders/owners.’
    • ‘Owners of second homes who do not live permanently on the island are taxed at £2,060 a year for houses of up to 2,153 sq ft within two miles of the shore.’
    • ‘I am a full-time engineering student and even my part-time work at a local supermarket is taxed at 50 per cent.’
    • ‘When you invest corporately, your earnings are initially taxed at very high rates.’
    levy a tax on, impose a toll on, charge duty on, exact a tax on, demand a tax on
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    1. 1.1 Pay tax on (something, especially a vehicle):
      ‘the Land Rover slowly disintegrates and no one has bothered to tax it’
      • ‘We are urging the people of Darwen to get their cars taxed and save themselves the expense of clamping.’
      • ‘The bikes will be road registered, taxed and insured and new bikes have to comply with strict emissions and noise regulations.’
      • ‘Motorists from Athy are also forced to drive to Naas to have their cars taxed as the only motor tax registration office for the county is also based in the county town.’
      • ‘Then to top it all, my son who works hard, stays off the street corners and is a responsible adult, paid for a car, taxed and insured it and then mindless vandals covered his beloved car with eggs and flour and let the tyres down.’
      • ‘He claims youngsters wearing baseball caps instead of helmets race around towards Brooklands Lake on bikes which are not road-worthy, insured or taxed.’
      • ‘It costs €42 a year to tax one and it is also exempt from the national car test.’
      • ‘The fact is, for under £100 they got three cars, fully tested and taxed, that got them to Manchester and back.’
      • ‘His car was not insured, not taxed and did not have an MoT certificate.’
      • ‘You might end up having to pay a fine for not having your car properly taxed, and then you might reverse into somebody else's car.’
      • ‘The cars are neither taxed or roadworthy but often evade Police detection as they are not stolen.’
      • ‘He had not passed his test, never had a driving lesson and the car was not Mot'd, taxed or insured.’
      • ‘A menacing voiceover says that some people don't bother to tax their car, but that that never hurt anyone, right?’
      • ‘A good number of cyclists of my acquaintance have fully taxed, insured and MOT'd cars on their drives.’
      • ‘There is only one timetabling problem for the arrangements - if Mr Bullock lives another year he may not be able to afford to tax or insure the bus.’
      • ‘She's had her home phone cut off, she has lost her car because she can't afford to tax and insure it and she struggles to put food on the table for her kids.’
      • ‘The solution is simply to tax and MoT your car this month before you leave for Spain.’
      • ‘More than 15,000 motorists in the Bradford area face tough fines and even having their vehicles crushed if they fail to tax their cars and lorries.’
      • ‘The cameras are not only linked to the police national computer, but also to the DVLA database, which allows officers to identify vehicles that are not registered or taxed.’
      • ‘Then we have the classic of all laws: that cars have to be insured and taxed, and pass MoTs.’
      • ‘Are all the Mayo players' cars taxed and insured fully?’
  • 2Make heavy demands on (someone's powers or resources):

    ‘she knew that the ordeal to come must tax all her strength’
    • ‘The need to properly categorize, inventory and secure the massive number of garments and shoes must have taxed their resources and creativity.’
    • ‘The problem of what to do with clapped-out electronic equipment continues to tax the EU's best minds.’
    • ‘Second, the solution did not tax an already overburdened division transportation resource.’
    • ‘The influx of refugees and displaced persons taxed the already stretched resources of States.’
    • ‘You will definitely have to earn it, though, because I will often tax every physical and mental resource that you possess.’
    • ‘With resources taxed and false rumors howling, misinformation was rarely spread by the news media.’
    • ‘And director Jasper Bagg takes on the title role with energy and commitment, though sometimes its sheer weight seems to be taxing his powers to the limit.’
    • ‘Radeschi said the community's resources have been taxed by dealing with troubled youth.’
    • ‘His battle with nature will end up taxing all his resourcefulness and overturning his usual elegance.’
    • ‘Suffice to say, China will tax both the group's idealism and its stamina.’
    • ‘The transition to a 3D world certainly taxes the Xbox's power but the game world is particularly vacuous.’
    • ‘I am not condoning corporal punishment but some sympathy must go out to the teacher whose patience must have been taxed to the limit and which seems to have snapped.’
    strain, stretch, put a strain on, make demands on, weigh heavily on, weigh down
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  • 3Confront (someone) with a fault or wrongdoing:

    ‘why are you taxing me with these preposterous allegations?’
    • ‘Tax me with my crimes!’
    confront, accuse, call to account, charge, blame, censure, condemn, denounce
    View synonyms
  • 4Law
    Examine and assess (the costs of a case):

    ‘an officer taxing a bill of costs’
    • ‘It was not the case for either side that I should split the issue into parts and so resolve the position, nor was it the case that I should attempt to tax or assess the costs.’
    • ‘The applicant is to pay the costs of the respondent of the summons on an indemnity basis, such costs to be taxed forthwith.’
    • ‘Pursuant to that order the defendants taxed their costs and applied for payment, despite the fact that the action had not been determined.’
    • ‘It was decided to do this by ordering those costs to be taxed on the indemnity basis.’
    • ‘Where the outcome of the Legal Proceedings is not a Success the Insurer shall have the right to have the Insured's Solicitor's bills taxed or assessed on the standard basis.’

Origin

Middle English (also in the sense ‘estimate or determine the amount of a penalty or damages’, surviving in tax): from Old French taxer, from Latin taxare to censure, charge, compute, perhaps from Greek tassein fix.

Pronunciation:

tax

/taks/