Main definitions of taurine in English

: taurine1taurine2

taurine1

noun

Biochemistry
  • [mass noun] An amino acid containing sulphur and important in the metabolism of fats.

    • ‘Also, only the liver, pancreas, kidney, and intestine exhibit full activity of the trans-sulfuration pathway that metabolizes homocysteine to cysteine and taurine.’
    • ‘Homocysteine is either metabolized to the amino acids cysteine and taurine (trans-sulfuration) or recycled to methionine by taking on a methyl group (methylation).’
    • ‘The data suggest that taurine is an important neurochemical factor in the visual system.’
    • ‘The downstream methionine metabolite taurine is necessary for amino acid and bile acid conjugation, and acylation reactions.’
    • ‘Spiked with caffeine and taurine - an amino acid that increases the heart rate - its taste was like no other.’

Origin

Mid 19th century: from Greek tauros bull (because it was originally obtained from ox bile) + -ine.

Pronunciation:

taurine

/ˈtɔːriːn/

Main definitions of taurine in English

: taurine1taurine2

taurine2

adjective

  • 1Of or like a bull.

    ‘moustaches like taurine horns’
    • ‘Janecek et al. found an anomalous association of yak with taurine cattle, which was explained by the sampling of an animal descending from a zebu via the maternal lineage.’
    • ‘The chief matador arms himself with two banderillas and proceeds to taunt the bull by himself assuming a taurine pose, banderillas poised above the head like horns.’
    • ‘Presumably, Hanotte said, trade also brought zebu bulls that farmers interbred with domesticated taurine cows, producing the mixed herds of today.’
    • ‘But the number of animals with the protective adaptation is dwindling, as local farmers give up their taurine herds for large zebu animals.’
    cow-like, cattle-like, calf-like, taurine
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Relating to bullfighting.
      ‘taurine skill’
      • ‘If you were to read the matadors' rankings and the corrida calendars in past issues of taurine magazines of the decade of the 80's, you would find very few names there of the matadors who have played a stellar role in the 1996 season.’

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin taurinus, from taurus bull.

Pronunciation:

taurine

/ˈtɔːrʌɪn/