Definition of Tangut in English:

Tangut

noun

  • 1A member of a Tibetan people who established a kingdom in NW China and western Inner Mongolia from the late 10th to the mid 13th centuries.

    • ‘Occupying the area along the trade route between Central Asia and the West, the Tangut were neighbors to Northern China, controlled by Song China and, later on, the Jurchen Empire.’
    • ‘But we have not enough historic material to obtain a deeper insight into scholarship and the education system of the Tanguts and the recruitment of state officials.’
    • ‘The determining factor here was the centralized authority of the Tanguts and Kitans, which restrained their own citizens and their ambitions.’
    • ‘The Tanguts who submitted were moved to the Ordos region near Ningxia, whereas those who stayed accepted Tibetan political dominance and became known in Chinese as Mi-yao.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, their relentlessness finally caused the Tanguts to sue for peace.’
    • ‘There, in 1081, he organised an advance against the Tanguts winning major victories and extending the control of the Sung dynasty over new regions.’
    • ‘However, the Tanguts had stopped complying with terms while Chingis was away.’
    • ‘By the 1040s, the Song were sending the Tanguts a huge annual tribute of silk, silver and tea.’
    • ‘In 1224, upon hearing news that the Tanguts had rebelled, he returned east to Karakorum, his capital city in Mongolia.’
    • ‘In the 7th century, under pressure from Tibetans, the people known as Tanguts to the Mongols, or Dangxian to the Chinese, migrated east to the Ordos, within a bend in the Yellow River.’
    • ‘An attack by the Tanguts saw the Sung troops defeated and sustain heavy losses.’
    • ‘Make approximately 6 Mangudais to defend against the attacks of arbalests and siege rams from the Tanguts on the city.’
    • ‘Buildings, historical records and nearly everything else the Tanguts had created, were destroyed.’
    • ‘After his father died in 1032, he became the leader of the Tangut.’
    • ‘In its early years, the Tanguts inhabited the Qinghai area and migrated to the Ningxia-Gansu areas afterwards.’
    • ‘He destroyed the reserve army of the Tangut of around 90,000 men in the winter of that year and conquered the whole Tangut empire and laid siege to its capital.’
    • ‘Historians say the Tanguts are a branch of nomadic Qiang people, related to the Tibetans.’
    • ‘The Tanguts spoke a language similar to Tibetan, but created their script on the model of Chinese.’
  • 2[mass noun] The extinct language of the Tangut.

    • ‘Thus although in Chinese more than 90%; of the characters possess a phonetic element, this proportion is limited to about 10% in Tangut according to him.’
    • ‘Among the Buddhist texts a number of unique compilations, not known either in Chinese or in Tibetan versions were recently discovered. Furthermore, the Buddhist canon, the Confucian classics, and a great number of indigenous texts written in Tangut have been preserved.’
    • ‘However, it would not be until 1038 that the Tangut chieftain Li Yuanhao, Li Deming's son, who also ordered the creation of a Tangut writing system and the translation of Chinese classics into Tangut, named himself emperor of Da Xia, and demanded of the Song emperor recognition as an equal.’

adjective

  • Relating to the Tangut or their language.

    • ‘He has addressed this considerably interesting problem for Tangut military history, which also includes Tangut administrative, legal, and social organization.’
    • ‘The Tangut people would hold the Hexi corridor for 191 years.’
    • ‘These images of the Tangut imperial patron extend the contexts in which East Asian imperial patrons have explicitly placed themselves, and suggest both deep personal as well as political motivations.’
    • ‘The latest text (a piece of Buddhist sutra) we can find written in the Tangut language dates to 1502, which means that the language was still in use three hundred years after the annihilation of the Tangut Empire.’
    • ‘These for deciphering of meanings of Tangut characters and the reconstruction of Tangut grammar are the dictionaries with the description of meanings of characters compiled by Tangut philologists.’
    • ‘All forms of Chinese writing of the fourth to eleventh centuries and Tangut writing are ideographic.’
    • ‘Certain misunderstandings about Tangut morphosyntax which had crept into the literature on Tibeto-Burman historical grammar are dispelled.’
    • ‘There are thus two completely different readings of the Tangut inscription on this coin, neither entirely convincing.’
    • ‘It survived also the Mongol assault and was used in the western parts of modern China still in the 14th century, the Tangut script has therefore had a long history of 460 years.’
    • ‘After coming under military pressure from the Tibetan Empire some Tangut tribes submitted to Tang China under Emperor Dezong in 799.’
    • ‘To the west of Jin was the Tangut empire which, in turn, was bordered by Tibet to the South-west.’
    • ‘Though most Tangut texts can now be deciphered, the pronunciation of the characters is uncertain or not known.’

Origin

Apparently from Mongolian, from Chinese Dǎng Xiàng.

Pronunciation:

Tangut

/ˈtaŋɡuːt/