Definition of Tajik in English:


(also Tadjik, Tadzhik)


  • 1A member of a mainly Muslim people inhabiting Tajikistan and parts of neighbouring countries.

    • ‘The people of the area are mostly Tajiks, a Muslim ethnic minority who speak an Iranian language.’
    • ‘We have Hazaras, we have Pashtuns, we have Tajiks, we have Uzbeks, we have Pashai, Nooristani, and people coming from the very remote areas of Afghanistan.’
    • ‘Male-female relations among the Kyrgyz are less formal and less rigid than among their neighbors, the Uzbeks or Tajiks.’
    • ‘But the plan is for many of the cabinet positions to have ethnic Tajiks, ethnic Uzbeks, and other ethnicities to even out the cabinet along with the leadership.’
    • ‘Our young Afghan translator, a Tajik who had studied English for one year in high school in Pakistan, improved his command of English daily, too.’
    • ‘The officer corps before 1963 was not all-inclusive, however, and was dominated by Pashtuns and Tajiks.’
    • ‘We noticed that Badshah Khan's references to the Pakhtuns' neighbours - Punjabis in Pakistan, Tajiks in Afghanistan, and Iranians - were not always magnanimous.’
    • ‘Our committee is working for the promotion of cricket throughout Afghanistan, and we don't care if people are Uzbek, Tajik, Afghan or Persian.’
    • ‘Afghanistan's interim cabinet is made up of 11 Pashtuns, eight Tajiks, five Hazaras, three Uzbeks and three people from other ethnic groups.’
    • ‘However, other ethnic communities do not call themselves by such a designation but identify themselves by their respective ethnic name such as Tajik, Hazara, Baluch, etc.’
    • ‘Shortages of food, clothes, and other essential items exacerbated ethnic tensions between the local Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kyrgiz and the Russian Diaspora.’
    • ‘The two most important groups are the ethnic Tajiks and the Pashtuns.’
    • ‘There are reports that in newly formed units the Tajiks outnumber other ethnicities, including the Pashtuns, the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan.’
    • ‘Since the tenth century, the Tajiks have been ruled by others, mostly Turks and Russians.’
    • ‘Although Afghanistan is often described as a simple ethnic division, with Tajiks and Uzbeks in the north and Pashtuns in the south and east, this is an oversimplification.’
    • ‘Note the faces - Azaris, Pashtuns, Tajiks - a genuine ethnic blend of historically divided Afghan peoples.’
    • ‘I'd been to that part of the world five times before, and in the process I'd picked up a lot of useful information: how to tell an Uzbek from a Tajik, why Herat is the coolest city in Afghanistan and how much it costs to hitch a ride.’
    • ‘Afghanistan is homeland to diverse ethnic communities such as Pushtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Turkman, etc., each with its unique culture, tradition and historical development.’
    • ‘The majority are Turkic peoples; exceptions include the Uighurs and Kazakhs in Chinese Xinjiang and the Tajiks, who are ethnically and linguistically Indo-Iranian.’
    • ‘Afghans no longer call themselves just Afghan, or even Pashtuns and Tajiks, but Kandaharis, Panjshiris, Heratis, or Kabulis.’
    1. 1.1 A native or inhabitant of the republic of Tajikistan.
      • ‘Tajiks are the largest ethnic group, with Uzbeks making up a quarter of the population, over half of which is employed in agriculture and just one-fifth in industry.’
      • ‘The national sport of the Tajiks, gushtigiri, has a colorful tradition.’
  • 2mass noun The language of the Tajiks, a member of the Iranian branch of the Indo-European family.

    • ‘In 1989 Tajiki became the sole official language of the country, replacing Russian and Uzbeki.’
    • ‘A very substantial minority speaks a form of Persian called Tajik (about a third of Uzbeks, and the majority in Tajikistan).’
    • ‘None of the languages of the Shughni-Rushani group has achieved the status of a written language, although recently attempts have been made to design a suitable script for Shughni; Tajik or Persian is generally used for writing.’
    • ‘Paul Bergne, a former Ambassador to Uzbekistan who speaks fluent Tajik, was briefed earlier this week.’
    • ‘In the first years after independence many non-Central Asian peoples emigrated because of the establishment of Tajiki as the official language, dissatisfaction with the standard of living, and fear of political violence.’
    • ‘About 14 percent of the population - mostly non-Uzbek - speak Russian as their first language; 5 percent speak Tajik.’


  • Relating to Tajikistan, the Tajiks, or their language.

    • ‘We have pledged to modernise the Tedaz aluminium plant and have an agreement with the Tajik government to buy a stake in a hydropower plant.’
    • ‘We could be stopped by Tajik guards and sent back, forced to retrace our journey in reverse.’
    • ‘In the early 19th century the two well-known cities of Samarqand and Bokhara served as the intellectual centre for the Tajik community and constituted the majority of the cities' population.’
    • ‘Many Tajiks consider themselves Uzbek, though they retain the Tajik language; this may be because they have long shared an urban lifestyle, which was more of a bond than ethnic labels.’
    • ‘I quite fancy the life of a goatherd in the Tajik hills, playing music on a bucket with spoons and wearing those cool trousers while dancing round a campfire toasting small woodland creatures.’
    • ‘One of the few areas where a pan-Afghan identity has emerged is through popular music, which is a hybrid of the Pashtun musical style with a lot of Tajik language.’
    • ‘From Turkey, he boards a Tajik jet on a route that Soviet-era Aeroflot pilots used to receive extra danger pay for flying, because of the difficult, high terrain and primitive aerospace infrastructure.’
    • ‘The curriculum includes the Tajik language and classical Persian literature.’
    • ‘Once in Dushanbe, the Tajik capital, a $50 taxi ride to the Afghan border on the Amu Darya River is now $500.’
    • ‘Because there was no bridge to cross the river, people from the Hazara village, located above Kakrag, were forced to cross the Tajik villagers' farmland with their carts.’


From Persian tājik ‘a Persian, someone who is neither an Arab nor a Turk’.