Definition of Taino in English:

Taino

noun

  • 1A member of an extinct Arawak people formerly inhabiting the Greater Antilles and the Bahamas.

    • ‘Three main native groups inhabited Cuba when Columbus reached it in 1492 - the Ciboney, the Guanahatabey and the Taino.’
    • ‘The word was pronounced ‘ashi’ by the Taino and by Columbus, but the sound changes of 16th-century Spanish led to the modern spelling and pronunciation, aji.’
    • ‘The Taino, the first people to greet Columbus on the island of Hispaniola in 1492, spoke an Arawak language, which became extinct within a century and a half of the white ‘invasion’.’
    • ‘The indigenous peoples, Carib, Arawak, Taino, all but disappeared under the impact of Spanish conquest.’
    • ‘She used Spanish titles, alluded to Santeria, the Abakua, and the Taino, incorporated actual earth and sand from Cuba, and maintained always that her work represented the embodiment of her state of exile.’
    • ‘The tall standing figure is a Taino; the Apache wears an apron, carries a bow, and rides a horse.’
    • ‘The Taino of the northern Caribbean islands, for instance, used vegetable dyes to affix images of their Cemis - spirit guardians - onto their skin.’
    • ‘Often they were named after pre-Hispanic goddesses venerated by indigenous Cuban peoples like the Taino and Ciboney.’
    • ‘I've been reading about early Jamaica and the Taino.’
    • ‘The word Indian is not the term by which the people first encountered by Columbus, the Taino, called themselves.’
    • ‘The Atlantic slave trade indeed began because Spanish colonists needed Africans to do the work the Taino, Caribs, Mayans, and Aztecs refused to do, but slavery was an old idea in the New World, too.’
    • ‘Nothing survives to indicate what the Taino made of Columbus when he landed on the island of Guanahani, now called San Salvador, on October 12, 1492.’
    • ‘For these philosophical adherents, the Taino continue to exist only as subsumed elements within Puerto Rico's tri-racial dynamic.’
  • 2[mass noun] An extinct Caribbean language of the Arawakan group.

    • ‘However only 6 sentences of Taíno have been recorded.’
    • ‘Hurricano appears in Shakespeare, but only in his last plays; the form shows that it came by way of Spanish, not directly from its West Indian origin, the Amerindian language Taino.’
    • ‘Although the Taíno language is not spoken anymore, many Taíno words have survived in the Spanish language and in some areas a mixture of Taino and Spanish is still spoken.’

adjective

  • Relating to or denoting the Taino or their language.

    • ‘In 1494-95, after Columbus imposed a tribute of gold to be paid by every Taino man, woman or child, Guarionex went to the first colonizer with a counter offer.’
    • ‘Almost all our Spanish and Taino history is submerged beneath British and African origins and even the British influence is fast being eclipsed.’
    • ‘"Once people get a sense of the big picture," one Taino man suggested, "we can join forces."’
    • ‘Very little is known about the Taino Indians because they were nearly annihilated by 1515.’
    • ‘Today, there are no Arawak / Taino Indians here.’
    • ‘The entire Taino population died out.’
    • ‘The rights of the Taino people were not an issue - the concern was simply to steal their gold.’
    • ‘So far, the site is not the largest Taino city ever discovered.’
    • ‘The hammock is also a Taino invention discovered by the Spanish upon their arrival in the New World.’
    • ‘The English word barbecue also comes from the Taino term for the rock slabs on which they baked bread.’
    • ‘Yet our claim to the Taino bloodline is as tenuous as it is ardent: by the mid-1500s only 500 Tainos had survived the merciless Spaniards.’
    • ‘Jose Pedreira's Taino web page is a collection of texts in English and Spanish related to Taino history and culture.’
    • ‘When Columbus landed on what is now Puerto Rico, he saw Taino natives slow-roasting meat on a grid over a pit filled with smoldering, burned down wood.’
    • ‘Dominicans are a blend of the indigenous Taino Indians, the colonizing Spaniards and the Africans brought in chains to work the sugar plantations.’
    • ‘Sometimes I wonder if when Columbus came and all the Taino Indians were waiting, which one of those was my ancestor.’
    • ‘Gonzalez is a founding member of Taino del Norte, an organization dedicated to the study and promotion of Taino culture.’
    • ‘The Spanish spread the Taino name for the plant wherever they distributed the crop throughout the world.’
    • ‘He has been fighting for the rights of Taino people ever since he was a boy of fourteen.’
    • ‘We do not under any circumstance support the selling of any of our sacred Taino images or objects.’
    • ‘Perhaps those who publicly refute the validity of a contemporary Taino identity could better direct their arguments toward these institutions themselves, rather than the so-called Taino revivalists.’

Origin

From Taino taino noble, lord.

Pronunciation:

Taino

/ˈtʌɪnəʊ/