Definition of taiga in English:



mass nounoften the taiga
  • The swampy coniferous forest of high northern latitudes, especially that between the tundra and steppes of Siberia.

    ‘the coniferous forest of the taiga’
    • ‘For centuries the nomadic Tsaatan people have roamed the taiga of northern Mongolia, raising the reindeer that provide their livelihood.’
    • ‘Sardar said only around 200 herding reindeer are left in the Mongolian taiga (northern coniferous forest) today.’
    • ‘The mysterious jack snipe is a typical bird of the often water-logged northern taiga, birch and willow country.’
    • ‘The ancient Ural mountains barely poke their summits above the taiga, Siberia's vast conifer forest.’
    • ‘The boom and bust cycle of the populations of small mammals is a phenomenon of the taiga and tundra regions of the north.’
    • ‘The site is reached today by helicopter or on foot through swamps, bogs and hilly taiga (a northern region of vast coniferous forests composed of spruce, larch and fir.)’
    • ‘The coniferous forests of the taiga make up 27 percent of the world's forests.’
    • ‘Hawk owls live and nest in the taiga, the subarctic band of forests that circle the northern reaches of the globe from Alaska to eastern Canada and from Scandinavia to Siberia.’
    • ‘The steppe of feather grass, and the southern taiga of marshy forests of larch and cedar, and then birch and pine, gives way to frozen or lake-sodden tundra and the ice zones of the north.’
    • ‘Vital to the Tsaatan nomadic lifestyle, reindeer populations in taiga just south of Siberia are decreasing significantly, posing a serious threat to the Tsaatan.’
    • ‘From my hovering perch, I can see where the treeless tundra morphs into taiga - a thin boreal forest of stunted conifers, muskeg, ponds, and rivers.’
    • ‘One of the most important processes shaping the boreal forest is fire: indeed, the taiga can be considered a forest forged in fire.’
    • ‘The jay is one of the most widespread members of the crow family, occupying woodland as diverse as the Siberian taiga and the rain-forests of Thailand.’
    • ‘Our route has taken us northwest through a fairy-tale landscape where the boreal forest, or taiga, begins to give way to more open land, or tundra.’
    • ‘Greater White-fronted Geese nest on marshy ponds in the tundra or taiga.’
    • ‘In the distance are several low wooden peasant houses, or izbas, and a dark strip of forest indicative of the vast coniferous taiga covering much of Russia.’
    • ‘The area is called the taiga, which refers to the great expanse of forest that stretches from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific.’
    • ‘At this western periphery of the Eurasian taiga, forests are dominated by Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, and Betula spp.’
    • ‘The taiga and tundra of this region teem with birds and animals, and bloom with wildflowers in early summer.’
    • ‘Chukchi men drive their reindeer in search of vegetation and travel to the edge of the taiga to gather firewood, fish, and hunt sea mammals.’


Late 19th century: from Russian taĭga, from Mongolian.