Definition of taenia in English:

taenia

(US tenia)

noun

  • 1Anatomy
    A flat ribbon-like structure in the body.

    • ‘Here, we have shown the pilae ossifying dorsally, as an irregular sheet of bone running roughly between the pila antotica and a similar band of cartilage which comes off the top of the otic capsule, the taenia marginalis.’
    • ‘The ingestion of undercooked pork infected with cysticerci is the exclusive path to the development of intestinal taenia, which closes the life cycle of the parasite.’
    • ‘These sites lie always between the mesenteric tenia and the two antimesenteric teniae, so that the diverticula form rows along the lateral surfaces of the organ.’
    • ‘The longitudinal muscle layer continues between the teniae as a thin but complete coat.’
    1. 1.1 The smooth longitudinal muscles of the colon.
      • ‘Contraction of the teniae coli exerts pressure on the wall and creates a series of pouches, called haustra, along the colon.’
      • ‘The three taeniae coli converge at the base of the vermiform appendix on the cecum.’
      • ‘It begins at the cecum, with the teniae coli.’
      • ‘Bundles of muscle from the teniae coli penetrate the circular layer at irregular intervals.’
      • ‘Hanging off the taeniae coli are pouches called epiploic appendages.’
  • 2Architecture
    A fillet between a Doric architrave and frieze.

  • 3(in ancient Greece) a band or ribbon worn round a person's head.

Origin

Mid 16th century (in taenia): via Latin from Greek tainia band, ribbon.

Pronunciation:

taenia

/ˈtiːnɪə/