Definition of synthesis in English:


nounPlural syntheses

mass noun
  • 1The combination of components or elements to form a connected whole.

    ‘the synthesis of intellect and emotion in his work’
    Often contrasted with analysis
    count noun ‘the ideology represented a synthesis of certain ideas’
    • ‘Another new kind of synthetic effort aims at avoiding the nationalist slant of traditional syntheses, by deliberately looking at units of analysis far smaller or far larger than the nation state.’
    • ‘On his own highly idiosyncratic terms, he revisits the conflict between Christian and pagan thought that marked Iceland's early days and carries out his own syntheses.’
    • ‘They made a difference in the sense that if they had not arrived at their syntheses then, it would have been literally decades, maybe 50 years before those fields would have gotten to the point that Darwin and Freud brought those fields.’
    • ‘Knowledge, analysis and synthesis are continuous processes.’
    • ‘Friendship with connectedness tended to support the process of therapists' synthesis of their personal and professional selves.’
    • ‘But even if some of the facts aren't I new to us, we look to thinkers and policymakers like him not only for fresh syntheses, but also for responsive and realistic answers to the problem.’
    • ‘I think a productive blog session would consciously use analyses like this as well as syntheses that provide the substance for such findings.’
    • ‘In the current treatment, I briefly review how the syntheses of multiple fields have provided insight into several problems in biology.’
    • ‘And in your professional studies, do you strengthen those critical and analytic powers and invite students to make their own syntheses?’
    • ‘He had plenty to play with: Postwar America was full of new musical syntheses.’
    • ‘Paradoxically, there is much less interpretation, less culture involved in the foundations of modern physics than in earlier, less complete syntheses.’
    • ‘This model has many similarities to published models of igneous feeder systems, which have traditionally been syntheses of a number of separate field exposures.’
    • ‘Physics concepts in ninth grade serve first to apply the ninth-grade algebra and second to teach how science works, including such vast syntheses as achieved by the theory of gravitation.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, research is not yet sufficiently advanced to enable an entirely fresh synthesis to be produced.’
    • ‘An innovative ethnic aesthetic can incorporate the past in new narratives that exhibit original syntheses of ethnic identity, narrative strategies, modes of realism, and symbolism.’
    • ‘Papers cited, many of which are either specific references to original ideas or syntheses of broad areas or topics, contain extensive bibliographic references to original data sources.’
    • ‘The distinction from Rome concerns the absolute priority of the doctrine of God, compromised in Roman Catholic syntheses between nature and grace.’
    • ‘In contrast to iconography, the iconological method proceeds from synthesis rather than analysis.’
    • ‘Though natural history does not privilege the individual moment of perception in quite the way that romanticism does, it does rely on a process of imaginative synthesis.’
    • ‘Its purpose is instead to devise by reasoned argument ever more satisfactory syntheses of theory and experiment.’
    combination, union, amalgam, blend, mixture, compound, fusion, coalescence, composite, concoction, conglomerate, alloy
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Grammar The process of making compound and derivative words.
    2. 1.2Linguistics The tendency in a language to use inflected forms rather than word order to express grammatical structure.
  • 2The production of chemical compounds by reaction from simpler materials.

    ‘the synthesis of methanol from carbon monoxide and hydrogen’
    • ‘This is an important reaction in organic synthesis as it provides a method to join two smaller molecules through a carbon-carbon bond.’
    • ‘Nitric oxide stimulates collagen synthesis and subsequent healing at wound sites.’
    • ‘Factors regulating fatty acid synthesis and controlling total oil content in oilseed crops are still poorly understood.’
    • ‘Although the reported research marks an important step forward, Morse believes that the use of these biological methods to control such syntheses would be impractical on an industrial scale.’
    • ‘The advent of chemistry and chemical synthesis, however, saw their steady decline.’
    • ‘Julian worked at a frenzied pace to synthesize physostigmine in the laboratory and was successful in what experts consider one of the most difficult syntheses in history.’
    • ‘These seeds are green and photosynthetically active, and lipid synthesis has been shown to be stimulated in response to light in developing rape seeds.’
    • ‘The researchers also found that increasing hyaluronan synthesis in cells increased resistance to drug treatment.’
    • ‘They identified genetic mutations that disabled specific steps in the synthesis of a complex molecule.’
    • ‘There is evidence that insulin resistance decreases the synthesis of nitric oxide.’
    • ‘Indeed, many of these steps have been demonstrated for the synthesis of juvenile hormone.’
    • ‘The last two compounds are precursors for the synthesis of the hormone abscisic acid.’
    • ‘The synthesis of steroid hormones involves many chemical steps from cholesterol to finished product.’
    • ‘In addition, there is growing recognition of abiotic organic synthesis in various geological materials.’
    • ‘Ethylene is only one of the many petrochemicals used for the synthesis of other compounds.’
    • ‘Other compounds function in chemical analysis and in synthesis in a chemistry laboratory of organic compounds.’
    • ‘Polymerization is another type of chemical reaction employed in organic synthesis to couple small monomeric units into a much larger chain.’
    • ‘But it requires some chemical synthesis, which is in progress.’
    • ‘They bind to the plasma membrane of surrounding cells and block viral replication by enhancing the production of several enzymes involved in protein synthesis.’
    • ‘Hydrogen transfer reactions play an important role in transformations in organic synthesis.’
  • 3(in Hegelian philosophy) the final stage in the process of dialectical reasoning, in which a new idea resolves the conflict between thesis and antithesis.

    • ‘Every synthesis becomes a new thesis, which becomes the target of a new antithesis.’
    • ‘This antithesis found its synthesis in Stoicism, the philosophy of both master and slave… and so on.’
    • ‘It is also to be noted that the dialectical process is not simply from thesis and antithesis to final synthesis; it is an eternal, open-ended spiral of development.’
    • ‘It looks like they're on their way to finding a Hegelian synthesis.’
    • ‘But, the Thomistic synthesis is indicative of tendencies within the western intellectual tradition.’


Early 17th century: via Latin from Greek sunthesis, from suntithenai ‘place together’.