Definition of syntax in English:

syntax

noun

  • 1The arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.

    ‘the syntax of English’
    • ‘This at least seems true in the limited sense that all human tribes, classes and even professions instinctively create their own vocabularies, phrases and even syntax.’
    • ‘Thus, as we each make meaning out of language, we do far more than compute an interpretation deriving from the interaction of syntax and word meaning.’
    • ‘He divides his students into groups and gives them one semester to create their own language - complete with its own syntax and lexicon.’
    • ‘The background may not merely enable the reasonable man to choose between the possible meaning of words which are ambiguous but even to conclude that the parties must, for whatever reasons, have used the wrong words or syntax.’
    • ‘Opting for an unusually loose, appositional syntax which strings together phrases or clauses that come at a phenomenon from different angles, he manages to give a sensuous concreteness to abstract concepts.’
    • ‘It comes as a surprise to most beginners in contemporary mainstream linguistics when they find that, instead, the central component of language is presented as syntax.’
    • ‘Of course, this tiny ‘language,’ consisting of one-word sentences, has no syntax.’
    • ‘Avoid translating prompts word for word because syntax and common word usage vary widely among languages.’
    • ‘They worked their way through many features of language, from words to syntax to speech, that they argued show signs of adaptation in humans specifically for language.’
    • ‘The word choice and syntax are mine, the allusions part of my mental framework.’
    • ‘I suspect that the error is due to the differing difficulty of the syntax of the two sentences.’
    • ‘The other thing that they're learning about is syntax, phrase boundaries and clause boundaries.’
    • ‘To get facility with Italian as a third language, you would need only to grasp minor changes in word forms and syntax.’
    • ‘Additionally, he is criticized for overuse of complex words and syntax.’
    • ‘What is the point of syntax if we drop word order entirely?’
    • ‘Beneath the surface grinds the invisible machinery of grammar, language, syntax and rhetoric, the gears of making meaning, the hardware of the trade.’
    • ‘The meaning of a word varies when syntax is arranged differently.’
    • ‘He spent eight years teaching high school Latin, which perhaps explains the purity of his syntax and word choices.’
    • ‘It appears to be the case that no language has its word order or anything about its syntax determined by facts of pronunciation.’
    • ‘Try to imagine a world without language; a world where words, grammar and syntax suddenly become meaningless.’
    1. 1.1A set of rules for or an analysis of the syntax of a language.
      ‘generative syntax’
    2. 1.2The branch of linguistics that deals with syntax.
      • ‘The word is borrowed by analogy from the terminology of linguistic syntax.’
      • ‘The chapters that follow deal with vocabulary, syntax, onomastics, phonology, English grammar and usage and, finally, literary language.’
      • ‘It's too bad that (as far as I know) linguists who study syntax, semantics and pragmatics have not been involved in this enterprise to any significant extent.’
  • 2The structure of statements in a computer language.

    • ‘Furthermore, you may need a similar macro using Java syntax for programming Java.’
    • ‘At first, these new HTML authoring tools did little more than help us remember the arcane syntax of HTML.’
    • ‘It presents valuable, precise programming syntax and advice for every Linux programmer, whether you are a novice, intermediate or expert programmer.’
    • ‘He then gives you the three variants in syntax for the various UNIX systems the book covers.’
    • ‘The command syntax to do so is very similar to that of the familiar mount command.’

Origin

Late 16th century: from French syntaxe, or via late Latin from Greek suntaxis, from sun- together + tassein arrange.

Pronunciation:

syntax

/ˈsɪntaks/