Definition of syntagm in English:

syntagm

(also syntagma)

noun

  • 1A linguistic unit consisting of a set of linguistic forms (phonemes, words, or phrases) that are in a sequential relationship to one another.

    ‘the syntagm is always composed of two or more units’
    Often contrasted with paradigm
    • ‘For Saussure, syntagms are a ‘horizontal’ dimension of language, and are the regular and typical patterns of structure in the language system.’
    • ‘The tone, mood, fast-paced interjections, and witty syntagms of the 1940s vernacular are very difficult to convey in the several lines of subtitled translation.’
    • ‘In addition, notes of the missing syntagms have to be made, and schemes of the structure and movement of the text have to be drawn, making the piece difficult to comprehend.’
    • ‘In written etic discourse, which is, after all, a linear string of syntagms, one may need to break off in order to ‘enflesh’ a character.’
    1. 1.1 The relationship between any two syntagms.

Origin

Mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek suntagma, from suntassein arrange together.

Pronunciation:

syntagm

/ˈsɪntam/