Definition of syncope in English:

syncope

noun

  • 1Medicine
    Temporary loss of consciousness caused by a fall in blood pressure.

    • ‘Patients usually have no symptoms, but if the pause is prolonged, they may have light-headedness, palpitations, syncope, and falls.’
    • ‘In patients without focal neurologic symptoms and signs, syncope from cerebrovascular disease is extremely rare.’
    • ‘Cardiac arrhythmias or syncope clearly associated with a fall should be treated with antiarrhythmics or a pacemaker in consultation with a cardiologist.’
    • ‘Chest radiographs were available for 364 of 401 patients who presented with syncope or hypotension.’
    • ‘Decreased cerebral perfusion may cause impaired consciousness and syncope.’
  • 2Grammar
    The omission of sounds or letters from within a word, for example when library is pronounced /ˈlʌɪbri/.

    • ‘My thesis is that the shortening was caused by syncope.’
    • ‘At the same time, syncope is common in words like fam'ly, fed'ral, happ'ning.’
    • ‘The traditional spellings of English place names such as Worcester and Gloucester bear evidence of syncope.’
    leaving out, exclusion, exception, non-inclusion, deletion, erasure, cut, excision, elimination, absence
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: via late Latin from Greek sunkopē, from sun- together + koptein strike, cut off.

Pronunciation:

syncope

/ˈsɪŋkəpi/