Definition of synchronic in English:



  • Concerned with something, especially a language, as it exists at one point in time.

    ‘synchronic linguistics’
    Often contrasted with diachronic
    • ‘Paradoxically, however, I felt at the same time a real need to explain their story through a fuller understanding of its historical context - admittedly a synchronic, rather than a diachronic, concern.’
    • ‘Ethnological concerns in turn were replaced by synchronic ethnographic research on the structure and functioning of individual societies.’
    • ‘Both the diachronic and synchronic methods of linguistic analysis live on in studying words on the Internet.’
    • ‘The distinction between ritual and ceremony as pointed out by Alan Wald can then be analysed from a diachronic and a synchronic point of view.’
    • ‘Most economic theory is synchronic - it deals with simultaneous events at one point in time.’
    • ‘But, the synchronic and diachronic become entangled in both analysis and presentation, with key theoretical points coming across jumbled and disconnected.’
    • ‘He's identifying the ungrammatical strings that the grammar should not describe; he's doing modern empirical synchronic syntax.’
    • ‘It has substituted a diachronic for what should be a synchronic perspective.’
    • ‘Furthermore, the ambiguity of distinction between species and varieties is not only a synchronic problem, reflecting some kind of contemporaneous blurring of the boundaries between taxa at these levels.’
    • ‘‘Romanticism’ is the interpretive sense we make of Romantic-era literature by means of diachronic and synchronic narratives.’
    • ‘Often investigating history will allow us to understand why some puzzling synchronic details are the way they are.’
    • ‘In general, synchronic description tends to neutralize principles of continuity (which entail other principles of change), so that elements have only the significance they have in that instance.’
    • ‘On the other hand, there is the danger that, as folklorists (to use the jargon) adopt a more synchronic approach, some of the virtues of their more diachronically-oriented predecessors will be forgotten.’
    • ‘One of the tenets of sociolinguistics is that synchronic variation of the type illustrated here and in the examples in Chapter 3 represents a stage in long-term change.’
    • ‘From a diachronic viewpoint, languages seem to change from being more pragmatic to more syntactic; from a synchronic perspective, different languages may simply be at different stages of this evolutional circle.’
    • ‘It's clear, from diachronic and synchronic investigations, that all known languages give similar descriptions of the world.’
    • ‘Childs is, of course, absolutely right: The task of the interpreter is a struggle between the diachronic and the synchronic.’
    • ‘It focuses on the synchronic treatment of entries and on the more concrete and practical aspects of the editorial process.’
    • ‘Currently, linguists generally prefer the synchronic study of spoken language to the diachronic comparison of words in texts, and have tended to regard philology as pre-scientific.’
    • ‘In addition to placing English in a diachronic chain of invader-turned-native languages, Rao argues for an Indian English in a synchronic relation with American English and Irish English.’
    concurrent, happening at the same time, done at the same time, contemporaneous, concomitant, coinciding, coincident, synchronous, synchronized
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1920s: from late Latin synchronus (see synchronous) + -ic.