Definition of sympathomimetic in English:

sympathomimetic

adjective

Medicine
  • (of a drug) producing physiological effects characteristic of the sympathetic nervous system by promoting the stimulation of sympathetic nerves.

    • ‘That sympathomimetic drug, which stimulates the nervous system, increases metabolism and burns fat.’
    • ‘Pharmacologically, caffeine is a kissing cousin of theophylline, and in high doses it can produce sympathomimetic effects.’
    • ‘Both of these drugs have been used as appetite suppressants and both have amphetamine-like sympathomimetic effects.’
    • ‘More evidence, if any were needed, that the sympathomimetic drugs of recreation cocaine, amphetamines, and ecstasy are bad for the heart.’
    • ‘Sinus tachycardia is usually a physiological response but may be precipitated by sympathomimetic drugs or endocrine disturbances.’
    • ‘Tachycardia and hypertension are the result of sympathomimetic stimulation and the psychedelic effects of the drug result from serotonergic stimulation.’

noun

Medicine
  • A drug having a sympathomimetic effect, often used in nasal decongestants.

    • ‘It has also been suggested that the long-acting sympathomimetics when administered alone may contribute to a loss of control of asthma and even death.’
    • ‘Precipitants include being in a dark room (dilates pupil), stress, and certain drugs (e.g., sympathomimetics or anticholinergics).’
    • ‘She had not taken any over-the-counter or prescription sympathomimetics, nor did she have a history of risk factors for hypertension or type 2 diabetes.’
    • ‘Although these drugs may have antiinflammatory properties, they are considerably less effective than the sympathomimetics and potentially produce more significant side effects.’
    • ‘The use of sympathomimetics should be avoided in patients with ventricular fibrillation.’

Pronunciation:

sympathomimetic

/ˌsɪmpəθəʊmʌɪˈmɛtɪk//ˌsɪmpəθəʊmɪˈmɛtɪk/