Definition of syllogism in English:

syllogism

noun

  • 1An instance of a form of reasoning in which a conclusion is drawn from two given or assumed propositions (premises); a common or middle term is present in the two premises but not in the conclusion, which may be invalid (e.g. all dogs are animals; all animals have four legs; therefore all dogs have four legs).

    • ‘From this developed a formal system of logic based on syllogisms which was acceptable to all parties in order to decide the outcome of such debates.’
    • ‘Moreover, modern usage distinguishes between valid syllogisms (the conclusions of which follow from their premises) and invalid syllogisms (the conclusions of which do not follow from their premises).’
    • ‘I wonder, has this censor never found in poetry a vision of truth more profound than can be told in syllogisms?’
    • ‘No sophistry and no syllogisms can conjure away this inevitable consequence of inflation.’
    • ‘No belief - reasoning correlation was found for syllogisms that had a neutral content.’
    • ‘From a formal point of view, a conclusion follows necessarily from the premises in a well-formed syllogism.’
    • ‘Kant notoriously claimed that logic had no need to go much beyond the Aristotelian syllogisms.’
    • ‘But as with all syllogisms, the validity hinges on the major and minor premises.’
    • ‘To understand the history of ideas, we need to look not at syllogisms but at who wields power or at the subconscious mind.’
    • ‘They give reasons, they use syllogisms, they argue by suggesting counterexamples, they engage in all the hallmarks of reasoned argument.’
    • ‘In Hegel's syllogisms of the idea, objectivity attained rational form, while the concept acquired an explicit, material existence.’
    • ‘In the latter, the syllogisms involved must have middle terms that are causes of the state of affairs which is to be demonstrated.’
    • ‘Aristotle was charged with preferring flimsy theories and sterile syllogisms to the solid, fertile facts.’
    • ‘Both syllogisms have the same conclusion and the same logical form, but the syllogism immediately above has false premisses.’
    • ‘Speak not to me of syllogisms, you literal-minded dolts.’
    • ‘Mill first worked out his theory of terms, propositions, and the syllogism; he then set the book aside for five years.’
    • ‘But all syllogisms require the premises to be true, and that is the fundamental failing of the brief.’
    • ‘Aristotle is also credited with coming up with the structure of syllogisms, or the formal determination of what can be inferred necessarily from certain statements.’
    • ‘Based on these three elementary laws there were a number of syllogisms which were rules about correct inferences that could be made from given premises.’
    • ‘My Lords, I think that these are instinctual sentences, not logical propositions or syllogisms, none the worse for that because we are not in the field of pure logic.’
    1. 1.1mass noun Deductive reasoning as distinct from induction.
      ‘this schoool of epistemology is highly advanced in syllogism and logical reasoning’
      • ‘I don't rightly know, but I'll propose a possible counterexample - a 20 th-c. poet who often proceeded by syllogism at least as much as by coherence of feeling: Philip Larkin.’
      • ‘This is grand strategy by vacant syllogism and cliche.’
      • ‘Others think in terms of logical syllogism; for them the Cartesian system, when it can be applied, offers certainty.’
      • ‘His ability to combine syllogism with sentiment is remarkable.’
      • ‘This was, I felt, an argument that strained to yoke syllogism to its cause from love rather than good sense.’
      • ‘Dixwell throughout the review questions the validity of George's logic and his penchant for ‘droll syllogism.’’
      • ‘In my article in Prospect I recalled a breathtaking thought experiment dreamed up by the master of tendentious syllogism.’
      • ‘It was first formalized in Western philosophy by Aristotle, who described a simple variety of it known as syllogism.’
      • ‘Legal reasoning by analogy and syllogism was one aspect of the effort needed to fathom the law as revealed by God and his Prophet.’

Origin

Late Middle English: via Old French or Latin from Greek sullogismos, from sullogizesthai, from sun- ‘with’ + logizesthai ‘to reason’ (from logos ‘reasoning’).

Pronunciation

syllogism

/ˈsɪlədʒɪz(ə)m/