Definition of suspension in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The action of suspending someone or something or the condition of being suspended.

    ‘the suspension of military action’
    ‘the investigation led to the suspension of several officers’
    • ‘The formal suspension of the action led to the resumption of talks with the government in a further attempt to impose a settlement in the 15-month dispute.’
    • ‘The Embassy bombing touched off storms of protests from China and led to suspension of almost all military contacts and planned visits.’
    • ‘It is doubtful that trade suspension by Japan will lead to North Korea's collapse or deal it a severe blow, forcing it to yield and change its policy.’
    • ‘There are many other risks of business interruption and suspension that cannot be transferred to an insurance company.’
    • ‘Serious and systemic human rights violations of the type that may lead to suspension of aid or trade will not change overnight.’
    exclusion, debarment, removal, temporary removal, elimination, rejection, expulsion, ejection, eviction, rustication
    adjournment, interruption, postponement, delay, deferral, deferment, shelving, stay, moratorium, arrest, intermission, interlude, prorogation, tabling, abeyance
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  • 2[mass noun] The system of springs and shock absorbers by which a vehicle is supported on its wheels.

    ‘modifications have been made to the car's rear suspension’
    • ‘An independent bi-directional torsion suspension provides better operator comfort, with more traction and stability.’
    • ‘The resulting balance combined with front and rear double wishbone suspension and concentrated stiffness and rigidity is almost flawless.’
    • ‘The running gear has torsion bar suspension with an adjustable damping system and automatic block mechanism without stabilising spades.’
    • ‘The new model features a durable stainless steel tray at the back, live axle and leaf springs rather than independent rear suspension.’
    • ‘The rear suspension features a live axle with steel leaf springs.’
    • ‘The rear suspension is susceptible to wheel geometry changes and any misalignment shows up in the handling of the car.’
    • ‘The car had independent front suspension and featured spare wheel compartments in the front wings.’
    • ‘Cleverly, the gearbox and rear suspension could be changed as a unit in under ten minutes - which was an extreme competitive advantage under racing conditions.’
    • ‘All Epsilon cars share a front strut suspension and four-link rear with identical mounting points and wheel travel.’
    • ‘The cost savings paid for the SUV's independent rear suspension, which can be shared with the pickup should the market demand it.’
    • ‘Imagine the classic pickup with modern drivetrain, suspension and electronics.’
    • ‘The running gear features torsion bar suspension with hydraulic shock absorbers at one, two and six road wheel stations and tracks with rubber-metallic pin hinges.’
    • ‘It was also given a more conventional rear suspension with leaf springs in a typical Hotchkiss design.’
    • ‘There are no modifications to the brakes, suspension, steering or interior; even Works wheels are extra.’
    • ‘The rear sub-frame, front suspension, engine and gearbox plus the wiring loom and various bits from the dash are also used.’
    • ‘The Frontier features a rind leaf spring rear suspension and like the Xterra has the power-assisted rack and pinion steering.’
    • ‘Look for brake, clutch, gearbox, suspension and engine wear - that is to say, have her professionally checked, before handing over that bank draft.’
    • ‘An innovative (for its day) independent rear suspension provided a roomy trunk and marvelous stability.’
    • ‘The independent rear suspension offers better lateral stiffness yet more fore/aft compliance than a live rear axle.’
  • 3A mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid.

    ‘a suspension of maize starch in arachis oil’
    • ‘After addition was complete the suspension was filtered through glass wool and dialyzed.’
    • ‘One of the simplest ways of demonstrating that an apparent solution is actually a suspension of microscopic particles is through light scattering.’
    • ‘Bring bottled chemicals and organic suspensions into your basement or utility area and store on a high shelf.’
    • ‘Phosphates can aid in the emulsification and protection of colloidal suspensions for the food industry as well.’
    • ‘A liquid suspension contains drug particles that can't be dissolved.’
    • ‘A patient is first asked to drink a suspension of barium sulfate in water.’
    • ‘In the first one, excess cholesterol remains in solution, thereby nucleating crystallites in the bulk suspension.’
    • ‘It involves the suspension of monomer particles in water.’
    • ‘First of all, we used particle suspensions and not water-soluble, autoclaved extracts.’
    • ‘The commercial version of aluminum hydroxide usually consists of an aqueous suspension containing a small amount of aluminum oxide.’
    • ‘All stock particle suspensions were made freshly in sterile deionized water.’
    • ‘Thus, some are supplied in liquid form, such as solutions, emulsions or suspensions, and others in solid form, such as powders or granules.’
    • ‘Lotion moisturizers are suspensions of oily chemicals in alcohol and water.’
    • ‘This suspension was homogenized a third time as before.’
    • ‘The dispersion is called a suspension if the particle is greater than 0.5 micrometers.’
    • ‘Oil paints are made up of a suspension of pigments in an oil such as linseed oil that dries.’
    • ‘An aerosol is a suspension of very small particles of solid or liquid dispersed in a gas medium.’
    • ‘Milk is a colloidal suspension of oil droplets in water.’
    • ‘Lipid concentrations of liposome suspensions were determined by phosphate analysis.’
    • ‘Lipid suspensions in buffer were spun in an Eppendorf centrifuge at room temperature.’
    mixture, mix, blend, compound, tincture, infusion, emulsion, colloid, gel, fluid
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1[mass noun]A state in which particles are dispersed throughout a fluid.
      ‘the agitator in the vat keeps the slurry in suspension’
      • ‘The lipids are held in suspension as tiny globules known as liposomes, and are delivered by a manual-pump aerosol spray onto the closed eye.’
      • ‘More often than not, the soapy agent holds soil in suspension as it becomes loose during the wash cycle, and is subsequently flushed away during the rinse cycle and centrifugal spin.’
      • ‘It does not dissolve the latex particles, but disperses them in suspension.’
      • ‘The crowding effect is a simple consequence of the withdrawal of water, some of which is now occupied in holding the sugar in suspension and some of which evaporates.’
      • ‘Muds are transported in suspension by surface waters and are widely dispersed from their source area.’
      • ‘The beads were kept in suspension for 30 min by shaking at 400 rpm on a microfuge tube shaker at room temperature.’
      • ‘This has a big effect on reducing underwater visibility, as the mainland feeds the River Tyne with water-borne sediment and delivers it in suspension into the North Sea.’
      • ‘Mammalian cells would require a surface on which they had to attach before cell division could take place, unlike bacteria that grow in suspension.’
  • 4Music
    A discord made by prolonging a note of a chord into the following chord.

    • ‘Santana's own contribution is replete with rubato, ornamentation and suspensions.’
    • ‘Each note, once sounded, is held on, to produce a grinding multiple suspension over a quasitonic E at the sixth bar.’
    • ‘He also used sighing suspensions, and unexpected leaps to hold on to bass pedal notes to create chords.’
    • ‘As a musician, some deeply ingested logic automatically pivoted the vision before me to a tangible translation of a triad's triple arch in heavenly suspension.’


Late Middle English: from French, or from Latin suspensio(n-), from the verb suspendere (see suspend).