Definition of suspension in English:

suspension

noun

  • 1mass noun The action of suspending someone or something or the condition of being suspended.

    ‘the suspension of military action’
    ‘the investigation led to the suspension of several officers’
    • ‘There are many other risks of business interruption and suspension that cannot be transferred to an insurance company.’
    • ‘The formal suspension of the action led to the resumption of talks with the government in a further attempt to impose a settlement in the 15-month dispute.’
    • ‘The Embassy bombing touched off storms of protests from China and led to suspension of almost all military contacts and planned visits.’
    • ‘It is doubtful that trade suspension by Japan will lead to North Korea's collapse or deal it a severe blow, forcing it to yield and change its policy.’
    • ‘Serious and systemic human rights violations of the type that may lead to suspension of aid or trade will not change overnight.’
    adjournment, interruption, postponement, delay, deferral, deferment, shelving, stay, moratorium, arrest, intermission, interlude, prorogation, tabling, abeyance
    exclusion, debarment, removal, temporary removal, elimination, rejection, expulsion, ejection, eviction, rustication
    View synonyms
  • 2mass noun The system of springs and shock absorbers by which a vehicle is supported on its wheels.

    ‘modifications have been made to the car's rear suspension’
    • ‘The car had independent front suspension and featured spare wheel compartments in the front wings.’
    • ‘The resulting balance combined with front and rear double wishbone suspension and concentrated stiffness and rigidity is almost flawless.’
    • ‘The rear suspension is susceptible to wheel geometry changes and any misalignment shows up in the handling of the car.’
    • ‘The Frontier features a rind leaf spring rear suspension and like the Xterra has the power-assisted rack and pinion steering.’
    • ‘The rear sub-frame, front suspension, engine and gearbox plus the wiring loom and various bits from the dash are also used.’
    • ‘Cleverly, the gearbox and rear suspension could be changed as a unit in under ten minutes - which was an extreme competitive advantage under racing conditions.’
    • ‘The rear suspension features a live axle with steel leaf springs.’
    • ‘There are no modifications to the brakes, suspension, steering or interior; even Works wheels are extra.’
    • ‘Look for brake, clutch, gearbox, suspension and engine wear - that is to say, have her professionally checked, before handing over that bank draft.’
    • ‘An independent bi-directional torsion suspension provides better operator comfort, with more traction and stability.’
    • ‘The new model features a durable stainless steel tray at the back, live axle and leaf springs rather than independent rear suspension.’
    • ‘An innovative (for its day) independent rear suspension provided a roomy trunk and marvelous stability.’
    • ‘The running gear has torsion bar suspension with an adjustable damping system and automatic block mechanism without stabilising spades.’
    • ‘All Epsilon cars share a front strut suspension and four-link rear with identical mounting points and wheel travel.’
    • ‘The running gear features torsion bar suspension with hydraulic shock absorbers at one, two and six road wheel stations and tracks with rubber-metallic pin hinges.’
    • ‘The independent rear suspension offers better lateral stiffness yet more fore/aft compliance than a live rear axle.’
    • ‘The cost savings paid for the SUV's independent rear suspension, which can be shared with the pickup should the market demand it.’
    • ‘It was also given a more conventional rear suspension with leaf springs in a typical Hotchkiss design.’
    • ‘Imagine the classic pickup with modern drivetrain, suspension and electronics.’
  • 3A mixture in which particles are dispersed throughout the bulk of a fluid.

    ‘a suspension of maize starch in arachis oil’
    • ‘First of all, we used particle suspensions and not water-soluble, autoclaved extracts.’
    • ‘Thus, some are supplied in liquid form, such as solutions, emulsions or suspensions, and others in solid form, such as powders or granules.’
    • ‘After addition was complete the suspension was filtered through glass wool and dialyzed.’
    • ‘A liquid suspension contains drug particles that can't be dissolved.’
    • ‘Milk is a colloidal suspension of oil droplets in water.’
    • ‘Lipid suspensions in buffer were spun in an Eppendorf centrifuge at room temperature.’
    • ‘An aerosol is a suspension of very small particles of solid or liquid dispersed in a gas medium.’
    • ‘This suspension was homogenized a third time as before.’
    • ‘Lipid concentrations of liposome suspensions were determined by phosphate analysis.’
    • ‘Lotion moisturizers are suspensions of oily chemicals in alcohol and water.’
    • ‘The commercial version of aluminum hydroxide usually consists of an aqueous suspension containing a small amount of aluminum oxide.’
    • ‘One of the simplest ways of demonstrating that an apparent solution is actually a suspension of microscopic particles is through light scattering.’
    • ‘Oil paints are made up of a suspension of pigments in an oil such as linseed oil that dries.’
    • ‘All stock particle suspensions were made freshly in sterile deionized water.’
    • ‘Phosphates can aid in the emulsification and protection of colloidal suspensions for the food industry as well.’
    • ‘Bring bottled chemicals and organic suspensions into your basement or utility area and store on a high shelf.’
    • ‘The dispersion is called a suspension if the particle is greater than 0.5 micrometers.’
    • ‘A patient is first asked to drink a suspension of barium sulfate in water.’
    • ‘It involves the suspension of monomer particles in water.’
    • ‘In the first one, excess cholesterol remains in solution, thereby nucleating crystallites in the bulk suspension.’
    mixture, mix, blend, compound, tincture, infusion, emulsion, colloid, gel, fluid
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1mass noun A state in which particles are dispersed throughout a fluid.
      ‘the agitator in the vat keeps the slurry in suspension’
      • ‘This has a big effect on reducing underwater visibility, as the mainland feeds the River Tyne with water-borne sediment and delivers it in suspension into the North Sea.’
      • ‘More often than not, the soapy agent holds soil in suspension as it becomes loose during the wash cycle, and is subsequently flushed away during the rinse cycle and centrifugal spin.’
      • ‘The crowding effect is a simple consequence of the withdrawal of water, some of which is now occupied in holding the sugar in suspension and some of which evaporates.’
      • ‘Mammalian cells would require a surface on which they had to attach before cell division could take place, unlike bacteria that grow in suspension.’
      • ‘The beads were kept in suspension for 30 min by shaking at 400 rpm on a microfuge tube shaker at room temperature.’
      • ‘It does not dissolve the latex particles, but disperses them in suspension.’
      • ‘The lipids are held in suspension as tiny globules known as liposomes, and are delivered by a manual-pump aerosol spray onto the closed eye.’
      • ‘Muds are transported in suspension by surface waters and are widely dispersed from their source area.’
  • 4Music
    A discord made by prolonging a note of a chord into the following chord.

    • ‘He also used sighing suspensions, and unexpected leaps to hold on to bass pedal notes to create chords.’
    • ‘Santana's own contribution is replete with rubato, ornamentation and suspensions.’
    • ‘As a musician, some deeply ingested logic automatically pivoted the vision before me to a tangible translation of a triad's triple arch in heavenly suspension.’
    • ‘Each note, once sounded, is held on, to produce a grinding multiple suspension over a quasitonic E at the sixth bar.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from French, or from Latin suspensio(n-), from the verb suspendere (see suspend).

Pronunciation

suspension

/səˈspɛnʃ(ə)n/